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Writing Instruments since the Middle Ages

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by

Kaiolani Burress

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Writing Instruments since the Middle Ages

Reed Pens
Reed pens were commonly used in the Middle East and Asia during the late Antique period and the Latin word for "pen". They were made by cutting a section of hollow reed and sharpening the point into a "nib" with a small slit in it; they didn't maintain a sharp point for long though.
Quill Pens
Quill pens are made from bird feathers. The best ones were from the primary flight feathers of the large birds; mostly Geese and the more expensive Swan feathers. The user would have to dip the tip into a ink well constantly and there was no erasing mistakes.
Styli
A wooden, bone or metal writing implement, with a sharp point used to cut letters into sheets of wax. It was used on these wooden frames containing layers of wax to take temporary notes on.
In around 600-1800 a.d., the Europeans found that writing on parchment with a quill pen changed their style (font) of their writing. At first the used capital letters all the time, but later developed faster styles by using smaller letters as well. Its combination of hardness, flexibility, and availability made it the standard writing tool of the Medieval period.
Thank you!
Writing instruments since the Middle Ages have evolved throughout the years into what we can use today. And each inventor wouldn't have been able to create what they had without recognizing the ideas and concepts of previous inventors and thinking outside of the box. The next slides show these tools made and a little bit about their creator...
Writing Instruments since the Middle Ages
By: Ka'iolani Burress
Lewis Waterman
An insurance salesman, who wanted to improve the earlier pen designs. He actually ended up being the first to patten the first practical fountain pen in 1884.
Fun Fact
It is what the stylus most of us use today on touchscreen devices was based off of.
Fountain Pen
The fountain pen's design came after a thousand years of using quill pens. Early inventors at first tried putting natural ink into the hollow channel of a birds feather, which led to making a man-made version that didn't require constant dipping into a ink well.
Laszlo Biro

and the Ballpoint Pen
A Hungarian journalist, who invented the first ballpoint pen in 1938. In that time he noticed a different type of ink that dried faster which meant less smudging. Since this new type of ink was thicker and couldn't be used in the earlier writing tool, he had to make a new type of point to let the ink flow seamlessly. The name of this pen actually explains how he did so; he put a tiny ball bearing in its tip which let the ink roll right onto the paper.
Although it is not quite 100% certain who exactly made the first Reed pen, in around 3000 b.c, it is told that the Egyptians developed thin reed brushes or reed pens for scribes to write on papyrus scrolls.
The Romans were developing a new form of writing and came up with a metal stylus. When they no longer needed what they had wrote, they would just rub it out with the flat end of stylus. But in Asia, scribes used a bronze stylus.
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