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Tasmanian Devils

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Kevin Carpenter

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Tasmanian Devils

Tasmanian Devils
Marsupials are pouched mammals
Give birth to live young however are still helpless embryos
Young stay in pouch until fully developed
Binomial name
Sarcophilus Harrisii
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Dasyuromorphia
Family: Dasyuridae
Genus: Sarcophilus
Species: Harrisii
Trophic Level
Tasmanian devils are secondary consumer
Prey of Owls and other large birds
Live on island of Tasmania
off coast of Australia
Settings include:
coastal moorlands
woodland underbrush
wooded rural areas
Mostly scavengers
Will hunt snakes, birds, lizards, rodents, some wallabies
Reproduction/ life cycle
Powerful jaws crush bone
Eat entire carcass
Mating period begins in March
After 20 to 24 days, mothers give birth to 20 or more live young
Mothers tassies only have 4 teats, so most die before they can develop
stay in pouch 105 days
For 3 - 5 months joeys are still dependent on mother
One Year
At one year devil young are completely independent from mother
Will now fight against mother
Two Years
Tasmanian devils are now sexually mature
Endangered Species
Declared endangered May 23, 2009
Highly contageous cancer dropped numbers down 70% since first reported in 1993
contracted from fighting and receiving open wounds
Interesting Facts
Tasmanian devils are the largest living marsupial on earth.
Most powerful jaws, relative to body size.
When well fed, Devils store fat in their tail
They are nocturnal
Consume everything; meat, bone, hair ect.
If threatened, they will point their tail straight up in the air
If threatened, they will attack any animal, even if up to four times it's size
As a defense, Joeys are excellent climbers, this is to avoid danger while mother protects them.
Are excellent swimmers
Tasmanian devils are actually very timid, preferring to flee instead of confrontation.
They are very vocal while they feed. A study identified eleven different vocal sounds used by devils while feeding.
Devils live only 5 to 6 years old, and 7 to 8 in captivity.
Full transcript