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(Theories ofPersonality)

Jemerson Dominguez

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of GenPsy-FinalLec2

Prepared by:
Mr. Jemerson N. Dominguez Personality means... Intervening Activity:
Listen to the Song and try to bring the PERSONA of the artist singing… As a person
known actions habits
opinionless, colorless passionless
Word itself
“person” & “ality” – having the quality of
“personal” & “ity” – state of being
mask that can be worn or unworn Dolphy
Nora Aunor
Fernando Poe Jr.
Rosana Roces
Vilma Santos
Vic Sotto
Robin Padilla
Solenn Heusaff Activity: Below are names of the Filipino Artists, identify their portrayed personalities… “constituted by the characteristics patterns of behaviour, thought, & emotion that determine a person’s adjustment to environment” Definition of Personality Psychoanalysis
Phenomenology/Humanism Forces in the
Study of Psychology Key Features
Early Experiences
Behaviours of People
founded by Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Approach Freudian Psychoanalysis
Carl Jung’s Depth Psychology
Alfred Adler’s Individual Psychology
Karen Horney’s Sociocultural Motivation Three Structures of Personality
superego Freudian Psychoanalysis consists of instincts which are a person’s source of psychic energy
completely unconscious
no contact with reality
always seeking pleasure
(Libido - sex instinct)
avoiding pain
govern by pleasure principle
concept of eros (life instinct), thanatos (death instinct), narcissism (love towards self), altruism (love towards others) id partly unconscious
tasked with higher mental functions
problem solving
governed by reality principle ego address the moral considerations of individual actions
does not concern with reality
to see that the id’s sexual & aggressive impulses be satisfied in moral terms superego Psychosexual Concerns
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Oedipus Complex
Electra Complex
Latency Stage
Genital Stage Development of Personality the ego uses a number of conflict solution strategies
reaction formation
regression Psychoanalytic
Defense Mechanism understand depth of unconscious mind, digging deeper and deeper until the meaning of symbolic representation of personality concerns are interpreted
archetypes – filter people’s perception & experiences
Shadow Carl Jung’s Depth Psychology unconscious is not the only one that can direct our lives
social factors are more important than sexual motivation in personality development Alfred Adler’s Individual Psychology Compensation-the process of developing one’s own abilities in order to overcome real or imagined inferioritize

Overcompensation-may be observed in individuals
Inferiority Complex
Superiority Complex she countered that men & women may actually they had each other’s capacities
3 main strategies that individuals use to cope with life’s problems
Moving towards people, seeking love & support
moving away from people
Moving against people becoming competitive & domemineering Karen Horney’s Sociocultural Modification base on associative learning or on social learning constructs Behavioral & Cognitive Behavioral Approaches Ivan Pavlov
John Watson – “father of behaviourism”
Sigmund Freud
B.F Skinner
“individual’s personality is simply a collection of his/her observable & outward behaviours, all of which were learned through a series of reward & punishment experiences Associative Learning Approach key elements
cognitive interpretation of behavior
Expectancy – Julian Rotter
Personal Constructs – George Kelly
Delay of Gratification – Walter Mischel
Self – Efficacy – Bandura Social Learning Theory Approach emphasizes the importance of an individual’s unique view of the world in trying to understand personality
Carl Roger’s Approach
Abraham Maslow’s Approach Phenomelogical or
Humanistic Approach All persons start out in life with positive feelings about themselves, but these feelings may continually be eroded by significant persons in their respective worlds. (conditional positive regard)
Self-concept – an individual’s overall perceptions of his/her abilities, behavior & personality.
Real self – result of self experiences
Ideal self – person would like to be Carl Roger’s Approach infinite faith in the human capacity for growth
Deficiency Needs – related to an individual’s psychological needs
Growth needs – refers to such higher needs as the need for true beauty, goodness, wholeness, vitality, uniqueness, perfection & justice ( moslow’s heirarchy of needs) Abraham Maslow’s Approach Factorial Theory
Individuality Theory
Personalistic Theory
Self, Person-Centered, or Ego-Integrated Theory
Behavioristic Theory OTHER REFERENCE…(et.al. Sevila, General Psychology,1998) Proposed by Raymund B. Catell
This permits a prediction of what a person will do in a given situation.
Two traits: surface and source traits
The birth of Sixteen Personality Factors Factorial Theory Proposed by Gordon W. Allport
It is a dynamic organization within the individual whose psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought.
It talks about:
Motive changes day by day
Behaviour present tense (motive)
Motive: You want to stay on the motive of your past--Neurotic Individuality Theory Proposed by Henry A. Murray
It says that personality is located in the brain.
“No brain, no personality”
How the brain processes, reflects the behavior.
Concept of regnancy – locating or referring all psychological processes to the brain functions. Personalistic Theory Proposed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
Ego solid, strong vs. broken, weak
Phenomenology  views the person as a being that acts upon his or her environment with a degree of intentionality. Self, Person-Centered, or Ego-Integrated Theory Proposed by Burrhus F. Skinner
Relationship between stimuli, responses and reinforcements
Power of Reinforcement Behavioristic Theory Projective Tests (coming from unconsciousness)
Thematic Apperception Test
Rorschach Inkblot Test
Pictorial Self-Concept Scale
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
16 Personality Factors
California Psychological Inventory
Talaang Pangsanggunian ng Maynila Sample ASSESSMENT TOOLS
for PERSONALITY 3 Reflection of Filipino Personality
Concept of personhood, which contains 5 elements:
Vital principles (ginhawa)
Perception (buot)
Mind (isip)
Sleep Spirit (dungan)
Life Spirit (kalag)
Baltasar’s sanity (bait), reflection(muni) & judgement (hatol) Filipino Personality Covar’s concept of Filipino based on 4 elements:
Spirit (kaluluwa) – life source
Conscience (budhi) – guides a person in his actions & judges the life he leads
External Appearance (katauhang panlabas) – refers to the physical characteristics associated with body parts & its related meanings
Innermost Being (katauhang pangloob) – refers to the innermost feeling of an individual Pakikipagkapwa-tao
Family Orientation
Joy and Humor
Flexibility, Adaptability, and Creativity
Hard Work and Industry
Faith and Responsibility
Ability to Survive Strengths of Filipino Character Extreme Personalism
Extreme Family-Centeredness
Lack of Discipline
Passivity and Lack of Initiative
Colonial Mentality
Kanya-Kanya Syndrome
Lack of Self-Analysis and Self-Reflections Weaknesses of Filipino Character The Home environment;
The Social environment;
Culture and language;
The Educational system;
The Economic environment;
The Political environment;
Mass media; and
Leadership and Role models Roots of the
Filipino Character Thank you for Listening!
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