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Igbo Ceremonies and rituals

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Nancy Pecha

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Igbo Ceremonies and rituals

Igbo Ceremonies and rituals
Birth // marriage // burial
Birth
Marriage
Burial
Burial of the Umbilical Cord
Cord is cut and buried after birth.
Buried under tree at the place of birth.
Amount of fruit relates to child's future wealth.
Circumcision
3-8 days after birth, baby boys are circumcised.
The father consults the oracle to confirm a date.
Performed by a skilled woman in the same village.
First Hair and Nail Cutting
20 days after birth.
Hair and nails are spiritual connections.
Performed by a grandmother.
Buried together.

Naming Ceremony
Most elaborate and religious ceremony.
Usually elderly family member chooses name.
Each name has own meaning.
Immediate Preparations
Only buried when death is a natural and respected.
Body is stretched out on plantain leaves, sponged down and rubbed with camwood dye.
Women taken back to ancestral village for burial, men laid out in living room.
Wake
Eldest son welcomes community into home with kola nuts and palm wine.
Prayers spoken to ancestral spirits.
Lasts all night, gun shots are fired in the morning to alert the village that death has occurred.
First Burial
Body covered in cloth.
Buried in living room with most valuable possessions.
Body placed in grave and encased in wooden planks.

Second Burial
Celebration of life.
Several months after death.
Dancing and feast with community.
Deceased is believed to finally enter the spiritual world.
Preparation
Traditional marriage = Igbankwu.
Involves parents and extended family.
Groom asks partner to marry him
Visits bride's residence with his father to explain the purpose of his visit.
Bride's settlement is chosen.
Ceremony
Wine and kola nuts presented to bride's father.
Marriage takes place in bride's compound.
Bride sells boiled eggs on morning of wedding.
Father gives bride cup of palm wine.
While she drinks, groom hides.
Upon finding the groom, they are traditionally married.
Celebration
Large parties and feasts are held to celebrate before and after wedding.

Nuptial dance.

Sources
http://www.igboculture.org/HT-chapter11.htm

http://igbocybershine.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/infancy-rites-among-the-igbo-of-nigeria.pdf

http://people.opposingviews.com/burial-rites-igbo-culture-2377.html

http://classroom.synonym.com/burial-rites-igbo-culture-19008.html

http://www.igboguide.org/HT-chapter11.htm

http://afrikannames.com/2009/12/13/generic-naming-ceremony/

http://afrikannames.com/2009/12/11/the-eight-bowl-ceremony/

http://www.africaguide.com/culture/tribes.ibo.htm
Full transcript