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Form and Function

An introduction to Ceramics

Mary Griffith

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Form and Function

An Introduction to Ceramics
How clay can teach us about the past...
How have different civilizations used clay?

People have been using clay for thousands of years
Different variations of clay can be found all over the globe.
Pottery and other forms of ceramics have left behind an important archeological record.
Clay is one of the oldest building materials on earth. We still use it today.
Clay tablets were the first known writing medium discovered
Discovered in Europe, this clay tablet is 3,350 years old.
We are able to learn about past civilizations because of the long life of clay once it has been fired.
Clay has been used in sculptural form to celebrate different beliefs.
Created by China's very first emperor, this entire army of terra cotta soliders were rediscovered in 1974.
Native American tribes used clay to form ceremonial wedding vases.
This piece demonstrates two themes we are going to focus on...
Form & Function
Form focuses on the 3D shape & structure of an object...
Function focuses on an objects specific use...
Clay changed the way people cooked and stored food... in turn, changing the way they lived.
Hand Building Techniques
Pinch Method
Coil Method
Slab Construction
-Always cover clay with a plastic bag after working so it doesn't dry out.
-Clay dust can be harmful so keep your area CLEAN.
-Clay can be NO thicker than your thumb
-In order for clay to stick together it must be scored and slipped while the clay is still moist or leather hard
-ALWAYS wedge your clay to make sure there is even moisture throughout the clay
-Never glaze the bottom of a piece
Rules of Working with Clay
Never handle another person's work... the drier it gets, the more fragile it is.
We are going to create a work of art that focuses on both FORM and FUNCTION.
Using the traditional teapot, you will come up with 3 different ideas to create an original FORM out of this FUNCITONAL object...
Your artwork must have all the parts of a functional teapot
You will use the traditional parts of a teapot and add your own ORIGINAL form to make a statement...
important event in your life
global issue
an artist that inspires you
struggle; something you have had to overcome
Brainstorming IDEAS...
Full transcript