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Unification of China

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Steph Gorges

on 10 July 2016

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Transcript of Unification of China

What do we do?
{Warring States Period}
Schools of Thought
551-479 BCE
Kong Fuzi - born during Zhou decline
Believed his ideas would bring order and sought political positions
Turned to be a teacher with disciples
No political unity - warfare between groups
Invasions from outsiders
Followers of Confucius wrote down his sayings & teachings - known as
Beliefs were very practical (not religious or philosophical)
Solution to
Political Disorder
Good government =
Educated officials
Conscientious (moral) officials
Respect for social hierarchies & traditions
Believed people were good
Ren and benevolent gov't
Gov't policies:
Light taxes
Avoid wars
Believed people were selfish
Focus on 'li'
Gov't policies:
Clear standards/laws
Different Interpretations of Confucian Thought:
How did Mencius differ from Xunzi?
Somewhat historical & legendary
"Wrote" the Daodejing
The Dao = "the way of nature"
Passive and often spoken of negatively
Goal = live in harmony with the "dao"
Solution to Warring States:
Cease trying to fix the gov't
Live as simple as possible
Less gov't is better
'Wuwei' - act by not acting
Refrain from education
Self sufficient communities
Ren - kindness
Li - manners
Xiao - filial piety
(respect for elders/
parents & obedience)
Han Fei
Political philosopher
who wrote about legalism
Legalist Beliefs:
Evil nature of humans
Clear, strict laws - "legalist"
Harsh penalties
Focus on military and agriculture (not other roles in society)
Solution to Warring States:
Strong, strict laws with harsh penalties
Policies actually put an end to Warring States period
What were the three
schools of thought
that emerged during
the Warring States period?
If this happened in the United States, what would be the best way to regain unified rule?
5 Key Relationships
Ruler and subject
Father and son
Older brother and younger brother
Husband and wife
Friend and friend
Family = most important unit in Chinese society
Opposite forces are actually complementary
Full transcript