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Climate Change

Government 2nd Hour
by

Veronica Booth

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Climate Change

Climate Change Indifferent Yes, No Impact Importance Human Influence or Cyclical What is Climate Change? Significant and lasting changes in weather patterns. Many of us know this term as increasing temperatures as a result from greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Michigan is the second fastest warming state in the US! YOU affect the climate Driving increases emissions of CO2 When you throw away garbage (as simple as a coffee cup), it releases greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide as it rots. Activities involving electricity most likely either use nuclear power or the burning of coal to work. BOTH emit greenhouse gases either by:
The burning of coal
The mining/enrichment of uranium for nuclear power Climate Change Throughout Time Current Events Today: The polar bear numbers have been on the decline Did you know... How? 600 AD - 1250 AD: Earth warms due to variability of it's orbit Early 19th century: The Industrial Revolution 1250 - 1850: cooler temperatures; known as "the mini ice age" 1900 - Today: warming temperatures Government Policies of the Past Industrial revolution: policymakers and the public had little awareness of the industry's impact on the environment, so very few policies were made addressing the issue.
1881: Chicago and Cincinnati are the first two cities in the US to enact laws for cleaner air
1969: Nixon and NATO establish initiatives for research especially regarding climate change
1979: First world climate conference
1985: The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was created
1987: the Montreal Protocol limits the use of CFC's Climate change has become a more serious problem than it has ever been before. Since the Industrial Revolution, greenhouse gases have been piling up with no major restrictions from the government on emissions. This means that although conditions weren't as bad in the 1800's, we are now seeing and living through the detrimental effects, and need policies addressing this issue. Viewpoints Class Statistics Democrats: Political Parties Supporters of climate change and work to resolve the issue The inner ring shows how many people picked ratings 1-5 for how important climate change is today Republicans: The outer ring shows the ratings (1 being climate change due to human influence, 5 being cyclical) of the class. 2009: US House of Representatives passes The American Clean Energy and Security Act. 2006: California proposes forming the Climate Action Board. "There are a substantial number of scientists who have manipulated data so they will have dollars rolling into their projects..."
Rick Perry 8-17-11 Far-right Republicans don't really think global warming is an issue or even exists,
"Democrats use climate change as way to raise taxes and make people pay more" Climate Change is an issue, and is being effected by both human influence and natural occurrences. We believe this is an issue that must be dealt with. The EPA was created by Nixon (who was a Republican) in 1970 to protect human health and the environment by enforcing laws and regulations passed by Congress In general, Republicans don't support the idea of climate change, they believe there are more important things to worry about The Solution Adopt a solution similar to Emissions Trading schemes. This is where.... Pollution is controlled through economic incentives. An authority sets a limit on the amount of pollutant. Total number of permits cannot exceed the limit. Department of Transportation issued new fuel-economy standards Under the Obama administration: Emissions permits are then bought by businesses. Maggie Danicek
Amy Wadaga
Veronica Booth
2nd Hour U.S. will begin to catalog greenhouse gas emissions Economic Incentives How should the government address the issue of climate change? Promoting voluntary programs such as Energy Star and Waste Wise. Do you think your daily activities contribute to the changing climate? Subsidizing farmers and others to conserve habitat and control pollution. Imposing liability for natural resource damages Examples: Switching to energy efficient light bulbs is an easy way to lower the rate of greenhouse gas emissions. They last longer, generate less heat, and give off 4 times the the amount of light compared to incandescent bulbs. It is a tragedy unfolding in slow motion. According to a recent report from DARA... If we do nothing, over 100 million lives will be lost by 2030. Creating permits that allow a business to emit more gas. Management Measurements for greenhouse gases are taken by sensors, flow meters, or theoretical calculations. These are then reported to a regulator. Enforcement can be handled through fines, or sanctioning those that exceed their allowances. The effect of businesses not following rules can be fixed by discounting the price of permits. Emissions Trading Schemes: The main objective is to buy and sell allowances to emit greenhouse gases. First proposed in the U.K. and expanded to Europe where the Europe Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) was established. Works on a "Cap & Trade Basis On the 3rd phase today Labels found on 65 product categories 1.3 million new homes and 17,000 buildings
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