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The Stolen Generation

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Yew Cc

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of The Stolen Generation

The children of Australian Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander descent
who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and State government agencies and church missions, under acts of their respective parliaments. Between 1910 and 1970, roughly 100,000 Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their homes. These children, most under the age of five, were taken from their birth families because the Australian government decided that their race lacked a solid future. •Children were taken away by government officials and later told that they were orphans.
•Mothers were given documents to sign. They were told it was some kind of vaccination programme.
Others were taken to hospitals and never seen by their families again. Who? Why? How? -the government did not believe in the future of the Aborigines. They thought it would be better to bring them to white families. -authorities thought Aboriginal parents would neglect them. There is evidence that malnutrition and starving kids were caused by Aboriginal people not receiving the full wages they were owed -to expose them to ‘Anglo values’ and ‘work habits’ with a view to them being employed by colonial settlers, and to stop their parents, families and communities from passing on their culture, language and identity to them. Howmany? Administrations tried to tout their “successful assimilation” of Aboriginal people by deliberately understating Indigenous numbers. Hence numbers can only be roughly estimated that between 1883 and 1969 more than 6,200 children were stolen in NSW alone. This rationale was due to the hard truths that the Aborigines are at a much higher risk -- even today -- for alcoholism, infant mortality, criminal behavior and drug addiction than other Australians. Numerous state and federal laws were drafted and passed with the express intention of "breeding out" the color of Australia's indigenous race and helping the young members fit into mainstream society. There is no black or white, we are both of those. I am black and I am white. We were the product of white men raping our traditional women. We were an embarrassment. No-one wanted us. They just wanted us out of the way.
—Zita Wallace, taken aged eight years [8] http://tvfinternational.com/programme/20/beyond-sorry The stolen children were raised on missions or by foster parents. They were totally cut off from their Aboriginality. They were severely punished when caught talking their Aboriginal language.

Some children never learned anything traditional and received little or no education. Instead the girls were trained to be domestic servants, the boys to be stockmen. Australia’s Aboriginal people were thought to have arrived here by boat from South East Asia during the last Ice Age. The hope, was to phase out the oborginal culture. The History of Australia 45,000 years ago A number of European explorers sailed the coast of Australia, then known as New Holland Captain James Cook chartered the east coast and claimed it for Britain. 17th century Free settlers began to flow in.
The Aboriginal people suffered under the new settlement. 26 May
National Sorry Day 1990s Up to one million Aboriginal people lived across the continent as hunters and gatherers. The new outpost was put to use as a penal colony and on 26 January 1788, the First Fleet of 11 ships carrying 1,500 people – half of them convicts – arrived in Sydney Harbour. 1770 1790 1967 Australians voted overwhelmingly ‘yes’ in a national referendum to let the federal government make laws on behalf of Aboriginal Australians and include them in future censuses. 1970 1972 The Australian Labor Party under the idealistic leadership of lawyer Gough Whitlam abandoned the White Australia policy and embraced multiculturalism to commemorate and remember all those who have been affected by the government policies of removal from families that have resulted in the Stolen Generations. 13 Feb
Aniversary of the Apology An act of homage of the achievement that was the apology to the Stolen Generations, a reminder to the broader public, Australia’s politicians and policy makers, that sorry is more than just a word to cover up for the events of Stolen Generations
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Healing Foundation was established as a healing initiative for the Stolen Generations 1995 - an investigation was stated to bring more truth to the topic.
The government however did not apologize to the victims. The former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd was the first Australian politician to make a formal apology to the Aborigines in 2008. 1997 - Documentation of forced removal of children The Bringing them Home report acknowledged that Indigenous children have been forcibly separated from their families and communities since the very first days of the European occupation of Australia' by governments and missionaries. However, he also said that the government would not give any money to the victims. He claimed that it was in the interests of government to raise the children in the best way. In 1994 the Australian Bureau of Statistics presented a survey which revealed that one in every ten (10%)Aboriginal people had been removed from their families in childhood, a figure which seems to be confirmed by research since the Bringing Them Home Report. When? In the late 19th century authorities started taking children away without legal framework. A framework was established in 1909 with the Aborigines Protection Act. During the 1960s the process of child removal had slowed down but continued well into the 1970s. Some schools and missions who held the Stolen Generations did not close until the early 1980s. What Happened then? Most of them did not have pleasant experiences being taken from families.
Consequences are such as:
•Low self esteem
•Misconception of people around
•Loss of individuality
•Isolation
•Problems of getting along with society
•Agony in pursuit of identity
•Culture and religion loss This document made Victoria the first Colony to enact a comprehensive scheme to regulate the lives of Aboriginal people. This Act gave powers to the Board for the Protection of Aborigines which developed into an extraordinary level of control of people's lives including regulation of residence, employment, marriage, social life and other aspects of daily life. Long term effects are like:
•Depression
•Misuse of substances and alcohol
•Being an abuser after being a victim Measures taken to help the Stolen Generations •Reconcillation
•Reparation Tribunal
•Public acknowledgement and apology from the federal and state or territory governments
•Restitution
•Language, history and culture centres
•Rehabilitation
•Parenting services
•Monetary compensation.
•Formation of Associations
•Psychological help Where? The most infamous institutions are following.

Bomaderry Children’s Home, operated from 24 May 1908 to 1981
Cootamundra Aboriginal Girls’ Home, originally a hospital, operated from 1911 to 1969.
About 1,200 girls were placed in Cootamundra during this time.
Kinchela Aboriginal Boys’ Home which moved to Kempsey in 1924.
About 600 Aboriginal boys passed through Kinchela before it was closed in 1970.
Parramatta Girls’ Home, operated from 1887 until 1986.
About 30,000 girls were locked up during that time.
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