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Transcript of Painting
Natacha Ranger First of all, let's give you an overview of painting Now, would you like to know the different types of paint and colours as well as the equipment we use with paint? Let's find out! Now let's provide you with some more information about different types of paintings and give you some idioms and expressions... 1,2,3...GO! Do you know the different painting styles? ...as well as some of the best painters in history? Let's help you with some key words and names! Now, there is no doubt you know more about painting than anyone! Do you want to test your knowledge? Here are some exercises... ...HAVE A TRY! What is painting exactly? Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment or colour to a surface.It is a type of expression which exists in many forms. 'Rhythm' is important in painting as well as in music, and colour and tone are the essence of painting as pitch and rhythm are of music. Indeed, colour is highly subjective, but has observable psychological effects, although these can differ from one culture to the next (eg, Black is associated with mourning in the West, but in the East, white is). Pre-historic painting: short summary The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, claimed by some historians to be about 32,000 years old. In Paleolithic times, the representation of humans in cave paintings was rare and animals were more common. Not only those that were eaten but also animals that represented strength, like the rhinoceros.Rare human representations included handprints and half-human, half-animal figures.Then,the most important work of the Mesolithic era was the Marching Warriors, a rock painting at Cingle de la Mola, Castellon, Spain dating back to between 7,000 and 4,000 BC. At that time,the technique used was probably spitting or blowing the pigments onto the rock. One of the paintings of the Grottes Chauvets, France: Marching Warriors, rock painting at Cingle de la Mola, Castellon, Spain Types of paint and colours 1.Undercoat: a type of paint that you put on walls first, before applying a layer of colour. You often use undercoat if you want to paint over a dark coloured wall with a lighter colour.
Undercoat is usually white or cream. 2.Matte: a type of paint that is not shiny 4.Gloss:a type of paint that has a shiny appearance 3.A primary colour:red, yellow or blue. These are the based colours which can be mixed together in different ways to make other colours 5.A pastel colour:a pale and soft colour (e.g. light pink or yellow) 6.Earth tones:rich dark colours which contain some brown Equipment we use with paint A brush /paintbrush:
an tool with short pieces of stiff hair, plastic or wire attached to a wooden or plastic handle, which is used for painting A roller:a tool which has a sponge cylinder attached to a wooden or plastic pole. It is used for painting walls, large or high areas Paint stripper:
liquid used to remove old paint from wooden surfaces (e.g. doors) A colour chart:a piece of paper or cardboard that shows small samples of different colours to help you choose which pot of paint to buy A palette: a rectangular or oval-shaped flat surface used for mixing colours Painting Idioms and Expressions to paint a rosy/bleak picture:
to describe something in a particular way, either very positively (rosy) or negatively (bleak) to paint the town / to paint the town red:
to go out and enjoy yourself (often drinking alcohol,
dancing and having a good time) usually to celebrate
something to watch paint dry (usually used humorously): used to talk about an activity that you think is very boring Types of painting Body painting: a form of body art. Large scale or full-body painting that is more commonly referred to as body painting, while smaller or more detailed work is generally referred to as temporary tattoos. Figure painting: a form of visual art in which the artist uses a live model as the subject of a two-dimensional piece of artwork using paint as the medium. The live model can be either nude, partly or fully clothed and the painting is a representation of the full body of the model. Landscape painting: a term that covers the depiction of natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, forests and especially art where the main subject is a wide view, with its elements arranged into a coherent composition. Veduta: a highly detailed, usually large-scale painting of a cityscape. Still life: a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which may be either natural (food, flowers, plants, rocks or shells) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelery, coins, pipes etc.). Some painting styles Surrealism It is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s. It features the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions. Photorealism It is a genre of painting based on using a camera and photographs to gather information and then from this information, creating a painting that appears to be very realistic, like a photograph. Cubism A nonobjective school of painting and sculpture developed in Paris in the early 20th century, characterized by the reduction and fragmentation of natural forms into abstract, often geometric structures Some of the best painters in history Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) Michelangelo was an Italian artist considered by many art critics to be the greatest artist of all time,
his reputaton as the finest artist rests in his two monumental Sistine Chapel frescoes. The first work, the Genesis fresco took four years to complete (1508-1512). Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) Leonardo Da Vinci was an Italian artist. He was a pioneer of oil painting. Indeed,his immortal history painting - The Last Supper (1495-1498) - was executed using a mixture of plaster and oil paint. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter. He is widely known for founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica (1937) during the Spanish Civil War. The Last Supper (1495-1498) Guernica (1937) Genesis (1508-1512) Exercise 1: Match each object with the correct word. a. Paint Stripper 1 2. 3. 4. 5. b. Colour chart c. Paintbrush d.Paintroller e. Palette Check your answers: 1c, 2b, 3d, 4e, 5a Exercise 2: Which of the following painters was considered to be the founder of Cubism? Choose the correct answer: a. Leonardo Da vinci
b. Pablo PIcasso
c. Michelangelo Buonarroti
d. Van Gogh Answer: Pablo Picasso Exercise 3: Spot the odd one out:
Red, yellow, purple, blue. Answer: purple. Any questions?