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Hundred Years War
Transcript of Hundred Years War
PERIODS OF HUNDRED YEARS WAR
The French king, John II, had been held captive in England. The Treaty of Brittany set his ransom at 3 million crowns and allowed for hostages to be held in lieu of John. The hostages included two of his sons, several princes and nobles, four inhabitants of Paris, and two citizens from each of the nineteen principal towns of France. While these hostages were held, John returned to France to try and raise funds to pay the ransom. In 1362 John's son Louis of Anjou, a hostage in English-held Calais, escaped captivity. So, with his stand-in hostage gone, John felt honour-bound to return to captivity in England.
In 1366 there was a civil war of succession in Castile (part of modern Spain). The ruler Peter of Castile's forces were pitched against those of his half-brother Henry of Trastámara. The English crown supported Peter and the French, Henry. French forces were led by Bertrand du Guesclin, a Breton, who rose from relatively humble beginnings to prominence as one of France's war leaders. Charles V provided a force of 12,000, with du Guesclin at their head, to support Trastámara in his invasion of Castile.
Two years later of the Treaty of Troys, the kings of England and France were dead. The crown of France and England fall into the hands of Enrique VI, boy of one year, son of Catalina and Enrique V of England. The French people very sad cause the dead of their king, give the crown to Carlos VII brother of Catalina and they continue the fight for the liberty of France. When the French people were defeated, appear Joan of Arc, who beat the English people in Orleans in 1429. There were more battles for the liberty of France and they continue with more triunfs. In 1453 the English people only have the Port of Calais, wich definitely they will loose it.
CAUSES OF THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR
Also exist economic causes: The trade that supplies English wool, looms of Flanders whose bourgeois and artisans were in favor of England, while the French crown supported the Flemish.
CONSEQUENCES OF THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR
A consequence was that Joan of Arc fought the English, overcame the city and consecrated as king Charles VII (1429).
Charles VII was recovering territories: Paris (1436), Normandy (1450) and Bordeaux (1453). War resulted in the development of a centralized power, characteristic of modern monarchs.
And finally the shift to the Atlantic that is the maritime core axis in the European domain.
SOME IMPORTANT CHARACTERS
IMPORTANT EVENTS OF THE WAR
Juan Jose Arevalo
Andres Felipe Rodriguez
Enrique V of England battled between Carlos VI of France who was the loser of the battle in Aziocourt in 1415 . Carlos VI was obligated to sign the Treaty of Troys in 1420 who tell that Enrique V was the next one to be the king of France. Enrique V married with Catalina that was the daughter of Carlos VI .
Joan of Arc: was a French woman that was very humble, she was of christian faith and she was very loyal to the king. Some people with envy of what she did, capture her and give her to the English people. The English people accused her of bewitchment and they burn her in fire.
The hundred years war was a series
of conficts between France and England.
years. It was from 1337 to 1453.
some people say that lasted exactly 116
All the battles of the hundred years war were done in France. This war had to do a lot with the coveting of
France from a number of feudal lands to a whole national state.
England was more advanced than France in technology in weapons and some other artifacts. The hundred year war was one of the most hitorical
events in the story of England.
Battle of Poitiers 1356
The 4 More Important Battles
Battle of Crecy 1346
The battle which was fought at the village of Crecy in northern France went into history. The Genoese mercenary and the elite force of France were an easy target for the English warriors so the longbowmen or archers of England attack them and win that battle the commander was Edward III.
Again, the English longbowmen played the decisive roe in the outcome of the battle. The French king John II was captured during the battle and taken to England.
Battle of Agincourt 1415
The battle marked the last of the three brilliant English victories in the Hundred Years War against France. English, commanded by King Henry V decisively defeated the numerically superior French army and conquered much of France.
Lifting of the Siege of Orleans 1429
Joan of Arc, a 17 year old French girl who claimed guidence lifted the Siege of Orleans which marked the turning point in the war. One of the greatest successes of the French army during the entire war enable Charles VII to travel to Rheims to be crowned as king of France.
HUNDRED YEARS WAR
JOAN OF ARC
On the death of Charles VI to the throne of Filipe VI the claims of Edward III of England was one cause of the Hundred Years War
Charles the VI of France was born in Paris the 3 of December of 1368. He was known as Charles the well loved. He was son of Charles V and Joan of Borbon. He inherited the throne of his father at the age of 11 years. His sons were Charles the VII and Catalina of Valois. Charles died on October 21 of 1442 in Paris.
CHARLES THE VI
CHARLES THE VI
(1428-1429) SIEGE OF ORLEANS: was the turning point of the hundred years war. After 80 years of war the frenchs take the advantage with the desisive battle at Orleans.
Militarily, the French army was based on heavy cavalry symbol of nobility, while the groin combined cavalry infantry armed with powerful bows of cedar.
An other consequence of this was that there start a crisis of the feudal nobility and the emergence of the modern army.
Other was that the comercial expantion because its textile development and the spanish monopolisacion of the wool market of Flanders.
The English's weapon selection included the longbow, which could shoot almost precisely had great distances. The French did not have this weapon
CONFLICT OVER FLANDERS
Flanders wanted the independence about french control, and asks England for help.
A STRUGLE FOR NATIONAL IDENTIFY
France was not a united country before the war and the french king controllrd only half about the country.
END OF THE WAR
- Despite Joan's capture and French adavanced continue.
-In 1450 English had lost their mayor centers except Calais.
-In 1453 the frenh armies captured an Englis-held fortress.
-There was not treaty only a cessation of hostilities.
AREVALO PON TU INFO
PARDO TU ENTIENDES LOQUE VASA DECIR
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England from 1 February 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II.
Inspired buy the memorie of Joan of Arc, the French people battle until they defeated th English people.