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Football- Practical Portfolio

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Daniele Alfano

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Football- Practical Portfolio

Practical Portfolio - Football Skills & Techniques Analysis Basic Rules & Scoring Systems Tactics Roles & Responsibilities of Officials Pitch Dimensions Rules Scoring Systems In football the team that scores the most goals is the winner. In football each goal scored is counted as (1) one and the side with the most goals at the end of the match wins the game and get (3) three points while the team with the fewer goals get no points. If the teams draw the match i.e. 0-0 the teams will share a point each.:
3 points for a win
1 points for a draw
0 points for a lose
A team can only score if the whole ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts.

This is a typical league table. The scoring system is how I have mentioned above. The league table is designed to be very easy to read. A league table will also include the amount of goals scored and conceded if teams are on level points:

P- Played
W- Wins
D- Draw
L- Lost
GF- Goals For
GA- Goals Against
GD- Goal Difference
P- Points Basics of football:
Football is a game with two teams of eleven players, played over the course of 90 minutes. The 90minutes are split into 2 halves, 45minutes each. The objective of the game is to score more ‘goals’ than the opposition, this is done by putting the ball behind the oppositions’ net. Obviously the game is played with a football which is naturally spherical. The game is played with 11men on each team; one of the 11 on each team will be a goal-keeper, which he/she is allowed to handle the ball in their own area. Each team is allowed to bring on 3 substitutions, which will replace one of the current 11 players, when this is done the referee needs to be informed. Each player should wear an identical jersey apart from the keeper as well as shorts, socks, shin pads and boots. The keeper is allowed gloves. If players are playing in a cup match, if the game ends in a draw the match may go on to extra time, then penalties. The extra time play is 30 minutes, split into two 15 minute halves. If after this it is still a draw, the match will be resorted in a penalty shoot-out. A football match will be scored by a referee with 2 linesman, and a fourth official which is on the touchline. The referee keeps track of time, and is advised how much injury time to add on at the end of each half. The referee also allocates free-kicks, penalties, corners, throw ins. Referees can also decide to give yellow or red card, which are for players who misbehave:

Yellow Card - A ‘caution’ given to a player. If two of these cards are shown to the same player, it means s red card will be shown.

Red Card - Showing a red card to a player means he/she is expelled from the match. A straight red card can be shown for extreme offences such as serious foul play, violent conduct, spitting, deliberate hand-ball to prevent a goal, a professional foul and insulting language and/or gestures. A Uefa Europa League game has 2extra men in situated in each goal line. This two extra men are there to allow more decisions to be correctly judged, especially in the situations where referees are unsure whether the whole ball has crossed the line. The 2 men are also there to help judge i.e. if a player is one on one with the keeper they will be there to judge if the player dives or if the keeper has any contact with the player. The extra officials also act as a deterrent to pushing and shoving at corners and free-kicks. Possession football
Even if possession in football doesn’t win you matches it is still key in a game, and to keep possession it is important for players to ‘pass and move’. Keeping possession means quite simply, teams attempting to hold onto the ball for as long as possible, at all times choosing the easiest possible pass. The keeping ball tactic is good because keeping possession will make opponents chase all over the pitch, impacting their stamina and further allowing you to control the pace of the match. Also keeping hold of the ball, the opponent’s frustration will draw out certain players from their starting positions, making spaces for through-balls, and possibly through on goal.

Counter-attacking football
Counter-attacking football is when you use the other team’s desperation to score to your own advantage. When most of the opposition’s team is in your half, and you keep a man or two further up the pitch, as soon as you get possession of the ball, you will instantly play a through ball to the strikers and will have a one on one chance with the defender due to the opposition committing most of their players on their attack. This tactic will rely on solid defending; teams often use this tactic if they want to hold a lead.

Zonal defence
Zonal defending is when every defender and midfielder is given a particular zone on the pitch to cover when the opposition has the ball. This is particularly important during set pieces, but does rely heavily on every player fulfilling their duties and keeping their concentration. Generally zonal defending is simple; however, it can be fraught with danger if any individual fails to cover his/her area of the pitch.

Man-to-Man marking
This is when certain individuals are responsible for picking up a particular opponent. Man-to-man marking requires incredible discipline on the part of the marker, and good decision making on the part of the manager, i.e. If a slower defender is matched up with a pacey striker, the result is in the strikers favour. Dribbling
Dribbling can be done with the inside, outside and the sole of the foot. To pick up speed, don’t kick the ball further away, instead, you should move your feet quicker and push the ball more frequently. When dribbling, don’t fix your eyes on the ball, learn to dribble and scan the field at the same time. Players should be able to run with the ball and change direction while keeping it under your control. Passing/striking
In order to produce a quality kick you’ll need balance and composure. The placement of your supporting foot is just as important as your other, kicking foot. To control the height of your shot or pass, you need to get over/under the ball. So if you get under the ball, this means slightly leaning back and you will be able to loft the ball, whereas if you get over the ball you will lean over it when passing/striking and when you release the ball from your foot the ball will stay on the ground. Therefore your upper body plays a role when kicking the ball, when you lean back, the ball will rise and if you lean forward your kick remain low and hard. The follow through of the pass/strike is also key as this is how much power you are generating into the ball. Heading
To head the ball with a good amount of power you’ll need to arch your body back and swing your head forward. Keep your shoulders leveled, then contact should be made with the center of the forehead. Chest
To control the ball with your chest, stretch out your arms and arch your back slightly. You should also bend your knees or jump in order to align your chest with the height of the ball. Scenarios
- If team A has used up all their subs, and a player has a cramp and can no longer take part in the match, team A will have to finish the match with ten men and cannot replace the injured player, this is due to the manager using up all his/her subs and unfortunately has been unlucky.

- If two footballs are on the pitch at once, the referee will have to stop play, and get one of the footballs off the pitch, the ref will then restart play/give the ball to the team that last had possession.

-If a player goes down holding his head, the referee has to instantly stop play and see what has happened to the player, this is because the referee needs to always be aware of every player’s health and safety. After the referee has checked the player ‘s alright he will then continue to the game, the referee will restart the play with a drop ball between the two teams. As we can see in the video on the left my dribbling technique is good, as I am dribbling in and out of the cones, using the top and outside of my foot, dribbling at a quick standard pace, keeping the ball close to me and having plenty of touches, showing I am controlling the ball well. You could argue that as the gap between the cones is quiet big I could be dribbling at a quicker pace. In the video on the right we can see that this person’s completing the drill but to a lower quality, for instance we can see his touch is too heavy when dribbling, this causes him to miss out 2 cones at the end of the drill. We can also see that this person’s dribbling technique isn’t very good, this is because from the start to the end he has no real control of the ball, therefore doesn’t have many touches to the ball throughout the drill. I believe dribbling is of the most important skills to master in football no matter what position you play, as you will always have to dribble in a game, I believe the key to dribbling is having good close control to the ball, and having plenty of touches. There are various ways to improve a dribbling technique, I believe a good way is to firstly master having close control to the ball by dribbling inside a closed square, turning in and out and having as many touches as possible keeping the ball very close to your feet. I then believe as your control gets better to start to include dribbling drills for instance dribbling in and out of cones. It is important that when you perform drills you practise with both feet, and with every part of the foot (inside, outside, top, bottom) As we can see on the video on the left, when I perform a lofted long pass, even though my run up isn’t long (2steps) I am still able to generate enough power into the pass to lift the ball off the ground, this is due to the technique I am using. My technique is good because of my positioning as I am lifting the long pass; I am slightly leaning back, so that I can get under the ball. The positioning of my upper body is also good as I have raised my left hand to help me direct the ball. We can immediately see that the person in the video on the right is not using the correct the technique when playing a long straight pass, we can instantly see that his run up isn’t correct as he has bent his run when he is trying to play a straight dead long ball with no curl. The run instantly affects the pass as on the follow through the ball end up curling to the left instead of going straight. We can also see that even though he is slightly leaning back to lift the ball, he doesn’t get under the ball well enough, as it is not a clean strike, this is due to him hitting the ball with the wrong bit of the foot (inside). In the video we can see that his upper body is completely wrong as he doesn’t raise his left arm to help direct the ball. We can also see that the ball hasn’t been lifted due to this person not following through. It is very important to get the technique right and not worrying about how much power you put into the pass, because if you get the technique right then when passing the power generated will just come naturally when lifting the ball 10 yards, or 100 yards. The best way to improve the technique for a lifted pass is to keep practising and get the technique right which will help you to be more consistent. The best drills to improve a long pass is by firstly standing 10yards from a target, after hitting the target 3 times in a row, the player should step back 5 yards every time. This will help the player to be more consistent. The correct technique is to control the height of your pass, by getting under the ball. To get under the ball you need to slightly lean back and you will be able to loft the ball, the follow through of the pass is also key as this is how much power you are generating into the ball. Another good drill I would suggest is For a more advance drill players should then spread out cones throughout the pitch, and keep the ball very close in-between their feet and dribble through the cones to reach the end of the obstacle. Long lofted
1. Grid 40 x10m.
Exercises can be improved by having two players at each end working a one-two. The Ball is played long, the 1st player passes to his team mate who plays it straight back. The 1st player then passes long to the other players. This is good practice for centre backs
To make the drill harder, the drill should then be changed to;
1. Grid size: 40 x 20m.
2. Three players in end boxes must decide whether to pass short or long.
3. Defenders close them down after the ball has passed them.
4. Defenders return to the middle after the ball has gone. Analysis As we can see from the two long passes the upper pictures shows a bad technique whereas the bottom pictures show a good technique. The difference of the two techniques is that Liam (upper pictures) when approaching to kick the ball is standing straight and vertically to the ball, without having his arm raised, we can see that on Liam’s follow through he doesn’t manage to lift the ball enough for a lofted pass as he didn’t get under the ball due to him not leaning back. In my lofted pass we can see from my run up (lower pictures) that my run up is at an angle so that when making connection with the ball I am able to hit the ball with the top of my foot. Another difference between the two techniques is that just before I kick the ball I raise my left hand as I am striking with my right foot, this provides counter balance, as we can see in my follow through from the strike I get under the ball enough to generate the strike into a lofted pass. Team analysis; strengths and areas of improvements Tottenham Hotspurs team analysis;

In December it was announced that Tottenham would be top of the league table if matches were 80minutes long. Tottenham have conceded 10 goals in the final 15 minutes of matches. The independent said “If matches this season lasted 80 minutes, it wouldn't be Manchester United at the top of the league, but Tottenham Hotspur.” In the second part of the season spurs have prevented this, this is due to the manager AVB noticing the problem and adjusting the training sessions so that the complexity of the concentration and focus is worked more at the end of a session, AVB did this so that the players’ mind are working till the final minute in the hope that the concentration and focus of the players would turn into their games, this has proven to be successful as spurs have been unbeaten since Christmas for 3 months, spurs in fact conceded their first goal in the last ten minutes of a match on the 10th of March 2013, even though we cannot prove this is entirely AVB’s training sessions, the training sessions must have had a positive effect on the players. Gallas told the independent that the players were addressed by AVB due to the team conceding late goals, and that AVB will amend his training sessions;

“Following the weekend victory over Swansea, Villas-Boas looked to explain how Tottenham have tried to improve the situation, although it meant another trip to the AVB management-speak manual to make much sense of it.

“We addressed it among ourselves in training by stimulating concentration in the last part of training,”

“It is very difficult, because you can’t recreate the stress of a game environment. But we had a go. It does not mean that the problem is solved, but the players are conscious we have conceded in the past and they want to get it right.”

“We have increased the complexity of the tasks the players have been doing at the end of training. The more complex the exercise, the more concentration they need at the end. ”


This year spurs have shown they have a very strong defensive team, but as every sport pundit has noticed that spurs have a key weakness in going forward. In this moment in time spurs have two strikers; Defoe and Adebayor two strikers who on their day are very good but are two strikers who have shown they don’t keep their foot on the pedal for 38 games a season. In the January transfer window spurs failed to sign a world class striker, whilst knowing they would be left with 1 striker (Defoe) as his partner Adebayor would be leaving the club to play in the African cup of nations until February. Unfortunately it had shown that Spurs made the wrong decision to not sign a striker as their only striker Defoe got injured mid-February, luckily Adebayor’s national team Togo had just got knocked out therefore Adebayor would soon return. Luckily spurs have been able to rely on a certain player; Gareth Bale who has shown to be a key player this season saving spurs from dropping points, and scoring 20 goals this season. Many pundits ask the question, if spurs signed a world class striker, could they really be contending for the league? If spurs signed a world class striker who would be consistent, spurs’ Gareth Bale would have a lot of pressure taken off him, this makes people think what spurs could be capable of.

In the 2012 August transfer window Tottenham were forced to sell two creative players; Modric and Van der Vaart, this thought to damage the Tottenham midfield as these two players played key roles in the previous season. Throughout the 2012/13 season it has been seen that spurs have lacked creativity in the middle of the field as they haven’t really replaced Modric and Van der Vaart and have had to look to players like ;Parker, Livermore, Huddlestone, Sandro and Dembele. Out of these midfield players Dembele has been the only player who has bought a spark to the middle of the park, as all the other central midfield players have a more defensive mind. This has caused spurs to play more through the wing mostly on the left hand side with Gareth Bale, luckily for Bale’s good form spurs are still competing for top four. Again many pundits ask the same questions ‘what if spurs signed Moutinho from Porto in the summer, would they really be competing for the top sport?”. After Moutinho showed he was a very good creative player at the 2012 euros, spurs has nearly signed the player as he was actually at the training ground on the 31st August, the last day of the transfer window, but unfortunately the talks broke down in the final minutes. If spurs had signed Moutinho and found a new creative player, it could be said that spurs would have more options in the attacking central midfield role and therefore could have been contending higher.
Finally we have seen a difference in Tottenham’s 2012 /13 campaign compared to the 2011/12 season, the difference is rotation. Harry Redknapp’s (previous manager) starting elven in the 2011/12 season was near enough identical every match, but season AVB’s starting team is much rotated as in fact he has used up to 28 different players this season. AVB likes to give a run out to all his players, as he thinks it is important for his players to rest. AVB has not selected two permanent central defenders as he as been rotating his central defenders with the likes of; Gallas, Dawson, Caulker, and Vertonghen. We have also seen that even though AVB decided to buy a new world class keeper in the august transfer window, he didn’t just give the spot to Lloris but made him challenge for his spot against Friedel, this proved to be successful as Lloris must have had to work hard in training to play each week. According to Martin Lipton AVB’s rotation policy has benefited spurs this season, the following paragraph has been taken from his article in the daily mirror;

“The rotation of the players, which AVB has done far more than last season, means they won’t have that March/April fade that has been a feature of most of their recent seasons. For whatever reason, Harry played the same players game in, game out, and you get that effect. Over a long season you need that wider, deeper squad. They’ve got that now, which is making a difference.”

Again I strongly say that Gareth Bale has really been the spark for Tottenham, a pundit for BBC sport Pat Nevin tells BBC sport that not only has Bale’s field play has been amazing, but his free-kicks this season have been near enough unstoppable; http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/21686619
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