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Decisions: Subjective vs. Objective

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Deja Taylor

on 5 May 2014

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Transcript of Decisions: Subjective vs. Objective

To what extent is decision making subjective?
Is it ethical to make decisions subjectively?
Real life situation: What role does race play in your admission to college?

Definition of terms
Subjectivity: Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, experiences, or opinions.
synonyms: personal, emotional, biased, etc. (Google definition)


Decision: a conclusion or resolution reached after consideration. (Google definition)
Decisions... decisions... decisions
To understand how subjectivity plays a role in decision making we must first understand the steps taken to make a decision.

1. Identifying/clarifying the decision to be made.
2. Identifying possible decision options.
3. Gathering/processing information.
4. Making/implementing the decision.
5. Evaluating the decision.
(source: http://myedison.tesc.edu/tescdocs/Web_Courses/EDL-530/documents/DecisionMaking_Proc.htm)
Perception
Perception is defined as a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.

There are many different factors that influence perception: attitudes, motives, interests, experiences, and expectations. A person's perceptions of others can highly affect the way they make a decision and also the decision that is made.
Our 5 senses...
Language

Language can be defined as the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Languages can affect our decisions in many ways for example in “futured languages,” like English, distinguish between the past, present and future, “future less languages,” like Chinese, use the same phrasing to describe the events of yesterday, today and tomorrow a study found that Future less language speakers are 30 percent more likely to report having saved in any given year than futured language speakers.

Source: blog.ted.com/examples-of-how-the-languages-we-speak-affect-the-way-we-think/
Additional questions: How does language shape the decisions we make?
Additional knowledge question:
What role does perception play in
decision making?
How much is our perception responsible
for our decisions?
Memory
Memory can be defined as something remembered from the past. How someone remembers something can radically change someone's actions, personality, and decisions.
additional questions: is it ethical to use memory when making decisions
since memory is unreliable?

REAL LIFE SITUATION: What role does race play in your admissions?

College admissions


Who decides your admission to college?
All colleges have their own admissions process,
but generally all applications go through the central admissions office first. If a school or department have their own admissions requirements, which are usually more limiting than the general college's admissions, then most colleges would then forward acceptable applications to that department to decide whether or not to admit the applicant to that major's program. If the application does not even pass through the main admissions office, it does not even get forwarded to the departments. Many people feel as though the admissions process into college should be as unbiased as possible yet they ask for your gender, race, and ethnicity in the application.

Should your race be a factor in college admissions?
Many people feel as though the admission process is becoming more subjective than ever Out weighing factors such as GPA, ACT/SAT scores, and recommendations over race and income. A term that widely used in the debate between race and college admissions is Affirmative action. Affirmative action is an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.
Is affirmative action ethical?
Is affirmative action bad??

Many people who are for affirmative action argue that the decision to ban the policy will further hurt underrepresented minorities and will result in a less diverse student body. People who are against affirmative action say that it's modern day racism and that colleges should focus on other factors when accepting students.


Is it possible to make unbiased decisions?

The question still remains is it possible to block out all your personal feelings and emotions when making decisions?

Should colleges ask you personal questions in their application to try to limit as much bias as possible?

Is it ethical to make decisions subjectively?


Terms
Objectivity: (of a person or their judgement) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions.
Objective Decision Making: To remove yourself from the equation by comparing and contrasting what you gathered about the subject with what others have gathered. This information should be facts and not opinions.
A.O.K's
How objective or subjective is any area of knowledge?
Do how we know or do the area of knowledge's Influence our decision making?
- In this case, we can focus on ETHICS.
- ETHICS are clearly more subjective because they deal with your own moral principles.
Who decides and how?
Who should be admitted into college?
- Is it really decided by race and if so, is it ethical?
Emotions and Perception
Is it ethical to make decisions based off of emotions and/or perception?
- You can see a lot of these subjective decisions or opinions on news channels such as CNN, Fox News, and NSNBC.
Is every choice you make based off of emotions?
- Emotions block the ability to make rational or objective decisions.
- Emotions are fear based.
Benefits of Objective Decision Making:
1. Frees you from legacy and prejudice.
2. Every decision is viewed in isolation.
3. Allows us to improve our judgement.
SOURCES
Objective vs Subjective http://www.diffen.com/difference/Objective_vs_Subjective
Are Emotions Essential for Making Rational Decisions? http://www.ted.com/conversations/15974/are_emotions_essential_for_mak_1.html
Objective decision making - are we really able to do it? http://www.prosimplified.com/objective-decision-making-are-we-really-able-to-do-it/
Subjective views on Subjective and Objective Decision Making http://www.yousetthepace.com/subjective-objective/
Full transcript