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Bipolar Disorder

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Aya Gabrielle Melvin Lastname

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Bipolar Disorder

Manic Phase
There are two phases:
Manic & Depressive

Fatigue or loss of energy
Physical and mental sluggishness
Appetite or weight changes
Sleep problems
Feelings of worthlessness
Depressive Phase
Bipolar Disorder
By: Aya Eltantawy,
Gabrielle Jessurun, &
Melvin Lattimore

Extreme Moods
Unrealistic Ideas
High Energy levels
Racing thoughts
Impaired judgment and impulsiveness
Delusions and hallucinations (in severe cases)
/watch?v=L -U3iPmJ-Q4
Seasonal Changes
Sleep Deprivation
Brain Regions
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Pre frontal Cortex
Basal Ganglia
Parts of Limbic System
Runs in the family
Multiple genes involved possibly on chromosome 21, 4, 13, 18, and the X-chromosome.
The disease may not be caused by the same gene or genes in all individuals.
Drug Abuse
Marijuana, downers, alcohol, and opiates, seem to temporarily blunt the effects of mood swings, only to cause ill effects later.
Exacerbate manic depression: Speed (methamphetamine, crank, crystal) and cocaine are two that have sent many abusers into mania, often followed quickly by deep depression and psychotic symptoms.
Hallucinogens, including LSD and PCP, can set off psychotic symptoms
Early Development
Dysfunctional family life
Emotional and physical neglect
Severe childhood stress
More and more, researchers are finding that childhood trauma is common among bipolar patients, with as many as 50 percent reporting incidents of childhood trauma.
Child hood abuse
emotional/physical/sexual abuse
The End
Mood stabilizing medications
- can cause thyroid and kidney problems. Common side effects include restlessness, dry mouth and digestive issues.
Anticonvulsants- Common side effects include weight gain, dizziness and drowsiness. Rarely, skin rashes, blood disorders or liver problems
- Valproic acid
- lamotrigine (Lamictal)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- topiramate (Topamax),
- oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
- Olanzapine
Atypical antipsychotic medications- side effects can include weight gain sleepiness, tremors, blurred vision and rapid heartbeat
- Aripiprazole (Abilify)
- Quetiapine (Seroquel)
- Risperidone (Risperdal)
- ziprasidone (Geodon)
Cognitive behavioral therapy - Identifies unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replaces them with healthy positive ones
Psychoeducation - Helps the patient and their family understand bipolar disorder and seek out he best treatment and recognize warning signs.
Group therapy - Provides a forum to communicate with and learn from others in a similar situation
Alternate Treatments
Trans cranial magnetic stimulation applies rapid pulses of a magnetic field to the head.
effective for people who have episodes of severe depression or people who haven't seen improvements in their symptoms despite other treatment.
temporary memory loss and confusion.
Between 1994 and 2003, teens under the age of 19 who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder increased from 200,000 to 800,000.
Bipolar diagnosis are equal among men and women.
It's a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania (formerly named manic-depressive disorder).
What is bipolar disorder?
About 1% of the population suffer from bipolar disorder.
In your adolescence, mood swings that range from bubbly to rage, when prolonged, can produce a bipolar diagnosis.
Vincent van Gogh
Linda Hamilton
Catherine Zeta-Jones
Vivien Leigh
Carrie Fisher
Jaen-Claude Van Damme
He experienced distinct episodes of reactive depression, followed by sustained periods of increasingly high energy and enthusiasm.
Legendary artist
Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With the Wind
She experienced nymhomania, physically attacking people.
The Mask of Zorro
She spent five days in a mental health facility and got diagnosed with bipolar II which is less severe than bipolar I, with no hallucinations.
Sarah Connor in Terminator & Terminator 2: Judgment Day
Her self-medication with drugs and alcohol and her mood swings damaged two marriages.
Princess Leia in the original Star Wars Trilogy
Crushing depressions between the "ups," dysfunctional family life, and the tedious trips to rehabilitation centers defined Carrie Fisher's life as a person diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
Starred in Bloodsport, Sudden Death, and Universal Soldier
He was divorced four times, charged with spousal abuse, and addicted to cocaine.
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