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Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

Comparison
by

Walter Newcomb

on 13 April 2012

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Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

Martin Luther King Jr
and
Malcolm X

Martin Luther King Jr
Born in Georgia
Father was a Baptist Minister
Studied at Morehouse College and Cozer Theological Seminary
King was influenced by Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence
He felt a need to fight for civil rights and social justice.
Actions taken:
Organized the Montgomery Improvement Association
Founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Involved in the Albany Movement
Initiated Birmingham Campaign
March on Washington - "I Have A Dream"
Leading figure in Selma Campaign
Initiated Poor People's Campaign
Assassinated April 4, 1968
Malcolm X
Born Malcolm Little in Nebraska.
Malcolm's father killed by white supremacists.
Malcolm's mother was committed to an insane asylum.
He left school and moved to Boston.
He engaged in crime and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
He joined the Nation of Islam in prison.
He adopted the name Malcolm X .
He was influenced by Elijah Muhammed.
He believed in racial separation, self-determination, and rejected nonviolence as a means to achieve equality.
He was able to reach the disenfranchised.
Transformation:
Suspended by Muhammed for remarks made about Kennedy.
Critical of MLK Jr. non-violence.
Split with the Nation of Islam.
Took a pilgrimage to Mecca.
HE rejected the racial theology of the Nation of Islam.
Established the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
Assassinated February 21, 1965.
Witnessed prejudice.
Experienced jailings, death threats, and bombings.
Commonalities
Religious leaders
Advocated for the advancement of African Americans.
Desired self-determination and equality.
Died violently - assassinated!
Full transcript