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Transcript of Verbals
Simply put, verbals are words that look like verbs but are not. So, what are they?
Well, a verbal can adopt different parts of speech: verbals can be nouns, adjectives and adverbs.
There are four different verbals:
c. present participles
d. past participle
ENGLISH GRAMMAR II
LESSON 1: VERBALS
PROFESSOR: RICARDO MAYÉN
INFINITIVES AS NOUNS:
To find a solution for this problem will be a challenge.
Sara planned to visit Chernobyl last April 26.
Erick's goal is to buy a house for his mom.
Edwin's dream, to see a Barcelona's game, will have to wait.
INFINITIVES AS ADJECTIVES:
Do you have the money to pay for the meal?
It is time to go.
INFINITIVES AS ADVERBS:
Marvin got the book to study about clauses.
To forgive, you need to let go of resentment.
GERUNDS: ALL GERUNDS ARE NOUNS.
Rappelling is an activity that excites me.
Julio's dream is teaching grammar here.
Daniel looks forward to going to the beach this weekend.
PRESENT PARTICIPLES AS ADJECTIVES
Her lips are so distracting!
PRESENT PARTICIPLES AS PART OF PROGRESSIVE FORMS
Mariela has been preparing herself for the presentation.
The kids are burying the "treasure" in the backyard.
Working in a corner, the man seemed distracted. (Working is showing an activity in progress although there is no auxiliary verb.)
PAST PARTICIPLES AS ADJECTIVES
The broken window allowed the raccoons to get in.
The patients are really sick and tired of Nurse Santos' attitude.
PAST PARTICIPLES AS PART OF PASSIVE VOICE OR PERFECTIVE FORMS
They could have seen what happened.
The truck had left when I got there.
Remember, verbals are not verbs!
What are the parts of speech verbals can take?
What functions can an infinitive take? What about past participles?
What is the difference between a present participle and a gerund?