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Transcript of Fundamental Five
Examples of Products for Language Arts
I will classify the words of a sentence into the parts of speech
The Fundamental Five are five critical practices that are at the core of highly effective instruction.
It is stated that the use of Fundamental 5 can improve performance for every type, age and group of student.
It helps struggling students survive and compete in academic settings, addressing many RTI Tier 1 concerns.
It assists academically stronger students in achieving at higher levels.
1. Frame the Lesson
The beginning (We will) and the end (I will)
The 2 parts are the daily learning objective and the closing, which is a task or product
Bloom's Taxonomy Wheel
The PRODUCT requires students to use higher order thinking at the application stage or higher.
These practices are:
Frame the Lesson
Work in the Power Zone
Frequent, small group, purposeful talk about the learning
Recognize and Reinforce
EXAMPLE 1: We will identify the components of an effective lesson frame.
EXAMPLE 2: I will create and share a lesson frame with my table group.
THE LESSON FRAME SHOULD BE POSTED IN CLASSROOM FOR ALL TO SEE AND REFER BACK TO.
Robert Mager, in his book Preparing Instructional Objectives, describes an objective as "a collection of words and/or pictures and diagrams intended to let others know what you intend for your students to achieve" (pg. 3).
completed by student
done the last 5 minutes of class or the end of a lesson
a finale check for understanding
looked at daly by teacher to guide future instruction
likely to increase the for a student to retain important information
proof for the teacher that learning has occured
A product is NOT
test or quiz
designed to be graded daily
usually done in a group
usually verbal except as appropriate in lower levels
The Formula for Quality Instruction
I will describe the procedures of a formal debate.
I will create a sentence using a simile.
Examples of Products for Science
Given several examples of each, I will classify materials according to their physical properties as gas, liquid, or solid.
I will estimate the amount of heat given off by one liter of air compressed to one-half its original volume.
From a description of the climate and soils of an area, I will predict the plant ecology of the area.
Address unwanted behavior immediately
Connect with students personally
Show genuine interest
Build rapport faster
Monitor and adjust personal instruction
Improve student retention
Student achievement increases
Provide immediate feedback
Differentiate when needed
3. Frequent, Small-Group Purposeful Talk
SEED QUESTION: Practice of using pre-planned questions that guide student conversations toward the desired learning outcome.
Why should we stop & talk purposefully?
It can stretch the rigor & relevance of the lesson
Allows for differentiated instruction
Cements the learning for some
Peer tutoring for those who don’t get it
Keeps students actively engaged in learning
Make a big deal of the small things such as:
A low performing student scores well on a test
A student who never turns in HW turns it in
Personalize and Be specific
4. Recognize and Reinforce
provides students with motivation to continue pursuing academic success, and
the work builds habits which allows for improvement in student performance.
Critical writing is defined as writing for the purpose of organizing, clarifying, defending, refuting, analyzing, dissecting, connecting, and/or expanding on ideas or concepts
It can be a short paragraph, a quick summary, a mind map, or a written “exit” ticket
It is NOT copying or a fill in the blank activity
5. Writing Critically