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Stage 3: The Cult of Athleticism

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daniel judge

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Stage 3: The Cult of Athleticism

Stage 3: The Cult of Athleticism
Aims and Objectives
Define Athleticism an give a definition of its values.
Describe the influence of the melting pot and the standardization of rules.
Explain the roles of ex-pupils and their impact on games and society.
Investigate the emergence of athleticism in girls public schools.
Recap of Stage 1 and 2 - Question cards
Take 2 question cards each.
Take turns to explain the term on your first card, then do the same for your second card.
Athleticism -
A combination of physical endeavour (trying hard) with moral integrity (honour, truthfulness and sportsmanship).


Cult -
A craze or obsession.
Definitions
Society and the reflection on Public Schools
Society
British Empire - Military drill
FA founded - 1863
Clarendon Report - 1864
Structure
Headmasters encouraged participation, not just for free time.
Facilities developed

'Games became compulsory, organised and eulogised at all leading public schools' (Newsome, 1961)
Compulsory Physical Activity and provision
Harrow - Games made compulsory.
Clifton - Cricket made compulsory.
Uppingham - Gymnasium built and games committee formed.
Physical Activity and Technical Development
Organisation - Codification, fixtures (inter-form/school)
Formation of NGBs - Old Boys
Encouraged by Headmaster
Time, space and expertise available
Melting Pot - Standardisation of rules
Character Development (PIES!!)
Physical - participation increased health and skill.
Intellectual - develop organisation, management skills.
Emotional - need for Independence and teamwork
Social - Loyalty to house, school and country
Values
Fair play
Appreciation of exercise
Competitive experience (for society)
Developed 'All rounders'
Old Boys Societies
Financial generosity
Assistant Masters
Oxbridge Blue
Group Work - Discussion
In pairs discuss and compare stage 3, with stages 1, 2 and today.
What was similar? What was different?
Consider - a)
Development of activity
b)
Character development
c)
Values
Girls Athleticism
Why was development delayed?
Seen as a threat to educate women
Revealing clothes
Study to suit role in society
Unladylike
Medical concerns
Physically inferior
Pioneers of female PE
Frances Mary Buss
Founded North London Collegiate School and Camden School for Girls.
Dorothea Beale
Transformed Cheltenham Ladies College into an esteemed school for upper and middle-class girls.
Martina Bergman Osterberg
Founded the first full-time specialist PE college for women in Dartford.
Spread of Games and Boys Entering Society
Teachers
Industrialists
Parents
Politicians
Community Members
Army Officers
Vicars/Priests
Group work - Discussion
In pairs, discuss 3 of the jobs ex pupils became after leaving public school.
Consider a)
Why boys were suited to the job
b)
How this helped the spread of games

Homework - Exam Question
Define athleticism and explain the expansion of sports and games during stage three. Describe one way in which physical activity of young people in schools today is still influenced by the public schools of the nineteenth century. (5)
Define Athleticism an give a definition of its values.
Describe the influence of the melting pot and the standardization of rules.
Explain the roles of ex-pupils and their impact on games and society.
Investigate the emergence of athleticism in girls public schools.
Aims and Objectives
Full transcript