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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
Means "rule of the people"
Two main types:
Direct Democracy- All citizens have direct and active participation in decisions made
Representative Democracy- Political power is exercised indirectly through elected representatives The power is given to a single person
Absolute monarchy- The monarch has very few restrictions
Constitutional monarchy- The monarch has limited power
Hereditary monarchy- The office is passed through inheritance
Elective monarchy- The monarch is elected through a system of voting Monarchy One person possesses absolute power without constitutional limitations
Usually use force or fraud to gain power
Maintain power through intimidation, terror, and depriving people of basic rights Dictatorship A deity is the civil ruler
Policies are decided by divinely guided officials
Examples: Moses leading the Israelites and Muhammad ruling the early Muslims Theocracy Oligarchy Power is controlled by a small group of people
This group is set apart by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, or military control
Does not have to be connected by blood Democracy