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THE GREEN LIGHT THE DEATH OF THE AMERICAN DREAM

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debora ghibellini

on 3 July 2013

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Transcript of THE GREEN LIGHT THE DEATH OF THE AMERICAN DREAM

The green light: the death of the American dream

Gatsby: the symbol of the death of the American Dream
The American Dream
Francis Scott Fitzgerald
THE THEMES
THE SYMBOLS
Three levels:
A social-political level
an economic level
a spiritual level

Gatsby embodies both the corrupted Dream and the original uncorrupted Dream
The plot:
Nick is the narrator, he is Daisy's cousin and Gatsby's neighbour . He told Gatsby's story:
Gatsby meet Daisy
Daisy married Tom
Gatsby comes back to the war and make money in bootlegging
Gatsby becomes very famous and rich
Thanks to Nick, Gatsby and Daisy meet again
Daisy and Gatsby have an affair
After a fight with her husband Daisy runs over Tom's mistress, Myrtle, with Gatsby's car
Tom reveals to George (Myrtle husband) that Gatsby kills Myrtle
George kills Gatsby
Tesina di Debora Ghibellini 5^b Liceo Scientifico "Cavazzi Sorbelli" Pavullo
The Great Gatsby presents a lots of analogies with Fitzgerald's life:
the high standards of life
Zelda refused him because he wasn't rich

Jay Gatsby:
he is the symbol of the American Dream : the corrupted part of it and the uncorrupted one.
He embodies a dream in which idealism and corruption are mixed. a pursuit of search of absolute beauty and happiness, which he thinks are represented by Daisy.
His dream is compared to the "quest of the Grail"., but in '20s is impossible follow a Grail, in a corrupted world like this.And so the American dream is died for these reasons.
Nick Carraway
he is the only one who preserved a critical detachment, and realized how cynical and careless is the world that surround him
he is also the only one who feels bound to Gatsby by friendship
Daisy Buchanan
she is Gatsby's Dream but she is very far from Gatsby's ideals. She is beautiful, charming but also shallow, selfish and bored
she is capable of affection but not of loyalty or care
she represents the amoral values of the aristocratic East Egg set
THE AMERICAN DREAM
The Great Gatsby is the symbol of the American Dream's corruption, because he sees wealth as the solution to his problems. Gatsby's corrupt dream of wealth is motivated by an incorruptible love for Daisy. But in this there is the failure of the Dream, represented by the materialism that covered the real uncorrupted dream. This one remains at Gatsby's core condemns nearly every other character in the novel, all of whom are empty beyond just their lust for money.


PAST AND FUTURE
Nick and Gatsby are continually troubled by time, the future weighs down on Nick and the past haunts Gatsby.
"You can't repeat the past" said Nick to Gatsby " Why of course you can!" he answer to him.

WEST AND EAST
EAST is associated with: wealth, materialism, money;
WEST is associated with: provincialism, traditional moral
.
code.
It's the symbol of Gatsby's hopes and dreams;
The gap between the past and the present
It represents the physical an emotional distance between him and Daisy.
THE GREEN LIGHT AND THE COLOUR GREEN
DOCTOR T.J. ECKELBURG'S EYES
They are the symbol of God's Eyes, a God that sees everything but he is blind at the same time.
THE VALLEY OF ASHES
It is an area between New York City and West Egg, it's a dumping ground and it he failure of the American dream, this is the prove that the American Dream is over in the '20s
GATSBY'S MANSION
It symbolizes two themes:
the emptiness of the '20s , because Gatsby lives in a huge mansion alone;
the house is the physical symbol of Gatsby's love for Daisy
THE STYLE
It's a Modernist novel;
Nick Carraway is the narrator: an internal, retrospective narrator;
his is also the point of view;
no chronological order in the narration, there are a lots of flashbacks and forward;
Fitzgerald used a poetic style for the descriptions
IL CONTESTO STORICO: I "RUGGENTI" ANNI VENTI
FORTE CRISI IDEOLOGICA E DEI VALORI DOVUTA ALLA PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE;
CROLLO DELLE CERTEZZE;
BOOM ECONOMICO;
AUMENTO DEI CONSUMI E DELLA PRODUZIONE;
CONTRADDIZIONI INTERNE:
KU KLUX KLAN E RAZZISMO DIFFUSO IN TUTTO IL PAESE;
PROIBIZIONISMO da cui il contrabbando;
PRIMI FATTORI DI CRISI:
CRISI DEL SETTORE AGRICOLO;
DEFICIT PUBBLICO MOLTO ALTO;
CRISI DEL SETTORE FINANZIARIO, DOVUTO ALLE SPECULAZIONI BORSISTICHE.
TUTTO CIO' SFOCIO' NELLA FORTE CRISI CHE COLPI' L'AMERICA NEGLI ANNI SUCCESSIVI, INIZIATA CON IL CROLLO DELLA BORSA DI WALL STREET IL 24 OTTOBRE 1929.
CONFRONTO FITZGERALD/PETRONIO
Fitzgerald, per il suo romanzo, si ispirò all'autore latino Petronio. Ciò è dichiarato dallo stesso , in quanto ,inizialmente, aveva intitolato il romanzo : "Trimalchio in West Egg", proprio come il protagonista del Satyricon, Trimalchione.
ANALOGIE :
Stesse tecniche narrative: tecnica dell' accumulo;
AENUMERATIO:" esasperazione" numerica di oggetti per dare il senso dell'ostentata ricchezza.
i personaggi in entrambi i romanzi entrano in scena a cena iniziata;
il ritratto di entrambi i personaggi non detriva dal narratore principale della storia , ma dall'immaginario collettivo degli ospiti.
Entrambi gli autori descrivono le scene con un "realismo straniante" .
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