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Marijuana Legalization


Juliana Mei

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Marijuana Legalization

What is Marijuana?
Why we should legalize marijuana?
History of Marijuana
17th C.: farmers make marijuana production socially acceptable
1619 farmers were required to grow medical marijuana

Chemical Component
A group of compounds with more than 85 different types found in

Two types:
delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Endocannabinoid System
Addictive Drug Comparison
Where's The Money?
Legalization can potentially have a positive impact on the poor economic climate in U.S.
Medical Benefits
Legalization of Medical

CB receptor 1(CB1)
The CB1 receptor is located in Central Neural System

CB receptor 2(CB2)
The CB2 receptor is located in immune tissue that is related to the immune response

Therapeutic Potential
Pain Relief
Immune Suppressor and
Life Quality Improvement in Terminal Caring
Cannabinoids suppress the function and reactivity of T lymphocyte
Different cannabinoids can affect humans through different mechanisms.
Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) reacts with both CB1 and CB2 receptor.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is not active on either CB1 or CB2 receptor
1204 different gene response for CBD treatment

Reduces many discomfort and symptoms in
cancer and HIV patients (Robson, 2001, p.108-111)

Negatives If We Do
Not Legalize It

Quality of Black market
Legalized States
Gateway Hypothesis
Statistics of death/abuse
Not stable
Underground businesses have no regulation
Drugs produced in black markets are not manufactured under any safety or health regulations

Black Market
Did You Know...
It costs approximately $1.50 to produce a marijuana cigarette but it retails for around $8.50 on the black market which is about a 700% mark up.
If we were to legalize it, we could collect the $7.00 profit for taxes and at the same time reduce crime rates associated with street sales.
If it were legalized..
Money paid to other countries to grow marijuana could be put back into our economy by paying domestic farmers to grow our supply.
By the prohibition of marijuana, we are knowingly excluding a lucrative market that could provide the government with a substantial increase in tax revenue.
A lot of money every year is spent on prosecuting those who sell and use marijuana illegally.
Does it make Sense?
"...prohibition has led to allocating scarce government moneys to fund the prosecution of consensual behavior while filling our prisons with non-violent offenders." (Ducatti Flister, L. 2012. p. 98)
The enforcement of prohibition is costing our tax payers.
By at least legalizing medical marijuana we can partially eliminate the demand for illegal transactions
Legalization would be the fiscally responsible thing to do.
Bottom Line
Tanda, G., Pontieri, F., & Di Chiara, G. (1997). Cannabinoid and heroin activation of mesolimbic dopamine transmission by a common mu1 opioid receptor mechanism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 276(5321), 2048-2050.
Di Chiara and imperato, PNAS,1988. http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/addiction-science/why-do-people-abuse-drugs/nearly-all-drugs-abuse-increase-dopamine-neurotransmission

Vocal Opposition
That early marijuana use will lead to harder drugs like cocaine and heroin.
Marijuana usage during adolescents is the highest amongst any other drugs because of the accessibility of the drug, thus creating a stigma on marijuana.
Research conducted by Choo, Roh, & Robinson (2008) breaks each down each theory into a proven ‘false positives’
1) Marijuana is not a warning sign for future drug use
2) Marijuana usage itself will not lead to the harder drug usage.
3) Moving onto a harder drug is not due to marijuana usage but as a result of other factors: family, peer influences, school, and neighborhood conditions
4) “Future drug uses is likely produced by factors unique to the individual and their environment rather than marijuana” (Choo et all. 2008, 484).

If these states have already legalized marijuana with no considerable detrimental effects on drug abuse and dependency, what is inhibiting the country from sanctioning marijuana nationwide?
New Mexico
Rhode Island
New Jersey
Washington D.C.
New Hampshire
Civil War-1861
Medical Marijuana became a popular ingrident in many medical products
Mexican Revolution-1910
Influx of immigrants into the united states who intorduced the recreational use of marijuana
Great Depression
Americans became paranoid about immigrants taking their jobs

The use of marijuana did not promote any"violance, insanity, or sex crimes" (The LaGuardia Report, 1944)
Harsh Punishments implemented: 2 to 10 years in prison along with 20,000 fine
President Regan's 1986 Anti-Drug Abuse Act
1970's and the War against drugs
Ducatti Flister, L. (2012). The economic case for marijuana legalization in Canada. Journal Of
Alternative Perspectives in The Social Sciences, 5(1), 96-100. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com.libproxy.cc.stonybrook.edu/
Cerdá M., Wall M., Keyes K.M., Galea S., Hasin D., (2012) Medical marijuana laws in 50 states: Investigating the
relationship between state legalization of medical marijuana and marijuana use, abuse and dependence,
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 120 (1-3), 22-27. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.06.011.
Choo, T., Roh, S. and Robinson, M. (2008). Assessing the “Gateway Hypothesis” among middle and high school
students in Tennessee. Journal of Drug Issues, 38 (2), 467-492. Doi: 10.1177/002204260.
Seamon, M. J., Fass, J. A., Maria, M., & Abu-Shraie, N. A. (2007). Medical marijuana and the developing role of the pharmacist.American Journal Of Health-System Pharmacy, 64(10), 1037-1044. doi:10.2146/ajhp060471
Lynch, M., Young, J., & Clark, A. (2006). A case series of patients using medicinal marihuana for management of chronic pain under the Canadian Marihuana Medical Access Regulations. Journal Of Pain And Symptom Management, 32(5), 497-501.
Cushman, P., & Khurana, R. (1976). Marijuana and T lymphocyte rosettes. Clinical Pharmacology And Therapeutics, 19(3), 310-317.
Grinspoon, L. (2001). On the pharmaceuticalization of marijuana. International Journal Of Drug Policy, 12(5/6), 377-383.
Robson, P. (2001). Therapeutic aspects of cannabis and cannabinoids. The British Journal Of Psychiatry: The Journal Of Mental Science, 178107-115.
PBS. (n.d). Marijuana Timeline. Busted America’s war on marijuana. Retrieved
from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/dope/etc/cron.html


Drug Abuse - Drug use beyond safe moderation
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