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Why was the Catholic Church in need of reform by 1530?

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llywelyn morgan

on 19 May 2010

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Transcript of Why was the Catholic Church in need of reform by 1530?

Why was the Catholic Church in need of reform by 1530? Anti Papalism Erastianism Anti Clericalism and Humanism Lollardy Lutheranism Monasteries Hard to detect in England. The King was already more in charge than the Pope. Church courts and privileges were already being eroded. Limited before 1530. Clergy blamed for the problems of the Church. The King should take action. Church courts. The idea that the state is superior to the Church in eccleisiastical matters. Criticised the abuses of the Church but believed the Church should reform itself. Utopia (Thomas More). Supplication of the Beggars (Simon Fish). Pluralism. Absenteeism. Already happening? Nepotism. Finance. Indulgences. Tithes. Mortuary fines. Too much wealth and power. Limited education of clergy. Holding more than one position. The Church had the right to hold its own courts under canon law. Being absent from diocese. Keeping Church appointments 'in the family'. Fees paid to the Church on a person's death. Pardons the could be bought from the Pope. Taxes paid to the Church. Extravagant standards of living. Failing to use wealth for education and charity. Immorality? Evidence gathered n Valor Ecclesiasicus (1535). Cromwell's survey of the wealth and state of the church in England and Wales. There was academic support for Lutheran ideas e.g. the Cambridge White Horse Group. There was a revival of Lollardy in the 16th Century. The Bible should be available to all and in the vernacular. The King, and not the Pope, should be in control of the Church. Did not believe in transubstantiation. No idolatry. The worshipping of images. The belief that bread and wine turns into the body and blood of Christ during the Eucharist. The language of the country.
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