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Short-Stories Concept Map - Molly Keplinger & Sydney Wissmann
Transcript of Short-Stories Concept Map - Molly Keplinger & Sydney Wissmann
The Rules of the Game
The Scarlet Ibis
The Most Dangerous Game
By Richard Connel
The Cask of Amontillado
Edgar Allen Poe
Short Stories Concept Map
The Minister's Black Veil
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
By Amy Tan
FIRST PERSON POINT OF VIEW
3RD PERSON POINT OF VIEW
"Hardly. Even cannibals wouldn't live in such a God-forsaken place. But it's gotten into sailor lore, somehow. Didn't you notice that the crew's nerves seemed a bit jumpy today?"
The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connel uses the literary aspect of Foreshadowing throughout the short story. Near the beginning, Connel Whitney and Raincord express their observations of the fellow sailors beginning to grow tense as they got closer to the dreaded island. "Yes, even that tough-minded old Swede, who'd go up to the devil himself and ask him for a light. Those fishy blue eyes held a look I never saw there before." As well as what is quoted above by Whitney about being known for being a "God-forsaken" place.
'Rainsford did not smile. "I am still a beast at bay," he said, in a low, hoarse voice. "Get ready, General Zaroff."'
"The general made one of his deepest bows. "I see," he said. "Splendid! One of us is to furnish a repast for the hounds. The other will sleep in this very excellent bed. On guard, Rainsford." . . .
He had never slept in a better bed, Rainsford decided."
"Hunting? Great Guns, General Zaroff, what you speak of is murder."
The general laughed with entire good nature. He regarded Rainsford quizzically. "I refuse to believe that so modern and civilized a young man as you seem to be harbors romantic ideas about the value of human life. Surely your experiences in the war--"
"Did not make me condone cold-blooded murder," finished Rainsford stiffly.
The narrator, Meimei, changes throughout the course of the story. At first, she is a "nobody", but she slowly advances in the game of chess until she excels at it and beats many good players. She is no longer expected to do chores or finish all her food, and went from visiting the park to play chess to going directly home and studying the game intensively. Her attitude becomes a bit different, such as when she is embarrassed by her mother. That had not happened before chess was a big part of Meimei's life in the story.
Meimei squabbles with her mother in much of the story. Mainly, Meimei is embarrassed by her mother, while her mother is proud and wishes to show her off.
"One day after we left a shop I said under my breath, 'I wish you wouldn't do that, telling everybody I'm your daughter.' My mother stopped walking.
Crowds of people with heavy bags pushed past us on the sidewalk, bumping into first one shoulder, than another.
'Aii-ya. So shame be with mother?' She grasped my hand even tighter as she glared at me.
I looked down. 'It's not that, it's just so obvious. It's just so embarrassing.'
'Embarrass you be my daughter?' Her voice was cracking with anger" (Tan 5).
In a short amount of writing, the reader is presented with the history Meimei's life up until the point where chess comes into her life. Since it is in first person, we only see one side of Meimei, as she puts herself in a good light, whereas her mother may not see how Meimei understands things.
"My mother imparted her daily truths so she could help my older brothers and me rise above our circumstances. We lived in San Francisco's Chinatown. Like most of the other Chinese children who played in the back alleys of restaurants and curio shops, I didn't think we were poor" (Tan 1).
"Thank you, I'm a hunter, not a murderer."
Revenge conquers even the highest of men
"The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge."
The story has two round characters in it: Doodle and the narrator, who is Doodle's older brother. We know their looks (for example, we know that Doodle appears frail and sickly, and has trouble with physical coordination) and their personalities (Doodle is a bit skittish and hesitant, as well as level-headed and more tame than his brother).
"[Doodle] seemed all head, with a tiny body which was red and shriveled like an old man's. Everybody thought he was going to die" (Hurst 1).
The narrator, Doodle's brother, seems to be conflicted with himself. He wants a brother that can run and play, a regular old brother, but instead he gets Doodle. At first, he is unsure what to do. Smother Doode with a pillow? Ignore him? In the end, he chooses to try and make Doodle the brother he always longed for, and ultimately it leads to his brother's death.
The main character, Peyton, seems to try to motivate himself to attempt to return to his family after being hanged on Owl Creek Bridge for tampering with the Feds' battalion that resides there. This motivation leads to him imagining his escape and running home to safety, when in reality he is dying. Thus, his motivation of thinking of his wife and children makes him hallucinate during his final moments alive.
"The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge... My heart grew sick; it was the dampness of the catacombs that made it so. I hastened to make an end of my labour. I forced the last stone into its position; I plastered it up. Against the new masonry I re-erected the old rampart of bones. For the half of a century no mortal has disturbed them. In pace requiescat!"
I have my doubts," I replied; "and I was silly enough to pay the full Amontillado price without consulting you in the matter. You were not to be found, and I was fearful of losing a bargain."
"THE SEXTON stood in the porch of Milford meeting-house, pulling busily at the bell-rope. The old people of the village came stooping along the street. Children, with bright faces, tripped merrily beside their parents, or mimicked a graver gait, in the conscious dignity of their Sunday clothes. Spruce bachelors looked sidelong at the pretty maidens, and fancied that the Sabbath sunshine made them prettier than on week days. When the throng had mostly streamed into the porch, the sexton began to toll the bell, keeping his eye on the Reverend Mr. Hooper's door. The first glimpse of the clergyman's figure was the signal for the bell to cease its summons."
That night, the handsomest couple in Milford village were to be joined in wedlock. Though reckoned a melancholy man, Mr. Hooper had a placid cheerfulness for such occasions, which often excited a sympathetic smile where livelier merriment would have been thrown away. There was no quality of his disposition which made him more beloved than this. The company at the wedding awaited his arrival with impatience, trusting that the strange awe, which had gathered over him throughout the day, would now be dispelled.
"The clergyman stepped into the room where the corpse was laid, and bent over the coffin, to take a last farewell of his deceased parishioner. As he stooped, the veil hung straight down from his forehead, so that, if her eyelids had not been closed forever, the dead maiden might have seen his face. Could Mr. Hooper be fearful of her glance, that he so hastily caught back the black veil? A person who watched the interview between the dead and living, scrupled not to affirm, that, at the instant when the clergyman's features were disclosed, the corpse had slightly shuddered, rustling the shroud and muslin cap, though the countenance retained the composure of death."
Doodle's parents named him William Armstrong. Which was a famous name in that time period. An allusion is a "an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference" and without directly mentioning him, they named him after the famous Armstrong.
This leaves a cliffhanger to readers because the fight was left out leaving imagination to run wild. A cliffhanger is when an author leaves details and events out of a story to leave the reader "hanging". This is portrayed in the above quotation from the book.
The above quotation from the short story, The Most Dangerous Game, shows the character Rainsford's climax point. It is the most interesting and dramatic point of his characterization. Not only does the reader realize Rainsford is not dead, but he is serious about seeking his revenge and will battle to do whats right. He also refers to himself as "a beast at bay" which in the beginning of the story he reveals beasts have no emotions and are on earth to be hunted by the hunter.
General Zarrof is the antagonists in the story because not only is he a "cold-blooded murderer" but he is keeping Rainsford on this island just for the sport of hunting him. He also has done this many times before which is revealed before the hunt. He is the main character, Rainsford's, enemy, making him the protagonist's antagonist.
Rainsford is the protagonist in the story because he is the "the leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text." He fights against General Zarrof and in the end defeats him in a battle. He is revealed as the "good guy" due to his refusing to hunt humans and his dramatic change of how animals should be treated during the hunt. He became the hunted which changed his view on the hunter.
Revenge conquers even the highest of men is the theme of this short story because in the story the main character seeks as low as killing Fortunato because he wanted revenge for the "thousand injuries" he received from Fortunato. Even this exxageration of Fortunato's harm caused the narrator to do a deed unthinkable to many. This can also be used in many other novels and stories because revenge can conquer anyone and make them do terrible things.
The above quotation is an example of Verbal Irony because the main character "says or writes one thing and means another". He tells Fortunato that he will lead him into the cellar for wine but kills him instead. He uses this method to trick him in order to get revenge.
The main character is revealed as a static character because he does not change throughout the story. He has the same plan as the beginning and executes it till the end. No thoughts, emotions, or morals were changed.
The story of The Minister's Black Veil is writen in third person because no use of I's, me's, or we's were used outside quotations. A random exceerpt above shows this. The reason the author used third person instead of first person was to show the thoughts and actions of all the towns people and Mr. Hooper. With first person, the reason for Mr. Hooper to wear the veil would have been known and the meaning behind the story would have been lost.
The setting of The Ministers Black Veil is in Milford within the New England Territory. In this area religious beliefs were huge and it is also in the same region as The Salem Witch trails. This means that people often judged people and accussed them for doing dreaded things just for simple things like wearing a black veil.
Throughout The Minister's Black Veil, a dreary, supernatural mood is portrayed. Like the passage above, the author uses words such as black, death, fear, dead, coffin, deceased, and corpse. The mood of the story is what makes it a gothic tale.
As [Peyton] is about to clasp [his wife] he feels a stunning blow upon the back of the neck; a blinding white light blazes all about him with a sound like the shock of a cannon--then all is darkness and silence!
Peyton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge (Bierce 1).
This shows situational irony because Peyton believes he has escaped from be hanged, but just as he hugs his wife, reality proves that he has all along imagined everything and was hanged.
"Then all at once, with terrible suddenness, the light about [Peyton] shot upward with the noise of a loud splash; a frightful roaring was in his ears, and all was cold and dark. The power of thought was restored; he knew that the rope had broken and he had fallen into the stream" (Bierce 1).
This quote uses the senses of sound (splash, noise, roaring), touch (cold), and sight (light shot upward, dark).
The soldiers are flat characters in the story. They are not described nor mentioned often, and the reader knows little about them. They are simply there to fill a role in the story, unlike the main character, which "An Occurance at Owl Creek Bridge" is all about. Peyton's family could also be flat, as we know even less about them versus the soldiers.
Montresor is the protagonist in "The Cask of Amontillado." Despite being considered evil and unreliable by most readers, he is the main character, and probably the most important one. He is the one that makes the story possible; without him, there would be no crime of murdering Fortunato, and since the story revolves around that, there would be no story.
"'There is an hour to come,' said [Father Hooper], 'when all of us shall cast aside our veils. Take it not amiss, beloved friend, if I wear this piece of crape till then. Know, then, this veil is a type and a symbol, and I am bound to wear it ever, both in light and darkness, in solitude and before the gaze of multitudes, and as with strangers, so with my familiar friends... This dismal shade must separate me from the world' (Hawthorne 6).
The quote shows that Father Hooper is wearing the veil to prove a point about sin; we all have done wrong and we all wear veils, but he has simply found a physical one. It symbolizes darkness, hatred, and sin.