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Canadian Sheild

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Shelby Ablett

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of Canadian Sheild

Canadian Shield
-Scientist believe that the Canadian Shield was formed 2 billion years ago.
-It covers half of Canada, it is the largest region in Canada
-The Canadian Shield is rich of minerals, such as diamonds, nickel, silver, gold, and copper
-The shield has some of the biggest cities in Canada
-One of the greatest resources in the canadian shield is the furs that people trade.
- The vegetation there is very different than other places in Canada in the shield its mostly forests.
-There are more than 10 different types of trees in the Canadian Shield.
-The Canadian Shield is the only place in Canada where there is extreme temperature differences.
-There also tons of animals that live there.
-Its good for farming animals and plants.
-Two thirds of Ontario is located in the Canadian Shield.
-Is used to have a lot of volcanic activity.
-Eduard Suess named the shield in 1883.
-They have an endless supply of water for hydro electricity

- The Canadian Shield is most known for their mining of materials.
- The Canadian Shield stores huge deposits of copper, gold, silver nickel, and zinc. All of these materials fall under the non-renewable category.
- The Canadian Shield is considered as one of the world’s richest area in terms of mineral deposits.
- The land is great for water energy. - Much of the area is forested as well, so in addition to trees and other plant life, natural resources include a wide variety of wildlife.
- They have smelters near the mines and many pulp and paper mills.
- Since pulp and paper mills are so common in the area it is becoming a negative interaction with the world. Pulp and paper mills are whipping out many of the large thick forests, thereby endangering the animals that call the coniferous forests of the Canadian Shield home.
Physical Geography
- The climate varies because the Canadian Shield is such a large region.
- Cold most of the year.
- In the winter the average temperature is about –18 degrees.
- The Canadian Shield had short dry summers.
- In the summer average
temperatures are +25 degrees.
- The growing season lasts for about 120 days.
- Is the oldest part of the North American crustal plate. - Contains fossils, bacteria and algae that is 2 billion years old.
- The shield is composed of granite.
- The shield was the first part of the continent to be permanently raised above sea level.
- Erosion and continental ice sheets have created its topography.
Physical Geography
Wild Card
By: Shelby, Dylon, Montana, Juliana & Stephen
The main cities in the Canadian Shield is Sudbury, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec, Iqaluit, Thunder Bay, and Winninpeg.
The capital city of the Canadian Shield is Ottawa.
In the Canadian Shield there are approximately 22000 people who live in it, and even though it is the biggest region in Canada not very many people can call it home. Most people in the region live in Labrador, Quebec, Ontario, Eastern and Northern part of Saskatchewan, and the northeast corner of Alberta.
It is very cold in the winter seasons and most of the seasons in the canadian shield, the canadian shield region has lots of natural resources within it due to the rocky mountain ranges. Most people work in forestry industries, most of the towns in the canadian shield are located near the mines and paper mills.

what does our region look like?
the canadian shield is large are of exposed Precambrian igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks that forms the ancient geological core of the north american continent covered in a thin layer of soil. It is an area mostly composed of igneous rock which relates to its long volcanic history. It has a deep, common, joined bedrock region in the Eastern and central Canada and stretches North from the Great Lakes to the Arctic Ocean, covering over half of Canada; it also extends South into the Northern reaches of the United States. Human population is sparse, and industrial development is minimal,while mining is very prevalent.
the Canadian Shield is covered in trees, deciduous and coniferous. The vast forests consist of mainly Birch, Aspen, Tamarack, Spruce, Willow, Hemlock and Pine trees. The Canadian Shield region is known worldwide for its beautiful falls, where you can find leaves of any colour scattered about. Some more of the plants and trees that grow are the Jack Pine, Marsh reed grass, Swamp Laurel, Black Spruce and Bearburry. The forests are mainly Boreal or Taiga which means they are distinguished by long cold winters and short hot summers. Boreal forests are what separate the Arctic Tundra from the Canadian Shield
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