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106.02 A Video Production
Transcript of 106.02 A Video Production
Plan the Video
Scriptwriting and Storyboarding
1. Setup equipment such as tripods, cameras, and lighting
2. Record footage according to the storyboard
3. Save and organize recorded video
Edit Footage and Output footage
Trim, cut and arrange footage
Add foley (sound effects)
Compost film (add green screen effects)
Review film and edit again. (repeat as often as neccesary)
Export video: Output (or share) file
Optimize film for format it will be used. Example: Don't export a film for 1080p if it will only be seen on youtube. Likewise, don't save a file at 480 p if you want to burn a DVD of it.
The goal of any film is to create something that fits the need of the intended audience.
What software can edit and export Digital Video? What programs do we have that can do this?
1st: Use an outline to determine the sequence of events and the purpose of the project.
What is the reason for the script?
Commercial - What is the product?
Entertainment - What is the story?
Information - What needs to be conveyed?
News - What happened?
PSA - What is the message?
2nd: Write a script that conveys the intended message
3rd: Determine the hardware and software needed
Storyboards are essental
A. They help you get a sense of how a finished ilm will look
B. They minimize wasted time during filming.
C. Identify key parts of your film
D. Help you remember which shots go where when it comes time to edit.
E. You can even use it as a script.
Determine the overallpurpose of the project?
Determine the intended target audience?
Rule of Thirds
mentally dividing the frame into thirds both horizontally and vertically (similar to a tic-tac-toe board); subject should occupy two-thirds of the frame
Use MEDIUM SHOTS throughout your video to show a part of the subject with more detail while still giving an impression of the location/environment
(ex : framing a subject from waist up)
Long (Wide) Shot
Use close-up shots throughout the video to show a particular part of a subject with more detail. Used to show reactions and emotion.
(ex: framing a subject from shoulders up)
High Angle Shot
when camera location is above normal eye-level compared to the subject
(Use this to make the subject appear small, weak, inferior, or scared)
to focus a camera on an object using a zoom lens so that the object's apparent distance from the observer changes, but the physical location of the camera does not change. —often used with "in" or "out"
Pivoting the camera side to side
Pivoting the camera up and down
Rolling the camera either closer to or farther away from the subject
Better than Zoom to make film have 3D feel
Rolling the camera with the subject horizontally. Like following a subject down a hallway.
Adjusting the camera’s lens settings to make the footage of the subject clear and not blurry. You can focus with automatic focus cameras by holding on what you want to be in focus, then moving to frame your shot
White balance is a way of adjusting COLOR. The camera operator selects one part of a picture that is true white, then all the colors become balanced.
Extreme Close-Up Shot
Use extreme close up shot in a video to depict an emotion with one part of a face.
a movement where the camera is attached to a crane. This type of shot can move from beside the subject to above the subject. (or vice versa)
Iris small Iris wide
Start each new scene with a WIDE SHOT which shows subject and location/environment in its entirety
(ex : framing a subject from head to toe)
Low Angle Shot
when camera location is below normal eye-level compared to the subject
(Use this to make the subject appear tall, powerful, dominating, or scary)
Camera Operation Terms
Before White Balance After White Balance
To adjust the amount of light entering the camera,
the operator adjusts the iris. A wide or open isis setting allows more light into the camera. A small or closed iris setting allows less light.
tower in focus
flower in focus
Cut in (cut away)
Shows the detail as to what is happing. Example: a hand reaching for a flower or a knife.
Essential to help tell exactly what is happening in the story