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The Dust Bowl
Transcript of The Dust Bowl
The combination of high winds, loose topsoil, and a drought caused a huge wave of dust to brush through the Great Plains.
These dust storms were common, and were highly dangerous.
These storms were so bad that men avoided shaking hands for fear that they would knock them over from shock.
What was the Dust Bowl?
The dust bowl was a severe drought named by the people living in the Great Plains region during the Great Depression.
This caused 60% of the population to leave the Great Plains region. ( History.com)
The dust bowl happened during the 1930s, when America was going through a Great Depression.
Causes of the Dust Bowl
In the early 1930's a long drought compounded with over farming led to a large scale erosion of topsoil. This topsoil, combined with high winds and a continued lack of rain, began to create dust storms know as black blizzards.
The Dust Bowl (continued)
"Some 850 million tons of topsoil blew away in 1935 alone." (www.pbs.org)
The dust storms started to push people out of the Great Plains region, and these Dust Bowl refugees were known as Okies.
Solutions to stop dust storms
One government reporter said, "Unless something is done, the western plains will be as arid as the Arabian desert." (www.pbs.org)
During these dreadful times in the Great Plains, President Roosevelt was finding solution for these highly dangerous dust storms.
He started the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) to help people start new farming methods by the help of CCC workers.
This encouraged to try new methods like contour plowing to limit erosion, and using federal money to help start new farms from recently failed ones.
The Dust Bowl is finally over
With the new farming methods and the government assisting the failed farms, the dust storms came to an end.
Starting in the 1940s during World War 2, rices of crops started to skyrockets and farmers were planting plenty of crops to sell.
It was good times for farmers once again.
"By 1940, more than 2.5 million people had fled from the regions affected by the dust bowl. Nearly 10 percent moved to California." (www. history.com)
The Dust Bowl
By Jack Pieper and Jacob Alanis
Why the Dust Bowl is Important
The Dust Bowl caused many citizens in the Great Plains area to move somewhere else.
To stop these dust storms, farmers worked on improving their farming methods. These methods helped the United States stay away from violent dust storms and provide decent crops to sell.
It helped people realize that in violent situations that could lead to many deaths like the dust bowl, somebody needs to take action to stop it.
Why the Dust Bowl is Important
A dust bowl survivor named Wayne Lewis quoted, " We want it now - and if it makes money now it's a good idea. But the things we are doing are going to mess up the future it wasn't a good idea. Don't deal on the moment. Take the long-term look at things. It's important that we do the right thing by the soil and the climate. History, is of value only if you learn from it." (www.pbs.org)
This man is saying that people should look at the future instead of worrying about what is going on in present day.
The Dirty Thirties
Area affected by the dust bowl
The Dust Bowl was located in Southeastern Colorado, Southwest Kansas, and the Panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas
The Dust Bowl's Lasting Legacy
The Dust Bowl helped farmers find new farming methods that led to better crops and better soil. Farmers still use these methods today.
Although it ruined lives, it also got farmers back into shape when they discovered the new farming methods.
People today remember the dust bowl and think about what we could have done better, At the time we were in a Great Depression, but FDR came along and saved many lives. He started the CCC that helped many farms get back on track.
Pictures of the Dust Bowl
Foner, Eric , and John Garraty, eds. "Dust Bowl."History.com. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Web. 7 Jan 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/dust-bowl>.
Lapsansky-Werner, Emma . United States History: Modern America. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc., 2010. Print.
Egan, Timothy . "The Dust Bowl Legacy." pbs.org. Washington D.C. and The Dust Bowl Film Project, LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Jan 2014.
"Dust Bowl map." capita.wustl.edu. N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://capita.wustl.edu/namaerosol/Dust Bowl map.htm>.
Taylor, Luke . "A Modern Allegory: 'The Dust Bowl: A Film By Ken Burns' ." www.popmatters.com. PopMatters.com. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://www.popmatters.com/review/165464-the-dust-bowl-a-film-by-ken-burns/>.
"Chapel of Jimmy Ray." chapelofjimmyray.typepad.com. N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://chapelofjimmyray.typepad.com/chapel_of_jimmy_ray/2012/03/escaping-oklahomathe-dust-bowl-of-the-mind.html>.
Klein, Christopher . "10 Things You May Not Know About the Dust Bowl." History.com. A&E Telivision Networks. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-dust-bowl>.
"Dust Bowl." WordPress.com. The Twenty Ten Theme. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://modelbfwproject.wordpress.com/2012/11/05/dust-bowl/>.
"Dust Bowl Photos." fineartamerica.com. N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://fineartamerica.com/art/photographs/dust bowl/all>.
"dust-bowl-refugees." floppingaces.net. N.p., 9 Jun 2011. Web. 9 Jan 2014. <http://floppingaces.net/2011/06/09/obamas-second-four-year-plan/dust-bowl-refugees/>.