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Post Romanticism and 20th Century Music
Transcript of Post Romanticism and 20th Century Music
-Although distinctly a popular art, American dance band style, generally referred to as jazz, has had a
widespread influence upon serious or non-popular music.
Of great significance to 20th century music was the rise of new musical outlet; high-fidelity transmission of sound(radio, phonograph, tape recording, stereophonic sound). These outlets have made music accessible to a large audience and have contributed to the current widespread interestn music.
-Confronts us with a bewildering array of developments
- more prominent trait in 20th century
-roster of important composers who have developed distinctive styles
- Musical Impressionism is not devoid of romantic elements.
- May be described as having
refinement, delicacy, vagueness, and an over-all "luminous fog" atmosphere.
-Experimentation continued but Romanticism was abandoned
-Intended to mean the expression of the inner self, especially the subconscious.
- represents a return to the ideals of the 18th century while retaining modern techniques of harmony, tonality, melody, etc.
Neoclassicism and clarity of material, form, texture and medium.
- Utility of music or functional music, describes written for special purposes or particular occasions.
- Aimed at bridging the gap between composer and audience by making more directly acceptable by means of simplification of materials.
several stages of evolution of Jazz
a. Ragtime - prominence of syncopation (accenting weak or unimportant beats or parts of beats in a measure) in various patterns, conventional harmony and regular phraseology
b. Blues - subject matter deals with an atnmosphere of self-pity, a lost or absent lover etc.
c. Jazz - essentially an orchestral art in terms of arrangement (commercial arrangements called sweet or straight jazz) or improvisation (called hot jazz.)
He was considered a rare genius and most radical exponent of IMPRESSIONISM
His works, which influenced later composers, have delicate melodies, with only a suggestion of harmony
He was a refined artist - exciting, sophisticated, and sure of himself.
Compositions: Debussy is noted primarily for his piano music (suites, preludes and estudes). They include: Afternoon of a Faun, Claire de Lune, Pelleas and MElisande, La Mer, Reverie, Nocturnes, etc.
(1881 - 1945)
Noted for the ethnic flavor of his classical works, he published significant studies
of Hungarian and Romanian folk music.
An interest in the folk songs of the Hungarian peasant led Bartok to travelthe countryside, collecting and recording melodies.
Compositions: Duke Bluebeard's Castle (1911), The Miraculous Mandarin (1919), Cantata Profana (1930), Concerto for Orchestra (1943)
(1882 - 1971)
He restored a healthy unwavering pulse essential to ballet; he was meticulous about degrees of articulation and emphasis;
he created a "clean" sound, with no filling in merely for the sake of filling in;
he wrote for different instrumental groupings and created a different sound in every work;
he revived musical forms from the past and he made a lasting contribution to serial, or 12-tone, music.
Compositions: The Rake's Progress, Canticum Sacrum, Threni (1958), Movements (1959), Variations (1964), Requiem Canticles (1966),
(1874 - 1951)
He was famous as the formulator of the Twelve-Tone-System of compositions
Compositions: first "atonal" music: a piano piece, Opus 11, No. 1
he composed a song cycle, das Buch der Hangenden Garten (Book of Hanging Gardens) ; in composing this work he stated that he had "broken the bonds of bygone aesthetic"
(1864 - 1949)
Although he could write beautiful melodies, and often did, in many of his compositions for orchestra, he seemed less interested in melody and more interested in injecting unusual realism into his music. to this end he often employed discordant tone combinations and asked the orchestra to produce extraordinary effects.
Compositions: Salome (1905), Der Rosenkavalier (1911), Till Eulenpiegel's Merry Pranks (1894 - 95) and Thus Spake Zarathustra (1895 - 96)
(1892 - 1974)
noted for his works for the stage.
He wrote 15 operas, 13 ballets and music for other ballets and for the cinema.
Composition: Suite Provencale,
exerted a powerful influence on younger avant - garde musicians with his innovative theories of electronic and serial music.
Although his music was increasingly mechanized, his works gave performers a large ride in determining the elements of a composition, known as chance music
Compositions: Time - Mass ( (1956), Kontake (1959 - 1960), Momente (1962), Plus-Minus (1963) and Light (1977)
MOVEMENTS ON POST ROMANTIC PERIOD and 20th CENTURY MUSIC
Difference of Romatic era to Post Romantic era
Characteristics of the Period
Mans's intensified efforts have produced electronic muisic where one does not have to be skilled composers to play electronic instruments, the instruments do the work themselves.