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Aztec Education

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by

Dawn Abraham

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Aztec Education

Aztec
telpochcalli
teacher orally teaching his pupils.
Aztec schools were split by gender, which was split into schools for commoners,
telpochcalli
, and schools for nobles,
calmecac
. Religion was an extremely important and essential part of Aztec education. (even the schools were dedicated to gods). Today we will explore what will happen to you if you were an Aztec child at school. (Girls were considered a little bit subordinate than the boys, but were still taught at school and at home.)
Introduction
Aztec Telpochcalli
The god of the school of commoners,
telpochcalli
, is Tezcatlipoca. At the age of 15, all boys had to attend this school. Youngsters had much more freedom than the super strict
calmecac
, and studied history, religion, citizenship, and more. All teaching was given orally, which meant that they all were required to memorize everything. The physical half was hard child labor (don't forget, have fun!) for the boys; for example, military training, how to be farmers or warriors, and etc.
Aztec Homeschooling
Aztec kids were also taught at home. Their parents taught them how to do basic household chores, manners, and to always listen to your elders and those of higher rank than you. The boys often learned fishing, farming, and hunting from their dads. The mothers taught their girls how to cook, sew, make medicine, clean, and take care of kids. All these skills would be useful when the girls were married off (often at 16) and left to live in their husband's house, and the boys went to go to war.
The
calmecac
were located in noble neighborhoods, and were attached to temples run by the high priests for religious learning, since it was an important part of their education. Because "
calmecac
" meant House of Tears, boys were always awoken at midnight to pray and take a cold bath in pools. Quezacoatl was the main god of these schools for nobles. At the
calmecac
, you were taught: science, astronomy, art, writing, calendars, maths, medicine, law, government, history, architecture, public speaking, and religion.
Aztec Education
By Dawn, Sophia, Jad, and Reet 8P
Aztec mother teaching daughter how to do basic household tasks.
What Boys Learned
What Girls Learned
Aztec Calmecac
Aztec Counting
Aztec Writing
Aztec codices had hardly had any words; instead, they were full of pictures and glyphs. Glyphs were the simplest form of Aztec writing, using small graphic symbols for words. When it was impossible to draw a picture of a word, scribes drew something that readers could link to the word, or sounded similar to the word (Ex. A skull on top of a rock might mean a meeting place called 'Skull Rock'). However, the codex writing was not meant as complete records; most priests memorized history and used codices to help fill in the details.
Conclusion
In this presentation, we have talked about Aztec
telpochcalli, calmecac
, their homeschooling, their numerical system, and how they communicated in writing. Thank you for listening to our project on Aztec education!
Project Resources
Aztec. (2010). Education. Retrieved from http://aztec.com/page.php?page=education

Aztec Empire for Kids. (n.d.). School. Retrieved from http://aztecs.mrdonn.org/school.html

The Aztec Empire. (n.d.). Aztec education. Retrieved from http://azteccivilisations-justice.weebly.com/aztec-education.html

Aztecs at Mexicolore. (n.d.). Basic Aztec facts: Aztec schools. Retrieved from http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/kids/aztec-schools

Aztec-History.com. (n.d.). Aztec culture. Retrieved from http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-culture.html

Platt, Richard. (1999). Aztecs: the fall of the Aztec capital. Toronto, ON: Stoddart Publishing.
The symbol for 1 was either a dot or a finger. 2 dots meant 2 and so on up to 19 dots or fingers.
The Aztecs counted in 20s because they used fingers
and
toes (Eventually, the number 20 took on a sacred meaning). Numbers were shown in between by repeating them up to 19 times. The symbols were often used on tribute lists, placed near images of other items to show how many there were.
A flag represented the number 20, repeated up to 19 times. (19 flags=380)
The sign for 400 (20x20) looked like a fir tree, and could be repeated up to 7,600 (19 trees).
A sack of cocoa beans equaled 20x20x20 (8000), but could also mean ‘too many to count’
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Image courtesy of Learning Connections
Image courtesy of Learning Connections
These are just some examples of Aztec glyphs. The glyphs are read from left to right, so means 'spirit woman.' What does mean?
Images courtesy of Mexicolore
Thanks for listening!
Aztec stone calendar (Image courtesy of Wikipedia)
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Two Aztecs- one student and one teacher -outside the calmecac.
Aztec
telpochcalli
.
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
In Aztec society, females were thought of as lower to men, so they were mostly taught from home. The schooling of girls was a basic training for marriage (learning about herbs and household tasks), except that noble girls spent a year at the age of 12 or 13 helping in the temples. Because of this temple training, some girls went on to become priestesses, which was one of the most important religious positions, or midwives. However, girls could also go to war as doctors or medics, since they knew a lot about herbal medicines.
Image courtesy of Sixth Sun Ridaz
The boys attended either a
calmecac
or a
cuicacalli
. The
cuicacalli
was more like a military school. Children of the nobles attended a
calmecac
. The children learned how to interpret governing and to understand the history and ways of their elders, under very strict church teaching.
Calmecac
students had extra religious duties in history, astronomy, poetry, and writing. There the child learned the religious duties of priests. After boys graduated, they usually became a warrior or got some other high-end job (ex. noble, priest, judge). Boys received more education than girls, since they were thought of as better than women.
Image courtesy of Mexicolore
Dad brings son to a
calmecac
.
Aztec mother teaching her children.
Image courtesy of Codex Mendoza
Aztec parents teaching their kids how to do basic household tasks (ex. fishing, cooking, etc.).
Full transcript