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Creating the Constitution

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8th Grade US History

on 12 October 2018

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Transcript of Creating the Constitution

Creating the Constitution
Creating the Constitution
Living Constitution
The Constitution called for shared powers between states and the Federal Gov't, called Federalism.
The Great Compromise
Several issues divided the delegates, some wanted small changes, others wanted to rewrite the Articles completely...not everyone agreed with this.
3/5s Compromise
Constitutional Convention
Preamble to the Constitution
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Virginia Plan
Called for a new government, bicameral legislature made up of 2 houses, chosen on the basis of state populations
New Jersey Plan
Called for a new government, unicameral legislative, or one house, states would have equal number of votes and equal voice.

Where: Philadelphia’s Independence Hall

Why: To improve the Articles of Confederation

Who: George Washington, Ben Franklin, James Madison

Missing: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Patrick Henry

What Happened: Created an entirely new Constitution and

Constitutional Convention
of 1787

Weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
In partners, answer the questions related to the Preamble to the Constitution. Be ready to share
Who would benefit?
Who would benefit?
Big states with large populations
Small States with small population
Deal Reached- Great Compromise!
The legislative branch would have 2 houses, each state, regardless of size, would have equal representation in the Senate (2 per state), or upper house. The House of Representatives would be determined based off states population (435 total).
A debate from Southern States over Representation
Compromised Reached
Why would the South want to count slaves?
Slaves would be counted as 3/5s of a person to determine population
What do you think "Living Constitution" means
The framers didn't want one branch of the government from becoming too powerful; a system of checks and balances was created.
Federalist vs Antifederalist
Antifederalist: those who opposed the Constitution
Federalist: those who supported the Constitution
Too much power to Federal gov't or not guarnteed individual rights
Offered a balance of power between various political views
Federalist Papers
Essays supporting the Constitution written anonymously by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay
Amendments: official changes
Bill of Rights: 10 amendments protecting citizens' rights
As a team, answer the question, best answer receives reward
Popular Sovereignty: political power belongs to the people

That it evolves, changes with the times, corrects omissions and injustices, and is forever improving the lives of our Citizens.
Federal Government Broken up into 3 branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Virginia Delegate- George Mason
Alexander Hamilton
Full transcript