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English Literature Shakespeare Biography Presentation
Transcript of English Literature Shakespeare Biography Presentation
William Shakespeare was born in 1564 to a successful middle-class glove-maker in Stratford-upon-Avon, England.
- In 1582 he married an older woman, Anne Hathaway, and had three children with her. - The fact that he had three children himself, meant the idea King Lear having three children came from his own personal life.
- Shakespeare authored King Lear around 1605, The play was written between 1603 and 1606 and later revised. Shakespeare's earlier version, The True Chronicle of the History of the Life and Death of King Lear and His Three Daughters, was published in quarto in 1608
- Shakespeare wrote the role of Lear for his company's chief tragedian, Richard Burbage, for whom Shakespeare was incrementally writing older characters as their careers progressed.
- It has been speculated either that the role of the Fool was written for the company's clown Robert Armin, or that it was written for performance by one of the company's boys, doubling the role of Cordelia.
- He was part owner of the Globe - more inclined to write plays and passionate about theatre
Wealthy and renowned, Shakespeare retired to Stratford and died in 1616 at the age of fifty-two. At the time of Shakespeare’s death, literary luminaries such as Ben Jonson hailed his works as timeless.
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William Shakespeare: A Biographical Study
His career bridged the reigns of Elizabeth I (ruled 1558–1603) and James I (ruled 1603–1625), and he was a favorite of both monarchs. Indeed, James granted Shakespeare’s company the greatest possible compliment by bestowing upon its members the title of King’s Men.
-Having gained recognition as an actor and playwright Shakespeare had clearly ruffled a few feathers along the way – contemporary critic, Robert Green, described him in the 1592 pamphlet as an, "upstart Crow".
His earlier plays were mainly histories and comedies such as 'Henry VI', 'Titus Andronicus', 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', 'The Merchant of Venice' and 'Richard II'. The tragedy, 'Romeo and Juliet', was also published in this period. By the last years of Elizabeth I's reign Shakespeare was well established as a famous poet and playwright and was called upon to perform several of his plays before the Queen at court. In 1598 the author Francis Meres described Shakespeare as England’s greatest writer in comedy and tragedy.
- One possible event that may have influenced this play is a lawsuit that occurred not long before King Lear was written, in which the eldest of three sisters tried to have her elderly father, Sir Brian Annesley, declared insane so that she could take control of his property. Annesley’s youngest daughter, Cordell, successfully defended her father against her sister.
- Another event that Shakespeare and his audience would have been familiar with is the case of William Allen, a mayor of London who was treated very poorly by his three daughters after dividing his wealth among them. Not least among relevant developments was the then recent transfer of power from Elizabeth I to James I, which occurred in 1603. Elizabeth had produced no male heir, and the anxiety about who her successor would be was fueled by fears that a dynastic struggle along the lines of the fifteenth-century Wars of the Roses might ensue.
4 facts you probably didn't know about Shakespeare!
1.Shakespeare married an older woman who was three months pregnant at the time with a mutant baby.
2.Shakespeare’s parents were probably illiterate, and his children almost certainly were.
3. Nobody knows what Shakespeare did between 1585 and 1592.
4.Sources from William Shakespeare’s lifetime spell his last name in more than 80 different ways.