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Women's Education throughout the 1900's
Transcript of Women's Education throughout the 1900's
Women's Education throughout the 1900's
•Great Depression starts before new decade
•Women’s education highly affected by the Great Depression throughout the 1930’s
•Sex segregated schools
•Home economic courses
•Women’s main role: wife and mother
•Top jobs: nursing and teaching
Even though there had been progress with the war women’s roles digressed again in the 50’s:
Stay at home mothers
•1971: 18 year old’s have the right to vote.
•1972: people thought men and women should be treated equally.
•1973: Roe v. Wade
•1976: Women are admitted into the U.S. Military academies
How did women’s education change and evolve through the 1900s?
How did government action influence the progression of women’s
education in the 1900s?
How did social actions influence the progression of women’s education
in the 1900s?
With the creation of the cult of domesticity, there came a need for women as elementary educators. This lead to schools of higher education admitting women into night or summer courses. Therefore, womens enrollment in colleges reached a new high at 7.6% of the female population.
As a direct result of these new educational opportunities
for women, the literacy rate among women doubled.
Efforts were then directed at gaining the right for
women to become secondary level educators as well.
The movement for women’s education came prior to the movement for their right to vote. Therefore, college educated women become the base for the suffrage movement, which succeeded in 1920 with the passage of the 19th amendment, allowing women to be able to vote.
In 1962, Betty Friedan's book The Feminine Mystique captured the frustration and even the despair of a generation of college-educated housewives who felt trapped and unfulfilled. Friedan’s writing had such an impact that it is credited with sparking the "second wave" of the American feminist movement.
A group of feminists including Betty Friedan decided to found an organization that would fight
gender discrimination through the courts and legislatures. In the summer of 1966, they launched the National Organization for Women (NOW), which went on to lobby Congress for pro-equality laws and assist women seeking legal aid as they battled workplace discrimination in the courts.
A Look Back: 11 Memorable Photos of Classrooms From 1910 to 2012. (n.d.). Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://www.takepart.com/photos/classroom/1920s--a-class-for-women-at-a-local-library
Chautauqua County Schools. (n.d.). Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nychauta/School/School.htm
Decade by Decade: 1920s - Women of the Century - DiscoverySchool.com. (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/decadebydecade/1920s.html
Early College Women:. (n.d.). Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://www.northnet.org/stlawrenceaauw/college.htm
Webb, L. (2014). 3.8 Education of Women in the New Republic: The Cult of Domesticity. InHistory of American Education: Voices and Perspectives. Bridgepoint Education.
Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913. (2014, November 27). Retrieved November 29, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman_Suffrage_Parade_of_1913
Returning citizens are excited about their right to vote. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://www.examiner.com/article/returning-citizens-are-excited-about-their-right-to-vote
Roe vs. Wade - 1970s D. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from https://sites.google.com/a/peddie.org/1970s-d/domestic-policy-economics/women-s-rights/roe-vs-wade
Edith Hornik Beer. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://gslis.simmons.edu/edith/opportunities
The number of women in the workforce increases from 25 to 36 percent. Many women became business employees. Many women quit their jobs are teachers and nurses to find better jobs. Colleges were quick to realize the implications of having more women on a career track, so many colleges developed educational curriculums for women at the college level.
In 1945 Harvard Medical School begin to admit women for the first time. Many women begin earning college degrees and PhD’s.
The Women’s Army Corps (WAC) was established and Congress authorized women to serve in the U.S. Navy.
Elementary Schools were becoming even stricter. Many schools were still separated by sex. Boys and girls weren't allowed to play together on the same playgrounds at most schools.
In 1950 women only made up 30% of college students, compared to the 47% in the 1920’s.
Mothers not professionals
In the 50’s the TV became a larger part of families lives affecting how people viewed the news:
1955 Rosa Parks Refuses to give up her bus seat
Major African Civil Rights Movements
Brown v. Board of Education
The role of women was heavily influenced by society and culture at the time examples:
“I Love Lucy”
“Ozzie and Harriet”
Both of these shows included stereotypical gender roles.
•Women made up 39% of college undergraduates and 20% of college faculty
•Alice Paul founds the National Women’s Party to abolish discrimination against women.
•Thousands of women’s suffrage supporters march on the Capitol the day before President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration.
•Jeanette Rankin becomes the first woman elected to Congress.
•World War I (1917-1918) causes women to step into jobs left by men who went to war.
•The League of Women Voters is founded.
Elle Bane, Jen Pereles, Katie Murfit, Meagan Randles, Morgan Berninger, Morgan Million, Vanessa Preusz