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Transcript of Greece
By: Olivia Mantero
Greece is located at the southeast part of Europe. It is known as a southern and western European country. It borders Albania, Belgium, and Turkey, and is bordered on it's south and western side by the Mediterranean.
Map of Greece
The number of stripes, nine to be exact, represent the number of syllables in the Greek phrase,"Eleutheria H Thanatos," which means Freedom or Death. The cross represents the Greek Orthodox church.
The Ottoman Turks, invaders from Asia, conquered the Byzantine Empire and took control of Greece. Turkish leaders ruled over Greek cities, ports and islands for several centuries after the invasion. Athens, once wealthy and powerful, became a poor farming village. In 1896, Greece held the first modern Olympics in Athens, to help build friendship among different countries. Many of the games originated in Ancient Greece, such as wrestling and discus throwing. Through 1912-1913, Greece gained the power over lands such as Crete and Southern Macedonia. In 1952, Greece joined the NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. In 2010, Greece faced a major debt crisis. To avoid bankruptcy, the country gets $61 billion from the European Union.
Government and Ruler
The current government of Greece is a Republic.The president of Greece currently is Karolos Papoulias
The current capitol of Greece is Athens
Tha largest cities in Greece are, from the most to the least, Athens, Thessaloniki, Piraeus, Pátrai, Heraklion, Lárisa, Kallithea, Lárisa, Kallithea, Kalamaria, and Nikaia.
The main languages in Greece are, of course, Greek, which is spoken by about 99.5% of the population, and there is also Turkish, which is spoken by the people of Crete.
The official religion of Greece is Greek Orthodox.
The literacy rate in Greece is:
Men-99.4%, as of 2010
Women-99.4, as of 2010
The economy of Greece is the 110th in the world, and is 40 in Europe. Greece replaced industry for agriculture as the leading source of income. Agriculture accounts for about 5% of the gross domestic product, while industry accounts for about 20%. Tourism, a part of the growing service sector, provides a very vital source of revenue. The main agricultural products are wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives and olive oil, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, and potatoes. Sheep and goats are also raised as well.
Spanakopita is served as an appetizer in Greek restaurants and homes. It is a type of pie made from phyllo dough. Spinach and feta cheese are stuffed Into the pie in layers with salt and pepper, and it is topped with another layer of phyllo
Baklava is the most famous Greek pastry. It is created from layers of flaky phyllo dough. Ground walnuts, pistachios or pecans are mixed with lots of honey or sugar syrup. The phyllo is then built up in layers, with the filling in between.
Moussaka is a famous Greek casserole with layers of vegetables, a meat sauce and a custard. Eggplant and zucchini are normaly the vegatable choices, and then layered with garlic and meat sauce, spices and sometimes nuts, and then topped with a custard.
Souvlaki, also called gyros, is famous all over the world. These come in a wide variety of styles and shapes, with lots of different ingredients. A pita is filled with beef, lamb, chicken or pork. Tomato, lettuce, red onions, olives, sprouts and other vegetables are placed on top of the meat. A tzatziki sauce (made with yogurt, cucumber and garlic) is drizzled over the souvlaki to top it off.