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Transcript of Environment Law
Why are we Here...
Scope of Environmental Law
Unlike other laws there aren't any set boundaries for environmental law and there is no definitive list of laws, which tell us about the number of laws that fall under the umbrella of environmental metric.
Basel Convention 1989
International treaty that prevents the movement of hazardous waste between nations, especially from developed countries to under developed countries
Aims to protect the human health and the environment against the adverse affect of hazardous waste
There is crime in this world for that we have
For Contracts we have
so mostly for everything that effects human beings in one way or another we have a law for that
so we have an environment RIGHT do we have
a law for that as well?
Yes we do and its called
What is Environmental Law ?
Environmental law is a collective term describing international treaties, conventions, statutes, regulations, and common law or national legislation that operates to regulate the interaction of humanity and the natural environment, toward the purpose of reducing the impacts of human activity.
Aims of Environmental law
Generation and Management
Green the Countries taking part in the treaty
Grey hasn't decided yet
Reds are not participating
Kyoto Protocol 1997
Treaty that binds nation to lower their Green House Gases this treaty includes both under develop and developed economies.
This protocol introduced such mechanism which led to considerable decrease in carbon emission, it also formed the 'carbon market'
These Mechanism were cost effective in the reduction of gas emission or to remove carbon from other countries
The Clean Development Mechanism
Is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by stopping or minimizing the production of substances which are responsible for ozone depletion
Phase Out Management Plan of
Term and Purpose
Problems faced by Pakistan
poor water management
lack of afforestation
UN Stockholm Conference on Environment and Development
Considered as the start of the modern political and
public awareness about Global environment problems.
A declaration with 26 principles.
Conventions attended by Pakistan
International Plant Protection Convention
The aim was to prevent and to control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products
PAKISTAN PLANT QUARANTINE ACT, 1976
is an enactment of International Plant Protection Convention
The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat- RAMSAR (2 Feb. Intl. Wetland Day)
The United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea
The Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animal
The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity- UNCBD
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UN-FCCC
The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
The Vienna Convention for the Protection of Ozone Layer
Began operation in 1997
Its under the jurisdiction of Ministry Of Environment
Its main objective is to protect the human health and environment.
It writes and enforces regulation based on laws passed by Parliament.
Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency responsible to implement the
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997
in the country.
An Act to provide for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment, for the prevention and control of pollution, and promotion of sustainable development.
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
Laws In Pakistan
Solid Waste Management
affects the human health and natural resources
Hospital Waste Management Rules, 2005
Things Still To Be Done
Basic Recycling Rules
Waste Management Rules
E-waste Management Rules
Laws For Environmentally Sound Collection and Disposal
Guidelines For model landfill site
is a big problem in Pakistan and
the whole world.
Pakistan has the highest rate of deforestation in Asia(WWF-Report)
THE CUTTING OF TREES (PROHIBITION) ACT, 1992
the current deforestation rate is 2.1 per cent and
if it continues than by 2015 deforestation will
increase by 2.5 to 6 per cent.
Our body consist of
of the water
water sources in Punjab supplying unsafe drinking water: PCRWR(Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources)
One of the major reason of water getting polluted
is improper solid waste management
Toxin waste of factories not getting disposed properly is one of the major concerns.
tyrannies in an Example and it can be related to
Laws on Solid Waste
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1934(1997)
Should be followed to the letter.
Pakistan has everything that Air Pollution needs.
Emission from Industry
Emission from vehicles
Burning Solid Waste
then in the
The National Conservation Strategy Report Claims
Suspended Particulate Maters is 2-4
higher thn WHO guidlines (Punjab-EPA,PCSIR
Pakistan Clean Air Programme CAP
Introducing two measures for controlling air pollution
Short Term Measures
Long Term Measures
Welcome To Eco-Internship
Eco Internship Conference Of Parties
LAW LESS ENVIRONMENT