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L5 UJ

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Michał Choiński

on 25 April 2018

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Transcript of L5 UJ

American Literature
dr Michał Choiński
2013/2014 spring semester

Last class revision...
Oniric
descriptions
E. A. Poe's
philosophy of composition
Uncanny
Poe's
aesthetics
Nathaniel Hawthorne's style:
Dark Romanticism
(sin, redemption, evil)

Symbolism
Edgar Allan Poe
(1809-1849)
The Scarlet Letter
H. wants to explore and invesigate the reality (his own ambivalent
Puritan past
).
Thus, one can see a number of tensions in the novel:
the demands of the
society
(the village) and an
individual
(Hester)
// communal obligations and self-relience
//
symbolic territories
of the village and the forest.



VILLAGE FOREST


Common responsibility Self-reliance
Moral restrictions Moral freedom
Relience on others Sexual freedom
Common agreement Individuality
Social Conventions
Inhibitions
Shamefulness Shamelessness
Security Dangers
The known Mystery
Civlisation


Critical Study Questions:
What is the letter?
What does it stand for (literally and symbolically)?
What is the letter for Hester?
How would you comment on the relationships between characters?
Are there any other important symbols in the novel?


Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)
Next Class:
Edgar Allan Poe:
- "The Raven"
- "The Fall of the House of Usher"
- "Anabel Lee"
Wild Honey Suckle
From morning suns and evening dews
At first thy little being came;
If nothing once, you nothing lose,
For when you die you are the same;
The space between is but an hour,
The frail duration of flower.


Plot: unnamed narrator arrives to
Roderick Usher
’s house, an old friend of his, to witness a horror,
Ghotic
atmosphere: death, burial, storm and sense of unexplained anxiety;

Symbolism
of the house and the bridge

FAIR flower, that dost so comely grow,
Hid in this silent, dull retreat,
Untouched thy honied blossoms blow,
Unseen thy little branches greet:
No roving foot shall crush thee here,
No busy hand provoke a tear

American writer, novelist, critic;
The forerunner of romanticism;
The founder of American fantasy, detective and horror fiction;

Historical romance
with psychological themes bordering on
surrealism

Settling,

Hester Prynne,
Arthur Dimmesdale,
Roger Chillingsworth,
Pearl Prynne

The Fall of the House of Usher
Family of long
Puritan legacy
;
John Hawthorne was a judge at Salem witch trials;
Grew up without his father – he accepted the sense of solitude;
Won literary fame by
short stories
and
novels
;
Befriended famous American Transcendentalists

Full transcript