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Copy of The Civil War

Created for my 11th grade VA/US History class

JaDorian Tate

on 7 April 2016

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Transcript of Copy of The Civil War

The Civil War
"In your hands, my dissatisfied countrymen, and not in mine is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict, without yourselves being the aggressors... We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection."
"Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letters of the United States; let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder, and bullets in his pocket, and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned right to his citizenship." - Frederick Douglass
"We were no longer merely the soldiers of a political controversy; we were now the missionaries of a great work of redemption, the armed liberators of millions."
"We shout for joy that we live to record this righteous decree!"
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
"I could cut a swath to the sea and divide the Confederacy in two. It would be a demonstration to the world... that we have a power that Davis cannot resist. I can make the march...
"There is nothing left for me to do but go and see General Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths."
December 1860
January 1861
Fort Sumter Falls
Upper South Secedes
Robert E Lee
"I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children."
JAN 1983
to the
Election of
surrender at
April 9
April 14
Military Life
13,000 of the 45,000 at Andersonville lived
Henry Wirz
Chesapeake, VA!
Weapons & Tech
Clara Barton
Belle Boyd
Rose O'Neil
Dr. Mary Edwards Walker
"Some one has stated the number of women soldiers known to the service as little less than four hundred. I cannot vouch for the correctness of this estimate, but I am convinced that a larger number of women disguised themselves and enlisted in the service, for one cause or other, than was dreamed of. Entrenched in secrecy, and regarded as men, they were sometimes revealed as women, by accident or casualty. Some startling histories of these military women were current in the gossip of army life."
Elizabeth Van Lew
Sarah Edmunds
Francis Clayton
"As a wounded man was lifted on the table, often shrieking with pain... the surgeon quickly examined the wound and resolved upon cutting off the wounded limb. Some ether was administered... the surgeon snatched the knife from between his teeth, where it had been while his hands were busy, wiped it rapidly once or twice across his blood-stained apron, and the cutting began. The operation accomplished, the surgeon would look around with a deep sigh, and then -- NEXT!"
"The sights and smells that assailed us were simply indescribable. Corpses were swollen to twice their size, some actually burst asunder... odors were so deadly that in a short time we all sickened and most of us were vomiting profusely."
What Remains?
- Stronger federal government
- Ended slavery for millions
- South is socially & economically devastated
Unanswered Questions....
When would the southern states be permitted back into the Union?
Under what conditions would that occur?
What would be the status of newly freed African Americans?
PGT Beauregard
total casualties
total casualties
"All we ask is to be let alone."
"Sic semper tyrannis!
The South is avenged!"

with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.
in Richmond!
at 50 yr anniversary
the cemetery gates
"Sherman neckties"
surrender flag
Physicians & Nurses
"I can anticipate no greater calamity for the country than the dissolution of the Union. It would be an accumulation of all the evils we complain of, and I am willing to sacrifice everything but honor for its preservation."
With malice toward none, with charity for all,
"Sometimes I think I am the tiredest man on Earth"
A civil war is a war between people of the same country.
There have been many civil wars, but one of the worst happened in America.
The American Civil War was fought to keep the South from leaving the Union.
Slavery was the major issue that separated the North from the South.
Civil War
Goal: Bring the south back into the United States.

Faced hostile people
Southern territory unfamiliar

Larger population
More industry
More resources
Better banking system
More railroad mileage
Abraham Lincoln
More ships
The North
(The Union)
Goal: Become recognized as an independent nation.
Smaller population
Few factories
Less food production
Fewer railroad miles
Fewer ships
Strong popular support
Familiar territory
Superior military leadership
The South
(The Confederacy)
Since South Carolina had seceded from the United States, it didn’t want Northern soldiers on its land at Fort Sumter.
Fort Sumter was a federal fort in Charleston Harbor
Rebel forces fired on the fort.
Thus, on April 12, 1861, the first major battle of the War began.
The South won the battle in two days.
This battle dissolved all hope at a peaceful resolution.
Fort Sumter
First time the Confederacy invaded Northern territory.
It was
bloodiest battle day
in United States history.
23,000 men lost their lives
that day.
The Union army stopped the Confederate army and
forced Lee to withdraw to Virginia.

This “victory” by the Union gave President
Lincoln the chance to announce the abolition of slavery in the South.
Battles of Antietam
Declared that all slaves should be set free in the Confederacy.

It also allowed blacks to serve in the Union army.

South ignored the Emancipation Proclamation, but it changed the nature of the war from that of preserving the Union to freeing the slaves.
Emancipation Proclamation
Began in the Spring of 1863
Control of the Mississippi River was a major priority of the Union.
Grant is given the job of taking Vicksburg, one of the last cities on the Mississippi River not under Union control.
Vicksburg was very hard to take. Grant made several unsuccessful attempts before finally surrounding Vicksburg and blocking any food from coming in.
The citizens and soldiers in Vicksburg held out as long as they could, but got down to eating rats. They surrendered on July 4, 1863.
surrender of Vicksburg divided and weakened the Southern states.
Turning point in the Civil War
This Union victory ended General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North.
South is no longer capable of an offensive into Union territory.
Inspired Abraham Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address".
Lee surrendered his forces to
on April 9, 1865, at the Wilmer McLean home in the village of
Appomattox Courthouse.
riority now became bringing the confederate states back into the Union
Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox Court House
On April 14, 1865,
John Wilkes Booth,
a famous actor and
Confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln
at a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C.
Assassination of Lincoln
Lincoln's 1st Inaugural Address
Ulysses S. Grant
Full transcript