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Transcript of Cultural jewellery
dating back as far as 75000 years. Jewellery can be made from any
material but was first made from
shells or clay to form beads. Bones,
wood or stone are also used.
More commonly jewellery is now
made from precious metals; such
as silver and gold, or precious
stones including diamonds,
emeralds, saphires or rubies. The most common forms of jewellery
are rings, necklaces, brooches, bracelets
or piercings on a range of body parts. Jewellery originates from the Latin
word "jocale" which means plaything. The following images are examples
of modern jewellery: Jewellery forms an important part of many cultures, the following shows some traditions from around the world. The Incas are the traditional
people of Peru, pottery textiles
and jewellery were an important
part of their culture.
The jewellery was most often
worn by local leaders. Gold and gemstones were
the main materials used for
making Inca jewellery and
commoners used their jewellery
only for cultural ceremonies and
special occasions. The British people of England
are best known for their royal
crown jewels. The jewellery is made
of multiple gemstones,
mostly diamonds. The making of Roman jewellery
began around 500BC. The Ancient
Romans often made amulets and
talismans which included images
of snakes and other animals.
Both men and women wore
jewellery daily. The Greeks often made their
jewellery in matching sets
and they based their designs on
the gods. Elaborate designs were
created and some jewellery was
made specifically for them to wear
on their death bed. Jewellery was important to
the Egyptians and gold was
the most common material
used. The jewellery was
also made from gemstones,
but only some stones were used
as particular colours of the stones
were thought to protect against evil. The scarab beetle was commonly
used for both royalty and commoners.
The wearers name was engraved on
the base of the charm and it was believed
the wearer would then gain powers. Jewellery was also buried
with a persons body as
they believed it was necessary
in the after life. Traditional African jewellery
was made from shells formed into beads. It was used to show wealth and often used in bartering. Each tribe had different jewellery specific to their tribe.
Some tribes view long necks as a sign of beauty and use metal coils to stretch their neck beginning at the age of two, while other tribes view stretched lips as beautiful and insert plates into a split in their lip to stretch it. Jewellery is a large part in Indian
culture, gold and gemstones are
layered to show wealth and status.
It is an important part of
weddings and is often given as gifts. Chinese jewellery is traditionally made from
silver rather then gold. Jade is another common part of Chinese jewellery and the jewellery has strong ties to religion. Thai jewellery was often given as gifts
and is most commonly nielloware jewellery. This technique involved symbols being carved into the base, often gold, then the niello was rubbed into the jewellery and baked. Niello is a mixture of copper, silver and lead sulphides. The symbols most used for the jewellery are cultural symbols. The Indigenous Aboriginal people of Australia use art as a way
of telling stories and sharing their culture. Jewellery is considered an
art form for them and they use it to show meaning or personality.
Natural colours and materials are used as the Aboriginal people
make the most of what they have. The Maori people of New Zealand treasure the
beauty of the Paua shells found in deep water of the coast
of the south island. The beauty and range of colours found
on these shells are the main reason the Maori people use
them for jewellery. Greenstone or jade is also used in
traditional Maori jewellery.