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Environment Law

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by

Mahad Khn

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Environment Law

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Why are we Here...
Scope of Environmental Law
Unlike other laws there aren't any set boundaries for environmental law and there is no definitive list of laws, which tell us about the number of laws that fall under the umbrella of environmental metric.
Environment Issue
air Quality
Basel Convention 1989
International treaty that prevents the movement of hazardous waste between nations, especially from developed countries to under developed countries

Aims to protect the human health and the environment against the adverse affect of hazardous waste

There is crime in this world for that we have
CRIMINAL LAW...
For Contracts we have

CONTRACT LAW...
so mostly for everything that effects human beings in one way or another we have a law for that
so we have an environment RIGHT do we have
a law for that as well?
Yes we do and its called
What is Environmental Law ?
Environmental law is a collective term describing international treaties, conventions, statutes, regulations, and common law or national legislation that operates to regulate the interaction of humanity and the natural environment, toward the purpose of reducing the impacts of human activity.
Aims of Environmental law
Protection
Conservation
Management
Improvement
water Quality
climate Change
agriculture
biodiversity
species protection
pesticides
hazardous chemicals
waste management
contaminated land
natural resources
public lands
Generation and Management

Trans-boundary movement
Disposal

Kyoto Protocol
Green the Countries taking part in the treaty
Grey hasn't decided yet
Reds are not participating

Kyoto Protocol 1997
Treaty that binds nation to lower their Green House Gases this treaty includes both under develop and developed economies.
This protocol introduced such mechanism which led to considerable decrease in carbon emission, it also formed the 'carbon market'
These Mechanism were cost effective in the reduction of gas emission or to remove carbon from other countries
Emission Trading
The Clean Development Mechanism

Joint Implementation
Montreal
Protocol
1987
Is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by stopping or minimizing the production of substances which are responsible for ozone depletion

Phase Out Management Plan of
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
Term and Purpose
Problems faced by Pakistan
biodiversity loss
land degradation
soil erosion
air pollution
water pollution
deforestation
climate change
solid waste
wasteful consumption
fossil fuel
poaching
endangered species
illegal trade
weak policy
hazardous waste
global warming
urbanization
population explosion
illiteracy

inefficient agriculture
weak laws
poor water management
lack of afforestation
over harvesting

UN Stockholm Conference on Environment and Development

1972
Considered as the start of the modern political and
public awareness about Global environment problems.
A declaration with 26 principles.
Conventions attended by Pakistan
1951
International Plant Protection Convention
The aim was to prevent and to control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products
PAKISTAN PLANT QUARANTINE ACT, 1976
is an enactment of International Plant Protection Convention
The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat- RAMSAR (2 Feb. Intl. Wetland Day)

The United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea
The Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animal
The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity- UNCBD
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UN-FCCC
The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of Ozone Layer
P
E
P
A
PAKISTAN
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY

Began operation in 1997
Its under the jurisdiction of Ministry Of Environment
Its main objective is to protect the human health and environment.
It writes and enforces regulation based on laws passed by Parliament.
Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency responsible to implement the
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997
in the country.
An Act to provide for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment, for the prevention and control of pollution, and promotion of sustainable development.
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
and
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
Laws In Pakistan
Solid Waste Management
affects the human health and natural resources
Hospital Waste Management Rules, 2005
Things Still To Be Done
Basic Recycling Rules
Waste Management Rules
E-waste Management Rules
Laws For Environmentally Sound Collection and Disposal
Guidelines For model landfill site
Deforestation
is a big problem in Pakistan and
the whole world.
Pakistan has the highest rate of deforestation in Asia(WWF-Report)
THE CUTTING OF TREES (PROHIBITION) ACT, 1992
the current deforestation rate is 2.1 per cent and
if it continues than by 2015 deforestation will
increase by 2.5 to 6 per cent.
WATER
Our body consist of
75%
of the water
and
79%
water sources in Punjab supplying unsafe drinking water: PCRWR(Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources)
One of the major reason of water getting polluted
is improper solid waste management
Toxin waste of factories not getting disposed properly is one of the major concerns.

KASUR
tyrannies in an Example and it can be related to
LOVE CANAL
.
Laws on Solid Waste
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1934(1997)
Should be followed to the letter.
AIR POLLUTION
Pakistan has everything that Air Pollution needs.
Emission from Industry
Emission from vehicles
Burning Solid Waste
Natural Dust
Pakistan Vehicles
Emit
25 Times
More
Carbon Monoxide
then in the
US
.
The National Conservation Strategy Report Claims
Punjabs
Suspended Particulate Maters is 2-4

times
higher thn WHO guidlines (Punjab-EPA,PCSIR
Pakistan Clean Air Programme CAP
P
Introducing two measures for controlling air pollution
Short Term Measures
Long Term Measures
Activity Area
Welcome To Eco-Internship
International Conventions
Eco Internship Conference Of Parties
LAW LESS ENVIRONMENT
Mahad Khan
WWF-PAKISTAN
Full transcript