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Seminar 4 - Far Right
Transcript of Seminar 4 - Far Right
2. What factors best explain the strength of the radical right in the public domain, cross-nationally, ‘grievances’ or ‘opportunities’?
3. Do specific national traditions of citizenship shape the potential for far right ‘success’? Readings ‘Elites and the ‘organised public’: who drives British immigration politics and in which direction? Statham & Geddes (2006)
People react to perceived reality
Examines role of the organised public in British immigration politics (asylum).
National elites drive politics and policy
The extreme right: ethnic competition or political space? Koopmans, R., Statham, P., Giugni, M. and Passy, F. (2005)
Explaining variations in xenophobic claims and mobilization of the extreme right in five countries.
Combining cultural and spatial dimensions, creating four opportunity settings for mobilization
National configurations of citizenship matter.
Relationship between far right parties and extremist extraparliamentary mobilization Who makes immigration politics? State Actors: political parties, the cabinet, Home Office, government agencies (elite actors)
"Organized public" - NGOs and civil society
Supranational actors: EU, UNHCR (conventions)
Public debates Adrian Farvell Integration policies:
basic legal and social protection;
naturalization and citizenship (or residency-based) rights;
formal equal opportunities positive action;
the creation of corporatist and associational structures for immigrant or ethnic organizations;
the redistribution of targeted socioeconomic funds for minorities in deprived areas;
policy on public housing;
policy on law and order;
multicultural education policy;
policies and laws on tolerating cultural practices;
cultural funding for ethnic associations or religious organizations;
language and cultural courses in the host society’s culture, Media - a neutral actor? Media- what is it?
‘...the right-wing press tends to focus on the problems minorities and immigrants are seen to create (in housing, schooling, unemployment, crime etc.), whereas the more liberal press (also) focuses on the problems minorities have (poverty, discrimination), but which we (white liberals) do something about’ (van Dijk)
Ethnic minorities presented in negative light (Hartman and Husband, 1974)
Moral panics and events (Cohen; Erjavec, 2003)
Conflation of terms
‘through the effect of the mass media on society and the relations of power and resistance, immigration as a threat and a security concern has become the hegemonic discourse type’ (Buofino) Traditions of citizenship: Germany:
"Kulturnation" - cultural unity predates political unity
Ethnic definition of nationhood - the "Volk"
Cultural, racially and linguistic definition of the nation
Jus Sanguinis (since 1999 - Jus Soli)
Differentialism - segregationist
Civic understanding of citizenship,
against group rights (religious symbols in the public sphere, head scarves, cultural or religious demands are seen as threatening to universalism)
Emphasis on political participation/rights as opposed to social, economic or cultural rights
Sovereignty vs citizenship
Multiculturalism - move towards assimilationist
Imperial history Claims-making and Immigration in the media Ideal types of Integration Assimilationist/Universalist - civic - disregards cultural, racial or religious differences, outsiders should adapt to the majority culture
Segregationist - "equal" but separate
Multiculturalist - mutual process of adaptation host and migrant - melting pot
Jus Sanguinis Immigration policies:
such as policies on border control,rights of entry and abode, Asylum Polices What does integration mean? Social, cultural, economic, political rights?
Access/ life chances?
Not an economic burden to society?
Bottom-up or top-down?
MIPEX: http://www.mipex.eu/countries Activity Language?
Right or left leaning?
Whose voices are represented?
Information and sources? The Telegraph
Hot cross banned: councils decree buns could be 'offensive' to non-Christians The Daily Express: PLOT TO KILL BLAIR: Asylum seekers with high tech equipment and maps caught half a mile from PM’s home The Star: Asylum seekers eat our donkeys Daily Mail: You’ve got a cat? Ok you can stay in Britain, officials tell 1. Discuss the seminar questions
2. Look at little closer at the media
3. Who makes immigration politics
4. What are immigration polices
5. National traditions of citizenship Seminar questions: See for example
Hansen Political space Discursive opportunity structure strong Weak Narrow Wide Radicalisation Insitutitonalisation Marginalisation Populism