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European Christendom

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by

John Winchester

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of European Christendom

The Crusading Tradition
Crusades were also known as "The Holy Wars"
People involved believed they would have protection from enemies of all Christendom and Christians.
Most famous crusades were aimed at removing Islam's control of Jerusalem and places involving Jesus.
Christendom wanted control to be returned to it.
People and places involved in the crusades included Islamic Middle East, Muslims, Christians, Scandinavians, Germans, Byzantine Empire, Russia, and other enemies of the pope.

The Crusading Tradition Cont.
This "medieval expansion" took place while the Byzantine world was contracting under pressure from the West, Arab invasion, and later from Turkish conquest.
Expansion of Western Christendom.
While European civilization grew, there were efforts to engage more actively with both near and more distant neighbors.
Comparing the West
As The West evolved, it was less developed than Byzantium, China, India, and the Islamic World.
European cities were smaller.
Weaker political authorities.
Less commercialized economy.
Inferior technology.
Muslim observers saw Europeans as barbarians.
Muslim travelers went to West Africa where Islam was practiced and gold was plentiful.
European Christendom
The Crusading Tradition Cont.
Vikings of Scandinavia established colonies in Newfoundland in North America, Greenland, and Iceland.
The western half of Christendom was on the rise.
Eastern half of Christendom declined.
Comparing the West Cont.
European economies reconnected with the Eurasian trading system which they lost after the fall of Rome.
European civilization also reconnected with Afro-Eurasian networks of exchange and communication.
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