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Women's Rights 1790-1860
Transcript of Women's Rights 1790-1860
1790-1860 A change in gender roles in America. Life for women Life for Women Antebellum Woman Treatment of Women Industrial Revolution Factories overtake women
jobs Work life for women America becoming more urban Women's Rights Movement
Education Steps towards women rights Religion Important
People Susan B. Anthony late 1700s-early 1800s Treated as husband's/father's property
Could not vote, express views on politics 1820-1870 more factories middle class attracted to factory jobs offered employment to women whose jobs they displaced promised economic independence for women known as "factory girls" Worked 6 days/week for 12-14 hours/day forbidden to form unions Usually single women paid less than men insurance and workman's compensation nonexsistant second great awakening middle class women most passionate evangelist preached about female spiritual worth women took active role in church frowned upon prejudice against women 1837 Oberlin college (OH) Mount Holyoke Seminary (MA) By: Beth Feindt-Scott, Kassidy Ferrie & Claire Wolters "They'll be educating cows next!" Women's rights convention (Seneca Falls, NY) 1848 1839 some states permit wives to own property after marriage Elizabeth Cady Stanton Knights of Labor 1st national labor union fought to get men and women equal pay Factories compensated for women whose work they displaced by...
A) guarenteeing women economic independence
B) offering women jobs at factories
C) Giving their husand's insurance and workman's compensation
D) Lowering their taxes Why was women’s education frowned upon?
A) There was no particular reason
B) People in America wanted to stick to the status quo
C) Women’s education meant there had to schools for women; the government did not want to give up money to pay for these schools.
D) Women’s education was thought to weaken women’s health and make them unfit for marriage. Which women read the Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Convention?
A) Elizabeth Cady Stanton
B) Jane Addams
C) Susan B. Anthony
D) Catherine Beecher The first labor union, the Knights of Labor, fought for…
A) Workman’s compensation
B) Equal pay for men and women
C) Putting an end to all factories, so the women, whose jobs were displaced by the factories, could have their jobs back
D) More diversity in the factories’ employment Aftermath Sexism vs. Racism 19th Amendment: gave women right to
vote. 13th Amendment: Abolished slavery. 1865 1920 *about 100 years after the beginning of the women's rights movement Short Answer Question... Compare society's view on women to their view on slaves in the antebellum period. Why do you think slavery was abolished before women got their right to vote? Others Most important job was a house keeper
Chores consisted of: cleaning, taking care of children, cooking, sewing clothes, aiding any sick husbands/children, as well as assisting husbands with farmwork
Birth as many children as possible Factories favored employing women rather than men because…
A) Factories could pay women less than they paid men
B) Men would try to take charge over the factory
C) Women did their work without any complaints, whereas men tried to form unions
D) The government told factories to employ more women so the men would keep their work on the farms and keep agriculture alive. Citations:
Kennedy, David M.; Cohen, Lizabeth, Bailey; Thomas A. The American Pageant. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006.
Bennett, Jean Hofheimer; Meltzer, Tom. Cracking the AP U.S. History Exam 2013. New York: The Princeton Review, 2012.
Newman, John J., Schmalbach, John M.,
U.S. History: Preparing for AP Examination
Second Edition 2010 revision
New York: Amsco Scool Publications, Inc, 2010.