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Copy of London Docklands

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Juliette Imbert

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of London Docklands

London
Docklands
during WWII London Docklands The evolution since WWII The beginning of the war The docks, main target of German bombing because :
commercial center of the country
the Luftwaffe wanted to paralyze the trade
They bombed warehouses,
wharves, railways, factories.

25 000 bombs fell on the Docklands. A German map of Silvertown and the Royal Docks area, February 1941. The "Blitz" The Blitz began on Saturday 7 September 1940,
first night of the "Blitz" called "Black Saturday" in homage to the 448 London residents killed during this night. Over 1 000 bombs fell on the Surrey docks.
The fire destroyed the docks and industrial centers.
German tried to destroy the bridges of the Surrey Docks.

The town was on fire a whole week.
1/3 of the warehouses and 100 hectares were destroyed around Surrey Docks. Looking towards the fires in the East End from Tower Bridge on 7 September 1940. After the "Blitz" Main campaign until the 10 May 1941.
During the "Blitz" :
700 tons of explosives
1 500 dead
1 800 wounded
shops and homes destroyed (1/2 of the houses of East End)
psychological trauma End of The wish to rebuild the docks : the beginning of the reconstruction Government took measures :
it rebuilt East End (EFMBs)
1945-1965: 8 000 new homes in the borough of Newham
The docks preserved exportation and importation, participated in the war effort. The reparation of the docks took years because every part of the system had suffered.
The dock system was rebuilt and, in the mid-50's, it was "business as usual". Mainly used websites :

http://www.dockland.co.uk/Information-About-London-Docklands/About-Docklands.html

http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/ConImageMap.5/Londons-Docks.html The beginning of the war The docks, main target of German bombing because :
commercial center of the country
the Luftwaffe wanted to paralyze the trade
They bombed warehouses,
wharves, railways, factories.

25 000 bombs fell on the Docklands. A German map of Silvertown and the Royal Docks area, February 1941. The "Blitz" lasted until the 10 May 1941. During the "Blitz" :
700 tons of explosives
1 500 dead
1 800 wounded
shops and homes destroyed
psychological trauma
1/2 of the houses of East End destroyed Map of London Docklands Rebuilding
the docks
50's-60's Rehabilitating the docks
70's-nowadays Some elements about docklands large area of East London, north of the Thames, next to the City.
part of the borough of Southwark, Tower Hamlets and Greenwich, of the old London harbour (important in marine trade in the 19th century).

The different sorts of docks :
"wet docks" : area where cargoes are loaded
"dry docks" : area where ships are repaired
"dockyards" : area on the riverside
The docks offered work for many people but most of them were unskilled and worked casually.
Full transcript