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The Importance of Health Education in Elementary Schools
Transcript of The Importance of Health Education in Elementary Schools
Sandy Brown Sources What is Health
Education ? The Importance of Health Education in Elementary Schools How Can We Teach Nutrition? Physical Benefits:
It is critical if children are to develop fundamental motor patterns (e.g. jump, throw, skip, hop, catch, and kick).
Children who participate in physical activity as a child and have success are shown to have an increased chance of living an active life style. Cognitive Benefits:
Quality physical education programs facilitate exploration of movement in various contexts that enhance childrens desire for knowledge.
An ability to pay attention is important for success both at school and at home. A 6-year-old should be able to focus on a task for at least 15 minutes. By age 9, a child should be able to focus attention for about an hour. Regular physical activity has been shown to increase their attention span and improve classroom behavior. BONES:
Physical activity: Physical activity is important for building healthy bones, and provides benefits that are most pronounced in the areas of the skeleton that bear the most weight. These areas include the hips during walking and running and the arms during gymnastics and weight lifting.
To build strong bones they need to have some impact to break down weak bone and build strong thick ones. The more work they do, the stronger they get. Any kind of physical exercise is great for your kids, but the best ones for their bones are weight-bearing activities like walking, running, hiking, dancing, tennis, basketball, gymnastics, and soccer. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
National Association for Sport and Physical Education, an association of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Yu, C. C. W., et al. "Are physical activity and academic performance compatible? Academic achievement, conduct, physical activity and selfesteem of Hong Kong Chinese primary school children." Educational Studies (03055698) 32.4 (2006): 331-341. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Trost, Stewart G., and Hans Van Der Mars. "Why We Should Not Cut P.E." Educational Leadership 67.4 (2009): 60-65. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Bryant, Carol A., et al. "Promoting Physical Activity Among Youth Through Community-Based Prevention Marketing." Journal of School Health 80.5 (2010): 214-224. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 7 Dec. 2010
http://www.nwplayground.com/Links/Northwest%20Playground/veternas%20memorial%207_alt.jpg Health education...
Emphasizes the teaching of functional health information and essential skills necessary to adopt, practice, and maintain health-enhancing behaviors.
Programs can include not only physical activity and proper nutrition, they can also include subjects such as stress management, drug use, and sexual behavior.
An effective physical education curriculum can result in positive changes in behaviors that lower a student’s risks around:
Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs,
Mental and emotional health
Prevention of diseases
Sexuality and family life
Regular aerobic activity increases the following:
Scores on verbal and mathematics tests
Concentration & memory
Academic readiness in children from the ages of 6 to 18
Physical activity helps to balance energy levels in children
Physical activity helps improve children’s body image and self-esteem. When these improve student’s ability to learn and pay attention while in school also improve.
Physical activity helps the brain to function better, which makes it easier for students to understand the academic material they are learning.
Students achieve higher grades in math and English and receive higher scores on standardized tests when they receive daily physical education.
Quality physical education programs can contribute to the development of self- esteem among children.
Children who are more active may have greater social success and positive relations with peers. Children need many opportunities to experience personal feelings of success and achievement in physical activity settings. Studies provide evidence that promoting and establishing healthy behaviors for younger people is more effective, and often easier, than efforts to change unhealthy behaviors already established in adults.
Increased pressure on testing in schools has led many districts, administrators, and teachers to reduce the amount of time students spend in physical education. For some schools, like Washoe County Schools, this can also mean that physical education is not strictly required or removed all together.
For Children the most effective method of skill development is to learn by doing. Involving students in active participatory experiences, rather than passive ones is crucial to their development.
Health education programs are most effective if parents are involved. Parents can complement and reinforce what children are learning in school during conversations and activities at home. Did you know?
Nearly one-third of elementary schools do not schedule recess on a regular basis. That’s just recess! In grades 9 through 12, only about half of students have one or more physical education classes during the school week.
Approximately 4% of elementary, 8 % of middle and 2% of high schools provide daily physical education for the entire year.
Almost one in four children do not participate in any free-time physical activity. Resources Government resources
USDA provides educators with tools such as MyPlate and the Food Pyramid
Lesson plans Additional
Use engaging, real life materials