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Learning Theories in the College Classroom
Transcript of Learning Theories in the College Classroom
Covering Behavourism, Social Learning Theory, Distributed Cognition, & Elaboration Theory
Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.
Hoffman, S. (1997). Elaboration theory and hypermedia: Is there a link? Educational Technology, 37(1), 57-64.
Reigeluth, C. & Stein, F. (1983). The elaboration theory of instruction. In C. Reigeluth (ed.), Instructional Design Theories and Models. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
Salomon, G. (Ed.) (1993). Distributed cognitions: psychological and educational considerations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Associated with the work of the cognitive anthropologist Edwin Hutchins.
Proponents argue that the distribution of cognition across the brain extends past the individual, accounting for...
material settings and artifacts
social interactions, and
-- my students and I interchangeably take on roles of 'client' and 'web developer'.
Benefits: face to face meetings, question and answer periods, proper attire, etc.
-- I provide step-by-step instruction on how to design and development website based on industry standards.
Benefits: learn 'tricks of trade', pick up good habits, do things in the proper order, use hardware /software effectively, etc.
Internet Applications and Web Development, Multimedia, Photography, Video, Fine Arts, & Music Business Management
Website Design and Development
Theory introduced by B.F. Skinner.
Learning is the acquisition of new behaviors through positive or negative feedback.
it can shape behavior quickly
helps learners adapt to their environments
behavior can be measurable
Theory posits that people
learn from one another using...
Elaboration theory states that instruction should be organized in increasing order of complexity for optimal learning.
Material Distribution of Cognition
Web students have many online tools at their disposal to help make once complex tasks more simple (IE. Color scheme generators, CSS style generators, etc.)
layout and composition
Shape Behaviour: encouraged to take attendance (often in return for marks)
Adapt to Environment: Bring laptop and Ethernet cable each day in order to connect with my website and download course files.
Measurable: tests are still very common.
Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences.
Coordination may be strictly internal, but it often involves interaction with one or more technologies, interactions among multiple persons, and/or incorporation of products of past cognitive activity.
Social Distribution of Cognition
In many of our courses students are grouped together, giving them the ability to create sites that are more dynamic and complex then they could on their own.
Temporal Distribution of Cognition
The web developer community relies heavily on pre-existing code (open source community), and they then build upon it to meet their needs.
There are seven major strategy components: (1) an elaborative sequence, (2) learning prerequisite sequences, (3) summary, (4) synthesis, (5) analogies, (6) cognitive strategies, and (7) learner control.
For my design class, I start off
with an overview of the following
five principles of web design:
Students then complete assignments connected with each principle, leading to their final design compositions.