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Transcript of Critical Thinking
Arnold Anderson, Demand Media
Critical Thinking in the Workplace (Anderson, 2013):
Brings new ideas
Workplace Critical Thinking Barriers or "CAT MAGIC" (Noruzi & Hernandez, 2011):
Attribution (or self-serving) bias
Trusting testimonial evidence
Accepting authority without question
Generalizing from too few observations
Ignorance and failing to admit it
Coincidence (or the Law of Truly Large Numbers) Critical Thinking on the Job Definitions "Reflection, Reasons, Alternatives" Robert H. Ennis presents 3 underlying strategies to critical thinking
Reflection: stop and think rather than making snap judgments, accepting the first idea that comes to you, or accepting whatever is presented by the media
Provide good reasons for your views and seek reasons for the views of others
Be aware of alternative hypotheses, conclusions, explanations, sources of evidence, points of view, etc.
(Ennis, 2012) 11 Characteristics of a
Critical Thinker Open-minded and mindful of alternatives
Tries to be well-informed
Judges well the credibility of sources
Identifies conclusions, reasons, and assumptions
Judges well the quality of an argument
Can well develop and defend a reasonable position
Asks appropriate clarifying questions
Formulates plausible hypotheses; plans experiments well
Defines terms in a way appropriate for the context
Draws conclusions when warranted, with caution
Integrates all items in this list
(Ennis, 2012) Why think critically? “Everyone thinks it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed, or down-right prejudiced. Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought. Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated.”
(Paul & Elder, 2006) “Critical thinking is that mode of thinking—about any subject, content, or problem—in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.”
(Paul & Elder, 2006)
“Reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do.”
(Ennis, 2012) References Anderson, A. (2013). What are the benefits of critical thinking in the workplace?. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-critical-thinking-workplace-11638.html
Ennis, R. (2012, June 23). A super-streamlined conception of critical thinking. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.net/definition.html
Noruzi, M. R., & Hernandez, J. G. (2011). Critical thinking in the workplace: characteristics, and some assessment tests. International conference on information and financial engineering, Singapore. Retrieved from http://www.ipedr.com/vol12/52-C127.pdf
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2006). The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts and tools. Foundation for Critical Thinking Press. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/files/Concepts_Tools.pdf
Pearson (n.d.). Discover your thinking style. Retrieved from http://www.thinkwatson.com/mythinkingstyles Just for Fun http://www.thinkwatson.com/mythinkingstyles The My Thinking Styles assessment measures how you use seven different approaches to thinking. Knowing your style of thinking will help you make good decisions in your life and in the workplace. Video References
TechNyouvids. (Producer). (2011). Critical thinking part 1: a valuable argument. [Web Video].
QualiaSoup. (Producer). (2009). Critical thinking. [Web Video].
PearsonEducation. (Producer). (2010). Critical thinking: today's number one skill. [Web Video].
Gary Meegan. (Producer). (2012). What is critical thinking? a definition. [Web Video].