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Ancient China Dynasties
Transcript of Ancient China Dynasties
10 Inventions of China
10 inventions of China are:
The Han dynasty lasted from 206 BC to 220 AD. The ruler of the Han dynasty was Liu Bang. They believed in Taoism. During the Han dynasty they made the Silk Road. The Silk Road was made for the political contact with the many Kingdoms of Central Asia and for trading.
The Chou dynasty lasted from 1040 BC - 256 BC. The founder of the Chou dynasty was King Wu. The dynasty believed in Daoisim. The Chou rulers taxed their subjects and used the taxes to build huge walls. They also built dams, roads, and irrigation systems.
The Hsia Dynasty lasted from 2200 BCE to 1766 BCE. The Hsia Dynasty was founded by Yu the Great. The Hsia dynasty believed in Buddhism. Some great achievements of the Hsia Dynasty are Jade ware and bronze vessels were well smelted, the Commodity exchanged developed, and a calendar system was developed. A Dynasty is a series of rulers from the same family.
The Shang dynasty was founded by a rebel king, Tang. The dynasty lasted from 1766 BC to 1040 BC. The Shang dynasty was polytheistic, meaning the people worshiped many gods. The Shang dynasty was the first dynasty to leave written records and developed the lunar calendar. The lunar calendar consisted of 12 months and 30 days each month.
Ancient China Dynasties
The Age of Warring States
4. Hot Air Balloon
6. Mechanical Clock
Papermaking was one of the 4 great invention of ancient China. Papermaking was discovered in the western Han Dynasty and later spread to almost every dynasty.
Gunpowder was discovered in the 9th Century. Gunpowder was invented by the Tang dynasty. Gunpowder was made by mixing sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter.
The compass was invented by the Han dynasty. It was discovered 221 BCE to 207 BCE. It was used for aligning buildings and as a tool used for fortune telling.
Tea was discovered by the Tang dynasty in 2732 BCE. It was used in ritual offerings, tea leaves were used in medicine and eaten as a vegetable.
The mechanical clock was invented in 725 AD. It was discovered by a Chinese mathematician and Yi Xing. The clock was used for keeping track of celestial activity. Yi Xing called it the "Water-Driven Spherical Birds-Eye View Map of The Heavens."
The umbrella was invented by the Warring States. It was invented in the 11th century. it was made up of bamboo and oil paper.
The kite was invented by the Warring State. It was invented in 549 AD. It was used for measuring distances, testing the wind, and signaling.
The Hot Air balloon was invented in 220 AD. It was invented by the Han dynasty. It was used in chinese festivals, to celebrate certain holidays or occasions.
Porcelain was invented in608 AD by the Sui dynasty. It was used for plates, cup, and statues.
Dance was invented by the Tang dynasty. It was invented in 618 AD. There were two types of formal dances they were civil and military.
Empress Wu is the only female Emperor in Chinese History
Confucianism is the ethical teachings of Confucius
Daoism is alternative Romanization of Taoism
Confucius is Chinese philosopher and teacher.
Great Wall is a long wall running east to west along the Chinese empire's norther border
Silk Road is a series of trade routes that crossed Asia
Examination System was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than on the basis of family or political connection
Neo-Confucianism is a form of Confucianism that was mostly developed in the Song dynasty.
Mandate of Heaven is a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
The Legalist is a strict, often too strict and literal
Oracle Bones are animal bone or shell carved with written characters that was used to predict the future in ancient China.
Terracotta Warriors is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang
The Ch'in dynasty was founded in 221 BC to 206 BC. The ruler of the Ch'in was Qin Shi Huang. The Ch'in dynasty believed in Legalism. Qin Shi Huang had terracotta warriors that were to protect the empire and his afterlife. The Ch'in rulers were heavily influenced by legalists. Ch'in is how China got its name.
The age of Warring States lasted from 481 BC to 221 BC. The Warring States was a period when the region of the Zhou dynasty was split up into 8 states. This period in time is when they started to build the Great Wall of China. During this time period a great teacher named Confucius tried to develop a good government
The Song dynasty was founded by Zhao Kuangyin. It lasted from 907 AD to 1279 AD. The Song dynasty believed in Buddhism. They reunited China after decades of rebellion.
Taoism is a Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu , advocating humility and religious piety.
The Tang dynasty lasted from 618 AD to 907 AD. The founder of the Tang dynasty was Tang Kao Tsu. They believed in Buddhism and Daoism. Tang Kao Tsu made China the largest, wealthiest, and most populous nation of that time.The Tang dynasty based their laws on based on Confucian thought.
Genghis Khan was a Mongol leader from 1162 AD-1227 AD. He united the Mongols. Genghis was the founder of the Mongolian Empire. He never let anybody paint his portrait or do a sculpture of him.
Kublai Khan was a Mongolian general and statesman. Kublai was the grandson of
Genghis Khan. He conquered China, and founded Yuan Dynasty.