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Transcript of Macbeth Presentation
“Bring me no more reports. Let them fly all.
Till Birnam Wood remove to Dunsinane
I cannot taint with fear. What’s the boy Malcolm?
Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know
All mortal consequences have pronounced me thus:
“Fear not, Macbeth. No man that’s born of woman
shall e'er have power upon thee.” Then fly, false thanes,
And mingle with the English epicures.
The mind I sway by and the heart I bear
Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear.” In this passage Macbeth is basically saying that he is fine by himself, and he is reassuring himself that Malcolm is not going to hurt him because he is born from a woman and only a man not born of a woman is going to kill him (according to the witches/spirits). He was also talking about the supernatural, because he was talking about the witches and their prophesies. As well he said that there are so many disloyal thanes and I think he is scared but angry so he just wants to do everything himself, which is why he says “then fly false thanes and mingle with the English epicures” I thought this passage was significant because this is where he reassures himself that he will win, which further leads to his downfall because he is pretty confident. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth met three witches who told him that he would be king and thane of Cawdor. He did not believe them at first, but after he was made thane of Cawdor his wife Lady Macbeth convinced him to kill King Duncan to become king as well. After Macbeth was named king, he grew jealous because the witches had predicted the sons of his friend Banquo would be kings after him. He decided to have Banquo murdered. After he was killed, Macbeth saw his ghost at a banquet. As well by having each English soldier hold a bough in front of them while going to Macbeth’s castle, it fulfills one of the conditions on when Macbeth would fall (said by the witches) “Macbeth will never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him.” In this scene you also start to see the confidence of Malcolm rising, whereas Macduff is still cautious and aware that defeat is still possible. The prophecies Macbeth is referring to are from his previous encounter with the witches. This shows that Macbeth is heavily relying on the witches prophecies and believes that no one will be able to harm him, because everyone is born of a woman. Macbeth is now desperate, yet he is still brave and thinks he can defeat the English forces. Macbeth is now fearing his life but he is trying to convince himself that he has nothing to fear and the witches prophecies, which in his mind are always right because he had become the thane of Cawdor and the king previously, will protect him from death and the English army. Macduff is a Scottish nobleman and the Thane of Fife and was introduced into the play in Act 2 when he entered Macbeth’s castle and discovered the death of Duncan. He is also the antagonist. Although Macduff has changed immensely throughout the play (especially those scenes in particular) we can see from Act 5 scene 4 that he does still have his cautious personality. In act 5 scene 4 when Malcolm was finally confident that Macbeth was going to fall Macduff said (line 19-21) “Let our just censures attend the true event, and put we on industrious soldiership” which means let us not get ahead of ourselves; let us wait for the outcome before we predict it and this shows Macduff’s cautious and not overconfident side. After the death of his wife and his son (Act 3 scene 3) he wanted to get rid of Macbeth as personal revenge as well. In this switch of ambition of killing Macbeth we can see that Macduff has changed. Although, he was always unreceptive to the idea of Macbeth as king and never believed that was the right way to go. When he went to find Malcolm to get Macbeth off the throne he was doing it for ‘the greater good’; for the good of the community (The Great Chain of Being; he didn’t think Macbeth was the rightful king) and for a holy purpose. Then Macbeth went to meet with the witches for a second time. They told him that he would never be killed by one of woman born, and not until Birnam wood comes to Dunsinane castle. Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane,
I cannot taint with fear. What's the boy Malcolm?
Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know
All mortal consequences have pronounced me thus:
'Fear not, Macbeth; no man that's born of woman
Shall e'er have power upon thee.' After meeting with he witches, Macbeth attacked Macduff's (another scottish thane) castle. Macduff had ran away to England to be with Duncan's son Malcolm, so he was not killed but his family was. This passage is an apostrophe because he is talking to himself, and no one else. There is personification in this passage because Macbeth said “bring me no reports. Let them fly all”, reports can’t fly but what he means to say is let the reports go, I don’t need them.
As well he says “sag with doubt and shake with fear”; doubt and fear can do neither of those things. This passage also shows irony, because Macbeth is worried about Malcolm killing him, when really in the end he was right Malcolm doesn’t hurt him but Macduff does, which is ironic because he was worried about the wrong person the whole time. The first 2 lines and last 3 lines are written in iambic pentameter, which enhances the way the passage is read, and also shows syntax and diction were used to make the lines as such. Throughout this scene Macbeth is in a terrible mood. He is constantly hearing bad news and is getting disturbed by it, first about his wife's illness and then about the thanes. To fight the English forces that are arriving at Dunsinane, Macbeth needs soldiers from the other thanes but they have either turned their back on him or joined the English forces. As we start this scene, Macduff in England has received word of the murder of his family and the suffering of the people of Scotland under Macbeth. He is furious and is planning to go with Malcolm and an army to Scotland to overthrow the tyrant king and free the civilians. Act V Scenes 1-4 By: Ehtisham, Raeesha, Stephanie & Gavin Summary In a room in the castle, a gentlewoman who has seen Lady Macbeth walk and talk in her sleep before is waiting at night with a doctor to show him. Lady Macbeth comes, sleepwalking, and starts rubbing at an imaginary spot of blood on her hands. She then starts talking, making references to the murders of Duncan, Banquo, Lady Macduff. The doctor is shocked by what she is saying, and says that he cannot help her and that she is more in need of spiritual help than medical help. Passage: Act 5, scene 1, lines 33 to 44.
Lady Macbeth- Out, damned spot! Out, I say!—One, two. Why, then, ’tis time to do ’t. Hell is murky!—Fie, my lord, fie! A soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?—Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.
Doctor-Do you mark that?
Lady Macbeth-The thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she now?—What, will these hands ne'er be clean?—No more o' that, my lord, no more o' that. You mar all with this starting. This passage occurs when Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking and talking to herself and the doctor is listening to her. Lady Macbeth- Out, damned spot! Out, I say!—One, two. Why, then, ’tis time to do ’t. Hell is murky!—
Talks about the blood on her hands, symbolizing guilt; trying to be free of it. Hard to erase from her conscience. Hallucination, first major sign of insanity from lady Macbeth-before it was always Macbeth. One, two, is the knell before the killing of Duncan.
Fie, my lord, fie! A soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?—
Nonsense- soldiers shouldn't get scared. Talking to Macbeth (apostrophe), it does not matter who knows who they have killed because nobody can challenge a powerful king.
Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.
Referring to Duncan. As blood symbolizes guilt, she is implying that she never would have thought she would feel this guilty after killing him. This is an interesting line, because it connects to a quote in act 2 scene 2 lines 12-13, where Lady Macbeth says that she would kill Duncan herself, but he looked too much like her own father. This may be part of why she feels guilty now. Doctor-Do you mark that?
Shocked at Lady Macbeth Lady Macbeth-The thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she
The thane of fife is Macduff. His wife is dead, lady Macbeth is thinking about what might happen to her, as she is also a thane's wife. She is scared of the enemies she has made.
What, will these hands ne'er be clean?—
Will she ever get rid of the guilt of murder?
No more o' that, my lord, no more o' that. You mar all with this starting.
Talking to Macbeth (apostrophe) saying he will spoil all their plans if he acts nervous, like he did when he saw Banquo's ghost. In these passages by Lady Macbeth, it is shown how she is going insane. However, she only breaks down when she is sleeping which shows she still has some control over herself, unlike Macbeth. Significance: Theme: The song starts out using a piano, which I think really helps show Macbeth’s deep inner thoughts, andthat he was scared of losing everything. It then breaks into drums, violin, flute, guitar, and piano. This represents how Macbeth buried these thoughts deep into his mind instead of confronting them. I think
that this is a fair representation of that because the new instruments kind of take away from the feeling of sadness and regret that the piano by itself gave. The music continues in a loop for most of the song.
To me, this repeating represented how Macbeth actually believed that he could win the whole time. The end of the song dropped the guitar and flute, and focused more on the drums and piano, with the violin
accompanying it quietly. This represents how Macbeth slowly started to realize that his time was coming to an end. To give a better understanding, I have personified 2 instruments as feelings that Macbeth has.
Guitar as ambition, I chose to do this because the guitar was, other than the piano, the most audible instrument, and ambition was, other than insanity, the main thing driving Macbeth. The flute is the conscience in Macbeth because, though it is quiet, it is there. Cultivate your hunger, before you idealize
Motivate your Anger, to make them all realize This passage really symbolises the evil in Macbeth, not only in our scenes, but throughout the play. It
is, in simpler terms, implying that Macbeth thinks that he has a valid reason for doing all of this, even
though he does not. Climbing the mountain, never coming down
break into the contents, never falling down This talks about how Macbeth thought he could never fall, and he would never be defeated. My knee is still shaking like i was twelve
Sneakin' out the classroom, by the back door
I think that this couplet
A man railed at me twice, though
But i didn't care Here, it talks about Macbeth actually being very scared, and just trying to hide it. Waiting is wasting, for people like me I think this is talking about many things, both literal and figurative. It could be talking about him
not being able to wait to be king, it could also be talking about how Macbeth is just generally a very
impatient man. Don't try to live so wise,
Don't cry 'cos your so right
Don't dry, with fakes or fears
'cos you will hate yourself in the end I think that this talks about Macbeth’s basic policy. Do what you must do, so you do not regret what you
did later in life. It basically says that it is okay to make mistakes, as long as you are a good person. Act 5- Scene 2
Now does he feel
His secret murders sticking on his hands;
Now minutely revolts upbraid his faith-breach;
Those he commands move only in command,
Nothing in love: now does he feel his title
Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe
Upon a dwarfish thief. The second line is a personification, as it gives murder a human characteristic, in this case, sticking.
The 3rd line uses syntax, because the author, Willliam Shakespeare, chose to phrase his words in a
very specific way to catch the readers eye. In the 4th line, they repeat the word command twice, to
emphasise the feelings of the people that Macbeth commands. In the 5th line, there is a pause. This
pause, in my opinion, is suspenseful. Though it is a short pause, it leaves the reader on the edge of
their seat, just for a moment. The last 2 lines are a simile. The simile compares how Macbeth’s title is
slipping away, as a giant’s robe would slip off a dwarf. Now let’s dive deeper into this paragraph. In its
entirety, it is talking about Macbeth’s defeat being near. It is about Angus wondering if Macbeth feels
defeat yet, or is he still trying to hold on to the shred of dignity that he has left. Angus, as do we, wonder
how Macbeth is handling the situation, though we were given a peek as to how Macbeth felt later in
the book. To me, the most impactful part of this poem, is the last 2 lines. They compare Macbeth to a
thief, and his victims (namely Duncan) to a giant. It implies that he does not have the character to fill the
shoes of the now deceased Duncan, and that his murders were in vein. Themes Present in this Scene Topic: Deceit
Theme: Fooling people is an clever way to defeat your enemies I thought this was the topic and theme because in this scene Malcolm and Macduff were mainly talking about ways to deceive Macbeth Menteth: The English power, led by Malcolm, is near. Macduff and his uncle Siward, desperate for revenge, are frightening.
Angus: We will meet them near Birnam wood.
Lenox: He isn’t. I have a list of all the men, and there are many strong young men.
Cathness: Some say he’s crazy, but others think he’s a brave genius. But, he cannot hide his true evil intentions, even when he is a ruler
Angus: Does he feel guilty yet? Time ticks closer to his defeat. His men work not for loyalty, but for fear of death. Does he feel defeated yet?
Menteth: Who can blame his troubled nerves for being in confusion when his whole body is rebelling against him?
Cathness: We shall march onwards, and obey who truly deserves obedience. We must meet
Malcolm, the healer of this sickly nation, and give him every ounce of strength we have, to help cure our country.
Lenox: We shall do all that is necessary. Save the innocent and kill the evil. Let’s head to Birnam In this act, Angus, Cathness, and Lenox discuss Macbeth’s inner feelings and emotions. They discuss the inner battle between Macbeth’s good and bad emotions. They also discuss how Macbeth is not worthy of the throne and that he could never replace King Duncan. As well, in this scene we find out that they are heading towards Birnam Woods. Though not a lot of things happen in this scene, we do get a glimpse into Macbeth’s turmoil, one that will be fully revealed in the later scenes of Act 5. During scene 4 Malcolm is very important. He is because he decides to hide the soldiers behind a branch of a tree from the Birnam Woods. In doing this he fulfils the prophesy of the witches being that Macbeth would be defeated when Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane. This is a play on words because Birnam Wood can mean both a forest in Birnam and the trees which come from Birnam. This proves that Malcolm is clever and is really worthy to inherit the throne, which he does later on in Act 5. Not only has he made wise and strategic decisions in Act 5 (scene 4) but throughout the Great Tragedy of Macbeth. Now it's time for the for the all time favourite... This will be a dubbing activity, which means there will be a narrator who speaks all the lines while the characters/actors do exactly what they say! Each person will make a scenario that involves all the people in your group that has a modern day problem using the Macbeth characters. Then they wll be collected and each group will come up and present one of them! This scene is very significant for Lady Macbeth, because it is the last scene she is in before she commits suicide. This leaves the audience with a final sense of Lady Macbeth as an extremely deranged and crazy woman. Although she has shown small hints of coming unhinged throughout the play, this is the first time she is shown actually breaking down from the guilt. Before in the play she was always the strong one while Macbeth was the one who got hallucinations. This is a major turning point for her in the play, and I think it is the Tragic Force of Lady Macbeth's life. Topic: Guilt
Theme: Living with guilt can make one go insane.
Evidence: Lady macbeth is talking and walking in her sleep, with her eyes open.
Line 55 (Doctor)- "This disease is beyond my practice:..."
Lines 45-46 (Gentlewoman)-"She has spoke what she should not, I am sure of that. Heaven knows what she has known."
It is very obvious to the spectators of Lady macbeth in this scene that she is crazy, and they are worried about her. Seyton!—I am sick at heart,
When I behold—Seyton, I say!—This push
Will cheer me ever, or disseat me now.
I have liv'd long enough: my way of life
Is fall'n into the sear, the yellow leaf;
And that which should accompany old age,
As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends,
I must not look to have; but, in their stead,
Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath,
Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not.
Seyton! This passage summarizes the meaning of this scene. In this scene Macbeth learns of the English army. Macbeth realizes that he didn't have long to live because of his murderous acts and the tyrant he had become from gaining power. He thinks that despite being king he does not have the luxuries that come with old age and in place he has curses and hate from the people he rules. Line by Line Analysis In this passage Macbeth is speaking to himself, he is thinking that the "push" which is the English army will either kill him or secure his place on the throne. He know knows that not only his throne is at stake but his life is also in danger. "This push
Will cheer me ever, or disseat me now." "I have liv'd long enough: my way of life" Macbeth realizes that he has lived like a tyrant and is hated by his people, he is now ready to face death and saying that he has lived long enough by things going his way and the way he wants them to, now he knows that he will die despite the tremendous amount of bravery he is showing on the outside. "Is fall'n into the sear, the yellow leaf;" Macbeth then uses a metaphor and compares himself to a yellow leaf. One that has no place and is deserted. He is saying that he is a dry yellow leaf that has fallen and has no meaning to live anymore. Someone new will take his place. He is trying to say that he will die and he is given up all hope for a good life. As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends,
I must not look to have; but, in their stead,
Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath,
Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not. Macbeth then states that despite being the king he does not have the luxurious things that come with being old, his life has become worthless because of the way he rules over Scotland and he has no friends, honour, love and he is all alone. These luxuries that cannot be bought are not with him and will never be with him. Instead he is hated by the people he rules, even though they might not say it out of fear, the thanes and the people give him honour but they don't think he deserves it. Suspense is created throughout the scene as Macbeth gets ready for battle with the English army. He is bravely trying to fight but inside he knows that there is a pretty good chance this might be the end no matter what the witches told him and despite that he tries to remove fear and fight singlehandedly without the help of thanes against the English army. This passage led me to explore another theme in the play. It is that greed always leads to disaster. This is expressed when Macbeth says that he does not have those luxuries that cannot be bought. This is shown when Macbeth learns that the army is approaching. Macbeth knows that this is all because of is greed. Macbeth went from being honorable and liked to being attacked by an entire army, because of greed. He sees that even though he became king through the path of darkness and is now nearly at the top of the great chain of being he still does not have some of the riches that every man wants, like love, obedience, honour etc. This passage is significant to the act because it describes how Macbeth is feeling inside, and it reflects on the entire play about how Macbeth has changed. This also shows that Macbeth has now changed and become different from an honest thane to a hated king. This passage describes that Macbeth is not happy with his position of being king of Scotland despite all the riches he is receiving. We can reflect on the great chain of being with this passage. The people of Scotland may not be content with Macbeth and the way he rules because they think that the devil has interfered with the thane and now he has become king. This is also why throughout the play pathetic fallacy occurs multiple times. Act 5, Scene 3, Lines 22-32 The topic of this passage is fear, and the theme is the fear of the consequences of what Macbeth and lady Macbeth have done. All throughout the play, lady Macbeth had been shown as the strong, ruthlessly ambitious woman; the partner in crime with Macbeth and brains behind his initial actions. She had been the one who was not afraid of power and using any means to get it. Her role decreased a bit however after Macbeth began to make decisions for himself without consulting her, as in when he had Banquo killed and did not tell her beforehand. Whenever Macbeth broke down and showed signs of weakness, such as when he saw Banquo's ghost and after he killed Duncan, Lady Macbeth was there to snap him out of it. Examples- In act 3 scene 4 Lady Macbeth organized the lords while her husband was having hallucinations. However, in act 5 scene 1 we see a drastically different side of Lady Macbeth. She becomes insane from the guilt weighing on her conscience, and begins to talk and reveal things in her sleep. She is not as bad as Macbeth was though, as she only reveals things unconsciously. These 4 scenes in Act 5 were very different from each other, but we were able to find some universal themes. We decided that these scenes are all part of the end of the falling action, because the essence of these scenes are alternating from going through Macbeth/Lady Macbeth’s (protagonist) side or point of view on things to Malcolm/Macduff’s (antagonist) side. As well, most of the scenes are starting to go towards the antagonists side; Malcolm has found a way to deceive Macbeth (scene 4 with the boughs) and he is also fulfilling the prophesies of the witches/supernatural, and everything seems to be going downhill for Macbeth the protagonist. Topic: Sickness
Theme:Both people and countries have become sick under bad leadership. In Scotland's case, this bad leadership would be Macbeth. Act 5 scene 2 lines 27-29.
Cathness: Meet we the medicine of the sickly weal,
And with him pour we in our country’s purge each drop of us.
Here Cathness compares the English army to medicine for the sick Scotland. Act 5 scene 3 lines 50-54.
Macbeth: If thou couldst, doctor, cast
The water of my land, find her disease,
And purge it to a sound and pristine health,
I would applaud thee to the very echo,
That should applaud again. Here Macbeth is admitting to the doctor that his country is sick and there is nothing he can do about it. In Lady Macbeth's case, the bad leadership was her evil side that had been controlling her to the point where she got sick from it. Act 5 scene 3 line 45.
Doctor: Therein the patient
Must minister to himself.
Here, the doctor is saying that he cannot do much for Lady Macbeth and she must heal herself. What would Macbeth do?! Rules: In the beginning of this play not much was known about Macduff, as he wasn’t much of a main character but we see that he is portrayed as a caring, cautious and honorable person; he is respectful and cares for the greater good of all, as we can see from the way he acts. In this scene, they go into
a very interesting conversation about why Macbeth is unfit to be a leader. They say that he has made this country sick, a theme that has been present throughout all of act 4 and 5. They also discuss that they have to end this problem once and for all, which they later do. Theme: Topic: Topic The topic in this scene is revenge. I believe that this is the topic because it is present during the whole scene. They talk about how Macbeth was not ft for the throne, and that he could never live up to King Duncan. Revenge ties in here because they go to kill Macbeth out of revenge, not only for killing Duncan, but also Macduff's family. Actions What goes around comes around Theme The theme in this scene would be justified revenge. This is very accurate during scene 2. Menteth, Cathness, Lennox, and Angus all seek justified revenge against Macbeth for killing the king. But, is any revenge justified, and if they continue on the path they are on, will they not become just what Macbeth has? The theme in this scene would be justified revenge. This is very accurate during scene 2. Menteth, Cathness, Lennox, and Angus all seek justified revenge against Macbeth for killing the king. But, is any revenge justified, and if they continue on the path they are on, will they not become just what Macbeth has? This means that since Macbeth did evil actions, his times of prosperity resulting from those actions will eventually have to end because life will always come around and he will have to pay for what he has done. He is now regretting what he has done and thinking that it was a bad idea because life has finally come around and now Macbeth has to pay. It is evident that Macbeth is facing revenge of his actions when Lady Macbeth gets ill BECAUSE she killed King Duncan, and the English army is approaching BECAUSE of his evil deeds and his rule.