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Chaparral Biome

Nate Faust and Claudia Leitzmann
by

Claudia Leitzmann

on 28 April 2011

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Transcript of Chaparral Biome

Chaparral The chaparral biome is a terrestrial shrubland or heathland plant community. This biome is also the smallest biome on the Earth. This The locations in red
show the chaparral
biomes across the world. Chaparrals are located almost everycontinent. Usually, they are found 30 to 40 degrees below and above the equator. The largest chaparral biomes are located in Baja California, and the Mediterranean Region of Europe. The red areas show where the biome is located throughout the world. The largest chaparrals are located in Baja California and the Mediterranean region. The smallest biome and has unique, densely packed plants. Maquis in Europe Chomiso-Redshark in California Garlingue in California Montone in California Molle can be mixed and in multiple locations. Temperature The summer is very dry and over 100 degrees F, and the winter drops below freezing. The winter has a thin frost layer that covers the ground. This biome is usually found in hot, dry climates or cool, wet climates. It's usually found between deserts and forests. Precipitation Rainfall - The rainy season begins in November and ends in late May. During the summer, thet climate is dry with little precipitation with a temperature at least 100 d.F. During the winter, it is cold and wet. Abiotic Factors Threats to the chaparral: - developement of homes and
cities by people - air pollution from cities and fossil fuels - over hunting of animals living there - the dangerous habitat overlap
between the chaprral and humans - Soil - has very little nutrients and is thin
-There's a mixture of sand and rock as
well. Biome Both plants and animals adapted to survive during droughts.
-Plants are fire resistant, and regenerate after a fire.
-The forest is dwarfed to hold in moisture. Invasive Species The Spanish Broom is originally from the Mediterranean region. It was introduced to the biome from traders, and it inhibits other species of plants to grow because of it's densely packed groups. Symbiotic
Relationships Another form of symbiosis is between the yucca plant andthe yucca moth. Commensalism - Red-winged black bird eats seeds of the Torrey Pine This is a form of mutualism symbiosis. The moth gets food from the plant's nectar, and the plant gets pollinated from the moth so it can reproduce. Cool Fact! Parasitism - The Brewer's black bird has parasites living off of it. This type of biome is
formed when humans
destroy forests and
soil loses its
nutrients! Food Web of the
Chaparral This shows a typical food web of the biome. Animals have also adapted to life here as well:

the grysbok has evolved to be short to get into dense dwarf forests for food

Mutualism - Common Sage Brush and Blue Oak both grow together helping one another. Different Types There are 5 different types of chaparral. They are the same except for their location. They are:
Maquis (Europe)
Chamiso-Redshank (CA)
Montane (CA)
Mallee (CA) [elevated] All of these types can be mixed into various combinations as well.
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