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Heather Manko

on 24 April 2013

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Playing Games to Increase Sight Word Recognition Heather Ashby
Bruceton Elementary School
Kindergarten - The main focus of the kindergarten content standards are based around learning to read and write.

-Students were struggling with basic sight word recognition.

-The staff at Bruceton is working hard to increase student skills on letter recognition, sound recognition, phonological awareness, decoding and overall word recognition. Rationale - The school is located in the city of Bruceton Mills, WV.

-There are 601 students enrolled from Pre-K to eighth grade.

-Among the teachers, staff members include; one guidance counselor, four special educators, two speech teachers, one nurse, one secretary, one principal and one assistant principal. Contexts of Bruceton Elementary - Students sit at tables, rather than desks.

-There are four tables arranged throughout the room that are designated to learning centers that focus on math, reading, and writing.

-Students have access to a bookshelf, three computers, art supplies, and various hands-on manipulatives.

-17 students: 11 boys & 6 girls

-No IEP's

-6 students are reading below grade level, 7 are on grade level, and 4 are above. The Kindergarten Classroom -Rudolf Flesh wrote the book, "Why Johnny Can’t Read and What You Can Do About It", in 1955. Flesch believed in “endless repetition” and that the proper way to teach children to read was to teach them phonics before anything else. This began the “reading war” (Barry, 2008, page 43).

-This war continued for quite a while until congress eventually stepped in and appointed a group of researchers to investigate this issue.

-After 100,000 reading research studies, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 2000 drew the conclusion that “effective reading programs should include instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and text comprehension,” (Barry, 2008).

-More research was completed in the area of reading and educators were able to discover what was actually most important in a reading program; effectiveness.

-In order to meet the needs of each unique individual in the classroom, educators must have a strong knowledge of a variety of methods that can be used to reach each student. This also requires that each educator have a strong knowledge of each student as an individual so the correct balance for each is utilized for the best outcome for all individuals (Gambrell, 2007). Research Support for the use of Games to Increase Sight Word Recognition Guiding Questions 1. How can I implement games in my kindergarten classroom to increase sight word recognition?

2. How can I use games to increase enthusiasm about learning? Teaching Plan - This strategy was implemented everyday over a two week period.

- A pretest was given before implementation began; a variety of hands-on games were played everyday, a post test was given after implementation was completed.

-A teacher research journal was kept throughout the entire project.

-Prior to beginning the project, each student was given a "Student Reading Interest Survey." Implemented Games Implemented Games Implemented Games Conclusion There was an increase in every students test scores.

Pre-test and post-test results displayed that this strategy was effective.

Personally, I would say that this project was a success. Not only did students overall sight word recognition improve, but I also saw the students gain confidence in themselves and their reading throughout the project. They also learned that reading can be fun. It doesn't have to be all serious all the time. They were learning while playing games, and they didn't even realize it! Recommendations Be flexible!

Always encourage students. It can make a world of difference.

If possible, implement this project over a longer span of time. Two weeks just wasn't enough. Acknowledgments I would like to thank:

My kindergarten host teacher and aide, Mrs. Conner and Mrs. Roxanne, for their limitless support throughout this entire project.

My 3rd grade host teacher, Mrs. Messenger, and the rest of the 3rd grade team, for their encouragement and helping me stay positive throughout this process.

All of the Bruceton School faculty, staff, and Principal, Dr. Tupper, for going above and beyond to help me feel welcomed and like I was in the right profession.

My student teaching peers and my family for being an awesome support system.

My students!!
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