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Transcript of Greek Tragedy
It was performed in a circular dancing-place (orchestra) by a group of men
Eventually, the content of the dithyramb was widened to any mythological or heroic story, and an actor was introduced to answer questions posed by the choral group. (The Greek word for actor is hypokrites, ( "answerer.") It is the source for our English word "hypocrite.")
Tragedy was recognized as an official state cult in Athens in 534 BC. According to tradition, the playwright Aeschylus added a second actor and Sophocles added a third.
Low Tolerance for Disorder:
Tragic plots tend to stress order and process -- the end follows from the beginning.
Tragedy tends not to call into question the accepted order of things. To do so is to suffer the consequences.
Tragic heroes tend to approach problems and situations in a fairly straight-forward manner. Life can be understood in simple binaries -- good/bad; just/unjust; beautiful/ugly.
: Tragedy stresses what is past and what is real. It tends to be more information-gathering based, wanting to find and resolve nagging problems.
Aeschylus added a second actor and Sophocles added a third.
Influences on Other Works
Tragedy is not only a literary and theatrical practice, but also serves as a reflection and standard for many philosophers and artists.
Henrik Ibsen (Author) sets tragic themes in contemporary social contexts, like in A Doll's House: the role of women during the Victorian era.
Sigmund Freud (Psychologist) linked his theory the Oedipus Complex, when boys have feelings of desire for his mother and jealously and anger towards his father to the play Oedipus.
Charles Darwin's (Biologist) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection is related to the greek tragedy Oresteia.
Virtuous character destined for downfall
Fatal flaw, error of judgement
Fated by the Gods for doom or destruction
Run away which is the cause
Ancient History Encyclopedia. Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlik, 16 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Tragedy/>.
Cambridge Academic Links. Cambridge Academic, May 1997. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://people.ds.cam.ac.uk/blf10/links/trag-theory.html>.
Cambridge Academic links. Bruce Fraser, May 1997. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://people.ds.cam.ac.uk/blf10/links/trag-theory.html>.
Classics Technology Center. Roger Dunkle, 1998. Web. 2000. <http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/netshots/tragedy.htm>. The website talks about what a tragic hero has or does and how there is usually a misfortune that happens. It also talks about the history of tragedies and how they are displayed in theatres
CLS 267 Topics Page. Barbara F McManus, Nov. 1999. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www2.cnr.edu/home/bmcmanus/poetics.html>. Aristole's Theory of Tragedy
Fraser, Bruce. "The Influence of Greek Tragedy." The Influence of Greek Tragedy. Bruce Fraser, May 1997. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://people.ds.cam.ac.uk/blf10/links/trag-theory.html>. This website talks about the influence of Greek tragedy through the history and the authors.
HistoryWorld.org. historyworld.org, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://history-world.org/greek_art.htm>.
NOVA. Northern Virginia Community College, 16 Nov. 2007. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/spd130et/roman.htm>.
Ohio University. University of Michgan, 1967. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://www.ohio.edu/people/hartleyg/ref/aristotletragedy.html>.
pic. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://www.lonelyplanet.com/themes/best-in-travel/best-back-in-time-entertainments/>.
State University of New York. John Morreall, 1999. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www3.dbu.edu/mitchell/comedytr.htm>.
University of Pennsylvana. upenn.com, 2000. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://www.classics.upenn.edu/myth/php/tragedy/index.php?page=theater>.
www.faculty.gvsu.edu. gvsu, n.d. Web. 26 Aug. 2014. <http://faculty.gvsu.edu/websterm/Tragedy.htm>. Origins,Performance,Definition,The Tragic Hero,Plot
By: Anna Deng
Aeschylus created sequels.
Plays were performed and had to go through audition.
Sophocles added painted scenery.
Euripides clever dialogues.
Re-performed and copied into scripts for ‘mass’ publication.
Plays translated in Roman
A Doll's House
Death Of A Salesman
Murder in the Cathedral