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Y12: England 1625-1701. Quest for political stability, 1625-88

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Josh Coughlan

on 27 February 2017

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Transcript of Y12: England 1625-1701. Quest for political stability, 1625-88

Y12: England 1625-1701
Theme 1: Quest for political stability, 1625-88

Gain a sense of the period with key features and themes.
How these themes are linked.
Significance and chronology.
What happened in England 1625-1701?
Welcome to History A Level: Y12 Overview
Russia 1881-1924
England 1625-1701
England 1625-1701 Overview
Theme 1:
Quest for political
stability, 1625-88
Theme 2:
Religion, conflict and
dissent, 1625-88

Theme 3:
Social and intellectual challenge, 1625-88

Theme 4:
Economy, Trade and
Empire, 1625-88
+ Historical interpretations
Breadth study
Knowledge dunk.
Write down everything you know about England from 1625-1701.
Remember: The Tudors ruled until 1603.
Monarchy: The big picture.
Success criteria:
Describes the chronology of the period in detail.
Categorise the events into key themes.
Evaluates the degree of progress experienced by England in the 1600s across the different spheres.
What links the two units?
What constitutes as a revolution?
Overthrow of an established political order and reconstruction of this along new lines.
Violence - non-violent or 'bloodless' revolutions are not unknown, but they are rare.
Mass participation - in other words, revolutions are at least to some degree popular uprisings.
What constitutes as a coup d'etat?
The sudden and forced seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.
The hierarchical system of
government and society.
The proceedings of the government and how it worked.

Independent research
What was the structure of government and society in England, 1625?
Charles succeeded the throne in March, 1625 and inherited an empty Treasury and a dwindling credit.
He inherited the thrones of three British kingdoms: England (with Wales), Ireland and Scotland.
The main issue that Charles faced was the war with Spain that had been fought by his father, James I.
Attempted to gain a loan from City of London merchants of £60,000 but it was not enough.
Success criteria:
What is happening in this picture?
What does it reveal about attitudes of the time?
What consequences may these attitudes have?
Structure of government and society, 1625
Task: Group notes and presentation
Royal court
Privy council
Common law courts
Local government in counties and boroughs
Prerogative Courts
The Church
Key things to think about:
1. Who exercised the most power in England, other than the monarch?
2. What is the significance of the fact that most positions outside the royal court were unpaid?
In pairs research on the computers and make notes on one of the following:
Describes the structure of
the government and society.
Explains the significance of the hierarchical
structure on the balance power.
Evaluates who exercised the most
power in England, other than the monarch.
The chronology of Charles and the government from 1625-1629.

: Why Charles reigned by personal rule 1629.

: significance

Interpreting evidence,

Why did monarchical government fail in the years 1625-1629?
Success criteria:
Explains the chronology of Charles' actions and the government.
Assesses the significance of prerogative rule.
Evaluates the impact of the Duke of
Buckingham on the dissolution of
Task: Why did monarchical government fail in the years 1625-1629?
Read pp.12-14 and complete the following table:
Who had the most power in comparison to the monarch?
Compare the different groups,
who exercised the most power?
Who exercised the least power?
What consequences might the structure of government have?
Charles' actions that
caused confrontation
Charles' actions during his personal rule.

: Why Charles' personal rule collapsed in 1629.
: Interpretation

Interpreting evidence,
debate, group work

Is 'Eleven Years of Tyranny' a fair representation of Charles' personal rule?
Success criteria:
Task: Why did monarchical government fail in the years 1625-1629?
Read pp.12-16 and complete the following table:
General events
Charles' actions
Prerogative rule
To what extent was George Villiers to blame for the breakdown of relations between the crown and parliament between 1625 and 1629?
How does the video depict Charles' personal rule?
TASK: "Each one Teach One": Quad-Fold Note Taking
In groups of 4 take a section each:
Then you need to teach your section to each of your peers.
1. Government and finance
2. New order in Church and state
3. Reaction and resistance
4. Scottish troubles
Make notes as you watch the video.
Fair representation
Unfair representation
Describes key features of Charle's personal rule.
Teaches others about a key reason why Charles' reign may or may not be seen as tyrannical.
Evaluates the significance of Charles' actions
which led to the Parliamentarians naming his
personal rule as the 'Eleven Years of Tyranny'.
1.25 onwards
The events that led to the eruption of civil war in 1642.

: The different interpretations of what caused the civil war.
: Interpretation, causation
Interpreting evidence, symbology

What were the causes of the Civil War (1642-46)?
Success criteria:
Describes the events that led to the Civil War.
Explains the different historical interpretations of what caused the Civil War.
Evaluates the most significant cause for the
Civil War.
1. Briefly explain key events on the pathway to war from 1625.

2. Draw and explain links between events.

3. Categorise events according to political, social, economic and religious.

4. Rank events in order of the significance in causing the Civil War. Explain your judgement.
Steps to success
The road to Civil War
Produce a road map explaining the events that led to
and caused the Civil War in 1642.
How might you use these symbols to represent events?
Was the Civil War inevitable?
Cinema corner
Civil War
Home cinema
Class cinema
Constitutional Revolution and Civil War, 1640-1646
Crown and Political Nation, 1604-1640
Regicide and Republic, 1647-1660
An Unsettled Settlement: The Restoration Era, 1660-1688
England, Britain, and the World: Economic Development, 1660-1720
Refashioning the State, 1688-1714
Background context
Economic Expansion, 1560-1640
A Polarizing Society, 1560-1640
Street Wars of Religion: Puritans and Arminians
The events that happened between 1649-1660.

: The nature of reforms implemented by the Republic.
: Interpretation, significance
Categorising and interpreting evidence

Success criteria:
Describes the reforms that were implemented by Republican rule during 1649-1660.
Explain the consequences of these reforms on the stability of England and government.
Evaluate to what extent the reforms implemented
created stability in the government and English society.
To what extent did Republican rule provide a stable government, 1649-60?
AS level exam-style section A question
Was the conservative nature of parliament the main reason for the failure of republican governments to find a political settlement in the years 1649-60?
(20 marks)
Assess all the attempts at a political settlement you have encountered in this period - the Rump, Nominated Assembly, Protectorate Parliaments and rule of the major-generals.
Read pages 23-29 on the actions by the Republican government during their rule.
Did Republican actions stabilise England?
Decide whether a reform stabilised England or destabilised it.
Success criteria:
- Rump Parliament
- Nominated Assembly, 1653
- The First Protectorate Parliament, 1654-55
- Rule of Major Generals, 1655-56
- Humble Petition and Advice, 1657
Miss Flanagan's
George Villiers and
Charles' personal rule
Why the Stuart
monarchy was restored.
: Why the Stuart monarchy declined
in power.
: interpretation

presentation skills,

Why was the Stuart monarchy restored in 1660 only to collapse 28 years later?
Success criteria:
Describes the key events leading to the
succession of William III of Orange.
Teaches peers in depth about their selected topic
and gives a detailed account.
Evaluates the significance of their chosen
topic on the reasons why the Stuart monarchy
was restored and/ or declined.

Research task
Collapse of royal power
Research and produce a presentation on the following criterion to teach your classmates:
The Restoration Settlement, 1660-64
Richard Cromwell &
General George Monck
Conflicts between king and parliaments, 1665-81
The Rye House Plot
James II and personal rule
- Renewed suspicions and the Popish Plot
- The Exclusion Crisis, 1679-81
- Latitudinarian and religion
- Cavalier parliament
William III of Orange
Why was the Stuart monarchy restored in 1660 only to collapse 28 years later?
Key reasons for collapsation:
What was the most significant reason for the collapse of the Stuart monarchy and why?
Parliament's actions that
caused confrontation
EXT: Whose actions had the most significant impact?
1. What years did Charles I reign?
2. What years was the Interregnum period?
3. What years did Charles II reign?
4. What years did James II reign?
5. What were the causes and consequences of the 'Five Knights' Case'?
6. Why did Charles promote the Arminian religion?
7. What was the Treaty of Madrid, 1630 and what were its consequences?
8. Why did Charles' introduction of the English Prayer Book to Scotland cause such a controversy?
9. State 3 causes of the Civil War.
10. Why was Charles sentenced to death in January, 1649?
11. Why did Scotland switch sides from the first civil war to the second civil war?
12. State 3 reasons why the Republican governments failed.
13. What was the Cavalier parliament?
14. State 3 reasons why there was a renewed suspicion of the monarchy in the years 1665-1678
15. What was the Treaty of Dover, 1670?
16. What was the Popish Plot?
17. What was the Exclusion Crisis, 1679-81?
18. What was the Rye House Plot and its consequences?
19. Why did royal power collapse in 1688?
20. Who were invited to the throne in 1688?
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