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Hazara-Pashtun Conflict in Afghanistan

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Jenna Maclean

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Hazara-Pashtun Conflict in Afghanistan

Hazara-Pashtun Conflict
in Afghanistan Kabul Hazarajat Afghanistan First Hazara Uprising 1888 1893 Third Hazara Uprising 1892 Rise of the Taliban 1998 Robatak Pass Mass Murder 2000 mass Execution 2001 Speak a dialect of Persian Sunni Muslims Many Pashtuns also
speak Persian Hazara Pashtun Pakistan Quetta Ended in 1890 Shi'a Muslims Descended from Mongols Speak Pashto Iranic ethnic group 42% of Afghans 9% of Afghans What is the difference
between Sunni and Shi'a? Shi'a Sunni Believed Muhammad's friend and advisor, Abu Bakr, should be his successor Believed Muhammad's
son-in-law, Ali,
should be his successor The Guardian "Hazaras are victims of the blame game in Afghanistan"- Kamran Mir Hazar-2010 "You cannot find any statement by the general or other Afghan officials that is so quick to identify a terrorist as Pashtun. All Afghanistan knows that 99% of the Taliban are Pashtun. But when it comes to terrorist ethnic labelling, it is the Hazara who are specifically named by government officials. How fair is that?

To think that a Hazara man would be welcomed and protected by the Taliban is a fantasy. On 24 June, it was reported that at least nine Hazaras were assassinated by the Taliban in Uruzguan, a province dominated by Pashtuns." The Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini "Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nose here. His people pollute our homeland, our watan. They dirty our blood...Afghanistan for Pashtuns, I say. That's my vision." "They called him "flat-nosed" because of Ali and Hassan's characteristic Hazara Mongoloid features. For years, that was all I knew about the Hazaras, that they were Mongol descendants, and that they looked a little like Chinese people. School text books barely mentioned them and referred to their ancestry only in passing...I read that my people, the Pashtuns, had persecuted and oppressed the Hazaras. It said that the Hazaras had tried to rise against the Pashtuns in the nineteenth century, but the Pashtuns had "quelled them with unspeakable violence." The book said that my people had killed the Hazaras, driven them from their lands, burned their homes, and sold their women." Persecution of Hazaras in Pakistan Small groups of Afghan Hazaras settled in Quetta, Pakistan in the late 19th century February 2013-bombing in Hazara Town, Quetta 1993 massacre Second Hazara Uprising Abdur Rahman Khan The Taliban Openly declared the Hazara would be targeted Claim that Hazaras are not Muslims and are infidels Predominantly Pashtuns Mazar-i-Sharif Mazar-i-Sharif massacre Fall of Hazarajat Sources wikipedia.org
bbc.co.uk 85% of Afghanistan are Sunni Muslims 15% of Afghanistan are Shi'a Muslims Timeline of Persecution against Hazaras Taliban Flag
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