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Genetically Modified Crops..
Transcript of Genetically Modified Crops..
Is genetic modification right or not. Should it be allowed. Sin???
OMDZ!!! GM Crops!!
Advantages of GM
Disadvantages of GM
Well there aren't many (none) that i can think of!!! Lets just skip to religion-
Many religions tend to disagree with the concept of genetic modification as it is viewed as messing with Gods creations. Furthermore it is unnatural and many religious figures have decided that as it is unnatural, it shouldn't be allowed. Another problem is that it causes pain to the animal or destroys the crop entirely if it is done wrong. In Buddhism and Hinduism, genetic engineering is considered sin you may be modifying the reincarnation of your or someone elses ancestor
Examples of genetically modified crops which may be harvested to produce the food you'll be eating at lunch today... enjoy!!
How does it benefit us?
Genetic engineering also allows us to research into the behavior of plants and learn more about their genes and DNA.
Plants could be modified in order to increase the rate of CO2 absorbed, therefore reducing the CO2 remaining in the atmosphere and slowing down the process of global warming, stopping the ice caps from melting and flooding tooting, hence saving our lives
Not everyone disagrees
Do any religions agree with it?
Judaism agrees with genetic modification due to the belief that animals were created for the use of mankind, so we should also be allowed to experiment on them, but we have to keep the pain to the minimum.
Well... I guess that's all folks!
"Well what is it?" You may ask!, the answer is: Its an indicator, a sign that the produce before you was genetically modified in order to introduce new material with various properties. Genetic modification is a process developed by man. Its involves messing around with the content of cells and the tissues of organisms but it has many advantages, this will all be explained later...
Genetic modification- (Google) Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology
Recently, some farmers have decided to genetically modify their sugar beets in order to increase the speed in which they grow and to also repel insects from touching them
Yeah.... Even potatoes! Scientists have decided to genetically modify potatoes so that their genes can carry a "Cholera vaccine" therefore allowing us to protect ourselves from cholera just by consuming genetically modified chips. The gene, once transferred to your bloodstream allows your blood cells to produce new antibodies designed to prevent you from ever receiving cholera. it sounds dodgy, i know! But you guys can check it out for yourselves on http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/curiosity/topics/10-genetically-modified-food-products.htm
Another vantage of genetically modifying potatoes is that you can prevent its various species from being wiped out by diseases such as Phytophthra infestans which killed a species of irish potatoes in the 1840's
BT Corn is genetically modified corn that includes a pesticide gene, killing any insects that try to consume it. By genetically modifying the corn, farmers will lose less of the produce due to parasites but the disadvantage is that it kills ALL bugs, including the main issue which is the Monarch butterfly; a butterfly that is dying out due to contact of corn.
By growing the genetically modified corn, farmers don't have to spend as much when it comes to buying pesticide during the year, which means more savings. Furthermore, the decline in use of pesticide will be beneficial to the environment.
Imagine a lemon..... now also imagine a tomato.... fuse them together and give the new substance a name. Israeli scientists did this to produce a new plant called a "Lemato", a fruit that smell and tastes kinda like a lemon but looks extremely familiar to the normal red tomatoes that we use in our food. This wasn't mass produced afterwards as it was an experiment carried out for only the purpose of recreation etc.
Normal tomatoes are only modified to prolong their life span/ time of use or to add a pesticide gene
One last example:- The Venomous Cabbage
We know that the crops that make our food can be genetically modified
....How does this modification take place?
The cabbage before you looks normal like every other cabbage you may have set your eyes on whilst at the supermarket but-what you may have already guessed is that- it's venomous!
Somebody call the cops, this lunatic is growing deadly cabbages!! Don't worry, this has been modified with the venom of a scorpions tail and is practically harmless to our bodies. The intention for this engineering was to decrease the use of pesticide and to kill any feeding caterpillars
When you go to the supermarket you will most likely see products with the following logo branded along its packaging: but maybe you have never wondered what it actually means.
Its like extracting the chocolatey tasting gene out of a cocoa bean and inserting it into a vanilla seed. The vanilla ice cream produced from the seed would have a hint of chocolate in its taste
The first step to genetic engineering is to select a product and think of how you would want to modify it, and where/ what you could get the gene from that contains the DNA with those properties.
The gene and strand of DNA bond to form a new unique code with an additional property. The new DNA is then inserted back into the nucleus of a cell and the cell is placed back inside organism 1 and divides constantly, cloning itself and allowing organism 1 to take on the new properties.
The process of genetic engineering
Genetic engineering takes place over the procedure of a few steps. Its basically the extraction of the desired gene and the placement in an organism which you wish to alter using that gene.
The next step is to get the organism you wish to modify and the other organism with the desired property(Lets call it organism 2 or O2 for short). Use biological scissors (enzymes) to extract the gene out of O2 and use another set of biological scissors to cut out a strand of DNA from organism 1 (the organism which you wish to alter).
We can modify plants to produce needed medicines
We can create a new, more fertile species of an endangered plant, saving it from extinction
We can modify (plants) to help them adapt to different environments
The only disadvantage(s) I can think of- Its expensive and one mistake could create a monster